IAS Eligibility 2023: Age limit, Qualification, Nationality & Attempts

Indian Administrative Services 2023 ( IAS )

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Registrations: 1 Feb '23 - 21 Feb '23

Rachit Kumar
Rachit Kumar Saxena
Updated on Aug 17, 2022 16:06 IST

IAS eligibility 2023 will be defined in the official UPSC Civil Service exam notification. The candidates can see here the age limit, educational requirements, number of permissible attempts and other important eligibility criteria for IAS exam.


IAS Eligibility Criteria

IAS eligibility 2023 will be defined in the official notification released by UPSC. The candidates will get all the information about the IAS eligibility criteria, the age limit for IAS, the number of attempts allowed, the nationality requirement for All India Services and all the information related to the eligibility conditions for joining the IAS, IPS, IFS and other services. IAS and IFS require specific nationality. IAS notification 2023 will be released on February 1 next year and it will mention all the important IAS eligibility criteria that are mentioned above. IAS eligibility criteria are closely monitored by the Union Government of India because it is the premier exam in the nation. 

It is important to note that UPSC needs to take permission from the Department of Personnel before making any changes to the Civil Service exam notification. The Department of Personnel works directly under the Prime Minister of the nation. So we can say, to make any changes in the IAS age limit, the number of attempts in IAS, IAS qualification and relaxation in the IAS age limit, the approval of the Prime Minister will be required.

It is very important that the candidates read, understand and conform to all the eligibility conditions mentioned in the official notification to avoid last-minute rejection. Along with the official notification of UPSC, the Government of India also release an official gazette regarding the recruitment rules related to the Civil Service Exam of that year. The IAS Eligibility rules are explained in that gazette.

The full form of IAS is Indian Administrative Service. It is the dream job of millions in India. Be it an engineer, doctor, architect or lawyer, everyone once dreamed about appearing in the IAS exam. It is very important that the candidates read, understand and conform to all the IAS eligibility conditions mentioned in the official IAS notification to avoid last-minute rejection. There are special conditions mentioned for the MBBS doctors applying for the IAS exam. IAS exam 2023 will be conducted on May 28.

IAS notification 2023 will be released online only. All the IAS eligibility conditions will be notified in the official advertisement. IAS eligibility is not changed in recent years. We are explaining each component of the eligibility criteria for the IAS exam based on the previous notification. IAS eligibility can be divided into the following parts

  • Nationality for Civil Service
  • IAS Age Limit
  • Educational Qualification for IAS
  • Special Restrictions for some personnel

Each one of the above is a significant condition for the appointment to IAS and IPS. IAS eligibility criteria 2023 is explained here keeping the essential points in mind and the candidates will find it easy to understand each component of the IAS eligibility criteria. The candidate must fulfil all the IAS eligibility criteria because if the candidate does not confirm the prescribed norms, the candidature will be cancelled. 

See Here: IAS Toppers 2022

There are various eligibility criteria for the IAS exam which need to be understood by the IAS aspirants clearly. There are various candidates who do not understand the IAS eligibility criteria and do not fill out the IAS application form even though they are eligible for the exam. Here we are explaining the IAS eligibility criteria in detail so that the candidates should not get confused and fill out the IAS application at the appropriate time.

IAS Eligibility 2023 – Nationality

For services other than All India Services (IAS, IPS and IFoS), citizens of other countries are also eligible. The candidates should understand that they are competing with the students of various nations. But on the other hand, the All-India Services are reserved for Indian citizens only. This can be summarised as below:

Service Name Nationality
Indian Administrative Service (IAS) The candidate must be a citizen of India.

Indian Police Service (IPS)

Indian Foreign Service (IFS)

Indian citizens can only be appointed to the above services.

Also Read: Difference between IAS and IPS

For Central Civil Services – 

The following candidates can be appointed to the Central Civil Service except for the Indian Foreign Service which is reserved for Indian nationals.

(a) a citizen of India, or  

(b) a subject of Nepal, or

(c) a subject of Bhutan, or

(d) a Tibetan refugee who came over to India before January 1, 1962, with the intention of permanently settling in India, or

(e) a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia and Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.

Provided that a candidate belonging to categories (b), (c), (d) and (e) shall be a person in whose favour a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government of India.

A candidate in whose case a certificate of eligibility is necessary may be admitted to the examination but the offer of appointment may be given only after the necessary eligibility certificate has been issued to him/her by the Government of India.

IAS Qualification

IAS exam is an open exam for all. There are no minimum percentage criteria in the qualifying exam for the Civil Service exam. Any graduate with any percentage of marks can apply to become an IAS officer. The only educational qualification required is that the candidates must be a graduate or equivalent in any discipline from a recognised university. There is no mention of the minimum passing percentage required to appear in the IAS Exam.

The candidates, in the last year of their degree course, can also fill in the IAS application provided that they need to submit their final year mark sheet/ score sheet at the time of Detailed Application Form(DAF) submission for the IAS main exam.

See Here: IAS exam pattern

Condition for Doctors

Candidates who have passed the final professional M.B.B.S. or any other Medical Examination but have not completed their internship by the time of submission of their applications for the Civil Services (Main) Examination, will be provisionally admitted to the examination. They will require submitting a copy of a certificate from the concerned authority of the University/Institution that they had passed the requisite final professional medical examination.

As per the eligibility criteria for the IAS exam, in such above cases, the candidates will be required to produce at the time of their interview original Degree or a certificate from the concerned competent authority of the University/Institution that they had completed all requirements (including completion of internship) for the award of the Degree.

