5 Reasons Why Artificial Intelligence Cannot Completely Replace Human

5 Reasons Why Artificial Intelligence Cannot Completely Replace Human

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Atul Harsha
Senior Manager Content
Updated on Jul 10, 2023 10:58 IST

Ever wondered if robots could one day replace us? With all the buzz around Artificial Intelligence (AI), it’s easy to imagine a future where machines do everything we can do, and maybe even more. But hold on, we’re not quite there yet! In this article, we’ll explore five big reasons why AI can’t fully replace us humans. From chatting like we do, to understanding our feelings, to making tough choices, there are some things that AI just can’t quite master. So, let’s dive in and discover why humans are still in the game!


Key Points:

  1. Artificial Intelligence struggles to fully grasp and replicate the subtleties of human conversation.
  2. AI lacks the human ability to create or invent something entirely new.
  3. It uses the data it trains on and struggles when it faces unfamiliar scenarios.
  4. AI doesn’t possess human-like understanding, empathy, or intentionality.
  5. AI’s adaptability is limited and it can’t adjust to completely new situations like humans can.

AI is a tool created by humans, for humans.

Based on the research paper “There is no Artificial General Intelligence” by Jobst Landgrebe and Barry Smith, I’ve identified five key reasons why artificial intelligence (AI) cannot completely replace humans. Let’s delve into each of these reasons, providing detailed facts, reasoning, and logic. I will also present some debatable points and their counter-arguments. Do let me know what is your view on it. These are the top 5 reasons of why AI cannot replace humans.

1. Lack of Human Dialogue Emulation:

AI systems, despite their sophistication, cannot fully emulate human dialogue. Human dialogue is a complex stochastic temporal process that lacks the Markov property, meaning state transition probability doesn’t depend only on the immediately preceding state. This complexity makes it impossible to create mathematical models that could be used to program a machine to master human dialogue behavior in its full generality.

Debate Point: Some might argue that with the advent of advanced natural language processing techniques, AI can effectively emulate human dialogue.

Counter-Argument: While AI has made strides in understanding and generating human-like text, it still falls short in understanding the nuances, context, and subtleties of human conversation. It lacks the ability to understand implicit meanings and emotions that are crucial in human dialogues.

2. Inability to Originate Anything:

AI systems, as per Ada Lovelace’s assertion, can only do what we know how to order them to perform. They lack the ability to originate anything new on their own, which is a fundamental aspect of human intelligence.

Debate Point: Some might argue that AI can generate new content, such as in the case of generative AI models.

Counter-Argument: While AI can generate new content, it’s based on patterns and data it has been trained on. It doesn’t truly “originate” or “invent” in the way humans do, as it lacks creativity and imagination.

3. Limitations of Machine Learning:

Machine learning, a subset of AI, has its limitations. It requires a sufficiently large collection of input-output tuples where the outputs have been appropriately tagged. This is beyond the bounds of what is possible given our current mathematics and the inexhaustible variance which human dialogues exhibit.

Debate Point: Some might argue that with the advent of unsupervised learning and reinforcement learning, AI can learn without explicit tagging.

Counter-Argument: Even with these advanced learning techniques, AI systems are still bound by the data they are trained on. They lack the ability to understand and learn from new scenarios that they haven’t been trained on, unlike humans.

4. Lack of Human-like Consciousness and Intention:

AI lacks human-like consciousness and intention. It doesn’t have the ability to have subjective experiences, feelings, or intentions. These are fundamental aspects of human intelligence that AI, being a machine, lacks.

Debate Point: Some might argue that consciousness and intention are not necessary for performing tasks and making decisions.

Counter-Argument: While AI can perform tasks and make decisions based on its programming, the lack of consciousness and intention means it lacks understanding and empathy, which are crucial in many human interactions and decision-making processes.

5. Inability to Adapt Like Humans:

Humans have the unique ability to adapt to ever new environments through the use of their mental capacities and tools, including language. This adaptability is seemingly without limits. AI, on the other hand, is limited by its programming and the data it has been trained on.

Debate Point: Some might argue that AI can adapt to new situations through learning algorithms.

Counter-Argument: AI’s adaptability is limited to its programming and the data it’s been trained on. It lacks the human ability to adapt to completely new and unforeseen situations.

New Jobs which will be created by AI

Job Title Description
AI Ethicist This role involves ensuring that AI systems are developed and used ethically, considering factors like fairness, transparency, and privacy.
AI Trainer AI Trainers are responsible for teaching AI systems how to perform tasks. This could involve anything from teaching a chatbot how to respond to customer inquiries to training a self-driving car.
AI Maintenance Worker These individuals are responsible for maintaining and repairing AI systems and machines.
AI Data Analyst AI Data Analysts are responsible for analyzing and interpreting complex digital data, such as the usage statistics of a website, the engagement of a marketing campaign, or the patterns of a network of IoT devices.
AI Application Manager This role involves managing the application of AI in various fields, ensuring it’s used effectively and responsibly.
AI Solutions Architect AI Solutions Architects design solutions that incorporate AI and machine learning to solve business problems.
AI Systems Engineer These engineers are responsible for the development, deployment, and management of AI systems.


While AI has made remarkable progress and is now a crucial part of our lives, it cannot fully replace humans due to its inability to emulate human dialogue, lack of human-like consciousness, and limitations in adaptability. AI also lacks emotional intelligence and requires human oversight for ethical reasons. AI is a tool designed to assist, not replace, humans.

As we continue to explore the potential of AI, it is important to keep these limitations in mind and to continue the conversation about the ethical implications of AI development and use. Only by doing so can we ensure that AI is used responsibly and to the benefit of all.


  1. There is no Artificial General Intelligence. by Landgrebe, J., & Smith, B. (2019). Link to the paper
  2. Why Artificial Intelligence Will Not Replace Human in Near Future? IvyPanda. Link to the essay
  3. An argument for the impossibility of machine intelligence. Link to the paper
  4. Deep Learning and Artificial General Intelligence: Still a Long Way to Go. Link to the paper

About the Author
Atul Harsha
Senior Manager Content

Experienced AI and Machine Learning content creator with a passion for using data to solve real-world challenges. I specialize in Python, SQL, NLP, and Data Visualization. My goal is to make data science engaging an... Read Full Bio