NDA Syllabus 2024: Maths, GAT, English & GK Syllabus PDF Download

National Defence Academy & Naval Academy Exam 2024 ( NDA )

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Registration: 15 May '24 - 4 Jun '24

Anangsha Patra

Anangsha PatraDeputy Manager – Editorial

Updated on May 13, 2024 15:49 IST

NDA Syllabus 2024: Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) prescribes NDA syllabus along with the notification. NDA exam is conducted twice a year to select candidates for admission to the Army, Navy and Air Force wings of the National Defence Academy (NDA) and Indian Naval Academy Course (INAC). NDA syllabus comprises the topics and sub-topics that candidates need to study for the exam.

NDA syllabus comprises two subjects, Maths and GAT. NDA Maths syllabus carries questions from Algebra, Calculus, Matrices and Determinants, Integral Calculus and  Differential Equations, Trigonometry, Vector Algebra, Analytical Geometry Of Two and Three Dimension, and Statistics and  Probability. NDA GAT syllabus comprises topics from English, Physics, Chemistry, Social Studies, General Science, Geography, and Current Events. For NDA exam, candidates must have a complete understanding of NDA syllabus for Maths and GAT. NDA syllabus for Maths carries questions based on Class 12 curriculum. The GAT paper holds the maximum weightage in the UPSC NDA syllabus. 

Candidates can download the latest NDA syllabus for Maths, English and General Knowledge. The selection of candidates is done through the written exam and SSB interview.

Also Read: NDA 2024

Q:   What is NDA syllabus?

A:
NDA syllabus outlines the topics and sub-topics which candidates need to cover for the exam. NDA syllabus is divided into Maths and GAT. The level of the syllabus is of Classes 10, 11 and 12 standards. Candidates can check below the topics included in the syllabus: Mathematics: Algebra Calculus, Matrices and Determinants Integral Calculus and Differential Equations Trigonometry Vector Algebra Analytical Geometry Of Two and Three Dimension and Statistics and Probability. GAT. The GAT syllabus of NDA is divided into two parts. Part A comprises questions from English while Part B carries questions from General Knowledge. Questions in English part are asked from Grammar and Usage, Vocabulary, Comprehension, and Cohesion. Questions in General Knowledge are asked from Physics Chemistry Social Studies, General Science, Geography, and Current Events.
 

Q:   Where can I get NDA syllabus?

A:

NDA syllabus is prescribed by UPSC. The syllabus is mentioned on the notification. NDA syllabus is divided into Maths and GAT. The standard of NDA syllabus is of Class 10, 11 and 12 levels. The total marks allotted to the written exam are 900. NDA Maths syllabus comprises topics such as Algebra, Calculus, Matrices and Determinants, Integral Calculus and Differential Equations, Trigonometry, Vector Algebra, Analytical Geometry Of Two and Three Dimension and Statistics and  Probability. NDA GAT syllabus comprises topics such as Grammar and Usage, Vocabulary, Comprehension, and Cohesion, Physics, Chemistry, Social Studies, General Science, Geography, and Current Events.

 

Q:   Is the NDA and the CDS syllabus the same?

A:

NDA exam is conducted for admission to the Army, Navy and Air Force wings of National Defence Academy and Indian Naval Academy Course. CDS exam is conducted to select eligible candidates for Indian Military Academy (IMA), Indian Naval Academy (INA), Air Force Academy (AFA) and Officers Training Academy (OTA). NDA and CDS syllabus are different. The level of NDA syllabus is of Class 10, 11 and 12 levels. Whereas, the standard of CDS syllabus is of graduation level. NDA syllabus is divided into Maths and GAT. CDS syllabus is divided into Elementary Maths, English and General Awareness. The total marks allotted to the NDA written exam are 900. The total marks allotted to the written exam of CDS are 300 for IMA, INA and AFA and 200 for OTA. 

 

Q:   What level of math questions are asked in NDA?

A:

The Paper 1 of NDA Maths section carries 300 marks. The exam comprises of 120 questions in maths from Class 12 level. For each correct answer,   candidate get 2.5 marks. Additionally, 0.83 mark is deducted for wrong response. Questions in Maths are asked from Algebra, Calculus,  Matrices and Determinants,  Integral Calculus and Differential Equations, Trigonometry,  Vector Algebra, Analytical Geometry Of Two and Three Dimension and Statistics and  Probability. 

 

NDA Syllabus 2024

NDA syllabus is divided into Maths and General Ability Test (GAT). Total of 120 questions are asked from the Maths section and 150 questions are there in the GAT paper. NDA GAT syllabus aims to test a candidate's basic knowledge of History, GK, Current Affairs of National and International Events, English, Science, and Geography. NDA Maths syllabus assesses a candidate's ability to solve Mathematical problems by applying formulas, theorems, etc. The level of NDA syllabus is of Class 10, 11, and 12 standards. In NDA syllabus, GAT paper holds the maximum weightage. The total marks allotted to GAT paper are 600. The Maths paper carries 300 marks. UPSC conducts the SSB interview for candidates who obtain the cut off marks in the written exam. With the help of the NDA syllabus, candidates can know the important topics for the exam and plan their studies accordingly.

Download here NDA question papers

NDA Syllabus 2024 Highlights

Candidates can check below the highlights of NDA syllabus 2024.