Also Read about IAS Preparation

IAS Age Limit

UPSC mentioned the IAS exam age limit in the official IAS notification. The candidates need to ensure that they fall within the prescribed age limit for IAS because UPSC can cancel the candidature of the candidate at any moment in the wake of non-conformity to the eligibility criteria. 

IAS Age Limit for General Category

For the general category candidates, IAS age limit is defined as below. The date of birth as mentioned in the High School/Higher Secondary certificate will be considered final by the UPSC.

Lower Age Limit - 21 years

Upper Age Limit - 32 years

Read Here: 100 days plan for IAS prelims

Age Relaxation in IAS Age Limit

For the IAS exam, the age is counted from July 1 of the notification year. It means that for the IAS exam 2023, the age will be taken into account from the date July 1, 2023. For IAS exam 2023, the candidate must not be born before August 2, 1991, and not later than August 1, 2002.

UPSC also provides age relaxation in the IAS exam to the candidates belonging to the reserved categories in the manner shown below:


Age Relaxation 


5 Years


3 Years

Defence Services Personnel, disabled in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or in a disturbed area and released as a consequence thereof

3 Years

Ex-servicemen including commissioned officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least five years of military service as of August 1, 2023, and have been released

5 Years

PwD [(a) blindness and low vision; (b) deaf and hard of hearing; (c) locomotor disability including cerebral palsy, leprosy cured, dwarfism, acid attack victims and muscular dystrophy; (d) autism, intellectual disability, specific learning disability and mental illness; and (e) multiple disabilities from amongst persons under clauses (a) to (d) including deaf-blindness]

10 Years

How Many Attempts are Permitted for IAS Exam?

Besides the IAS age limit and educational qualification, there is one more eligibility criterion for the IAS exam which is the number of attempts. The number of attempts for the candidates is limited to a certain number in the IAS exam. It means that the candidate can appear in the IAS exam as per the prescribed limit irrespective of their age. If a candidate falls within the age limit but exhausted all attempts, they will not be eligible for the IAS exam. But exemption in the number of attempts is provided to the reserved category candidates. The number of attempts and exemptions are as follows


Number of Attempts(Allowed)

General/Economically Weaker Section(EWS)


Other Backward Classes



Unlimited - till the age limit

Person with Disabilities

Unlimited - till the age limit

How an Attempt is Counted in IAS Exam?

The UPSC defines how an attempt is counted in the IAS exam. In the official IAS notification, it is mentioned that if a candidate appears in any of the papers of the Civil Service (IAS) Prelims exam, this will be counted as the attempt of the candidate. The number of attempts is one of the critical components of IAS eligibility.

This is the reason for high absenteeism in the IAS prelims exam. Only around 50% of candidates appear in the IAS prelims exam and the rest of the candidates do not appear to keep their number of attempts intact. Therefore, UPSC introduced the IAS application withdrawal facility. Notwithstanding the disqualification/cancellation of candidature, the fact of the appearance of the candidate at the examination will count as an attempt.

See here: Important topics for IAS Exam

Special Restrictions in IAS Exam

The candidates who are appointed to Indian Administrative Services (IAS) or Indian Foreign Services (IFS) and continue to be a member of that service will not be eligible to compete in the IAS Exam again. They have to resign to compete again in the IAS exam.

But an existing IPS officer can appear and compete in the IAS exam again. But he cannot opt for the Indian Police Service again.

Physical Standard For IAS

A candidate must be physically fit and have a sound mind. After the IAS interview, the candidate needs to undergo a compulsory medical test at the assigned medical centre. The candidates need to qualify for this medical test irrespective of the service assigned later.

The candidate who wants to claim the relaxation in the IAS eligibility criteria, as per their category, should note that all the certificates required to avail of the relaxation should be issued before the date of the IAS notification of that year. If the candidates are still confused regarding the IAS eligibility, they can comment in the comment box and ask their queries.

Read More:

Current Affairs 2022

Current Affairs Topics for IAS exam

How to prepare Current Affairs?

Important Questions for IAS exam

IAS Eligibility 2023 FAQs

Q: What is the age limit to become an IAS officer?

A: The minimum age to fill the IAS 2023 application will be 21 years and the maximum age permitted to fill the application will be 32 years. Age relaxation is provided to the candidates belonging to certain categories. The candidates can see here the age relaxation provided to various categories.

Q: What is the minimum percentage required to become an IAS officer?

A: The candidate must be a graduate of a recognised university. There is no minimum percentage required to become an IAS officer. Any graduate from any stream can become an IAS officer.

Q: Can a 12th pass apply for IAS?

A: No, the minimum educational qualification required to apply for IAS exam is to graduate in any discipline from a recognised university. The candidates appearing in their final year can apply for the exam if they can produce the passing certificate with the Detailed Application Form (DAF).

Q: Which degree is best for IAS?

A: There is no such preference to any stream or discipline. Even it is often seen that Engineers qualify and top the exam with the humanities subjects.

Q: What is a qualification for IAS?

A: The minimum educational qualification required to fill in the IAS application is a graduate in any stream from a recognised university.

Q: Who can join IAS?

A: Any graduate from a recognised university can appear in the Civil Service Exam conducted by UPSC. If he or she clears the exam and get into the merit list, he or she will be assigned to a service by Department of Personnel. If the rank is good in its category, he or she will be assigned to IAS.

Q: How many attempts is permitted to become an IAS officer?

A: The number of attempts are six for unreserved and Eonomically Weaker Section (EWS) category but UPSC has provided relaxation to reserve category candidate. 

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About the Author
Rachit Kumar Saxena

With over ten years of experience in the government exam and its preparation domain, Rachit knows the life cycle of almost all government exam and related information. He deeply understands the user requirements and... Read Full Bio

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