Parameters Details

Name of the Exam

National Defence Academy Exam or NDA exam

Exam Conducting Body

Union Public Service Commission, UPSC

Frequency of NDA Exam

Two times a year (NDA 1 & NDA 2)

Selection Process

Written Test 

Intelligence & Personality Test (SSB)

Mode of exam

Offline (Pen and Paper mode)

Total Papers in NDA Exam

Mathematics

General Ability Test (GAT)

Total Marks for NDA Exam

Total: 900 Marks

Mathematics: 300 Marks

GAT: 600 Marks

Total No. of Questions

Mathematics: 120

GAT: 150

Negative Marking

Mathematics: -0.83

GAT: -1.33 marks

Exam Duration

Mathematics: 2 Hours 30 Minutes

GAT: 2 Hours 30 Minutes

NDA Syllabus PDF

Candidates can download the official NDA syllabus PDF from this page for free. After downloading the syllabus, can strategize their preparation. Click the link given below to download the NDA syllabus for different subjects. 

Download here NDA Syllabus PDF

NDA Syllabus 2023: Important Points

It is important that candidates must refer to the NDA syllabus before beginning with their NDA preparation. The syllabus will help candidates to know the topics they need to cover for the exam. Some of the important topics that candidates must prepare for NDA exam are given below:

  • English: Reading Comprehension, Synonyms, Antonyms, Spotting errors, Vocabulary, Idioms and Phrases, etc.
  • NDA Maths Syllabus: Matrices and Determinants, Sets, Venn Diagram, Trigonometry, 2D and 3D Geometry, Differential calculus, etc.
  • General Knowledge: History, Chemistry, Current Affairs, Art and Culture, Physics, Chemistry, Basic Science, etc.

Q:   Can I complete NDA Syllabus in two Months?

A:
NDA is a national-level defence exam that is largely participated by the defence aspirants. Therefore, the competition is high for this exam. Candidates requires at least one year to six months for NDA preparation. However, with dedication and right approach, candidates can clear the exam in two months. Candidates must first go through the topics in NDA syllabus first. Attempt NDA previous years' papers and mock tests regularly to improve time management skills.
 

Q:   Where can I get NDA syllabus?

A:

NDA syllabus is prescribed by UPSC. The syllabus is mentioned on the notification. NDA syllabus is divided into Maths and GAT. The standard of NDA syllabus is of Class 10, 11 and 12 levels. The total marks allotted to the written exam are 900. NDA Maths syllabus comprises topics such as Algebra, Calculus, Matrices and Determinants, Integral Calculus and Differential Equations, Trigonometry, Vector Algebra, Analytical Geometry Of Two and Three Dimension and Statistics and  Probability. NDA GAT syllabus comprises topics such as Grammar and Usage, Vocabulary, Comprehension, and Cohesion, Physics, Chemistry, Social Studies, General Science, Geography, and Current Events.

 

Q:   Is the NDA entrance exam syllabus the same as Class 12?

A:

Yes, the NDA syllabus is the same as class 12. To crack the NDA exam, candidates must have conceptual clarity for better application while handling tricky and simple questions. Candidates must practice previous years' question papers. For Maths candidates must practice from NCERT Class 11 books. Jot down important Mathematical formulas and concepts. For English, candidates must brush up on the concepts of English. Candidates must clear their basic grammar, improve reading comprehension, and build vocabulary to tackle Antonyms and Synonyms.

 

Q:   What is the purpose of the NDA syllabus?

A:

NDA syllabus is prescribed by the examination authority. The syllabus comprises the topics that candidates need to prepare for the exam. The first and foremost step towards preparation is going through the syllabus. Knowing the syllabus helps candidates to plan a strategy to ace the exam, thereby, giving them the right direction for preparation. NDA syllabus has two sections for the written exam, General Ability Test (GAT) and Mathematics. GAT aims to test the candidate's basic knowledge of History, GK, Current Affairs of National and International Events, English, Science, and Geography. On the other hand, the Mathematics paper of NDA comprises questions based on Class 12. The GAT paper holds the maximum weightage in the syllabus. 

 

 

NDA Syllabus for Paper 1

NDA syllabus for Paper 1 comprises topics and sub-topics from Maths. This paper carries 120 questions of Class 10, 11 and 12 standards. Candidates get 2.5 marks for each correct answer and there is also a negative marking of 0.83 marks for each incorrect answer. 

Overview of NDA Paper 1

Total Marks

300 Marks

Total No. of Questions

120

Correct Answer 

2.5 marks

Marks deducted for the wrong answer

- 0.83

Total duration of Mathematics Paper 

2 Hours 30 Minutes

NDA Maths Syllabus 2024

The standard of NDA question paper for the Mathematics section is of Class 11 and 12 levels. Candidates can clear their concepts of Maths by referring to the NCERT books of Class 11 and 12. This section tests the candidate's calculative skills. Let us know the topic-wise NDA Mathematics syllabus. 

Topics Sub-Topics

Algebra

Sets, Venn diagrams, De Morgan laws, Cartesian product, relation, equivalence relation. Real numbers, Complex numbers, Modulus, Cube roots, Conversion of a number in Binary system to Decimals and vice-versa. Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions. Quadratic equations, Linear inequations, Permutation and Combination, Binomial theorem and Logarithms.

Calculus

Concept of a real valued function, domain, range and graph of a function. Composite functions, one to one, onto and inverse functions. Notion of limit, Standard limits, Continuity of functions, algebraic operations on continuous functions. Derivative of function at a point, geometrical and physical interpretation of a derivative-application. Derivatives of sum, product and quotient of functions, derivative of a function with respect to another function, derivative of a composite function. Second order derivatives. Increasing and decreasing functions. Application of derivatives in problems of maxima and minima

Matrices and Determinants

Types of matrices, operations on matrices. Determinant of a matrix, basic properties of determinants. Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix, Applications-Solution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns by Cramer’s rule and by Matrix Method.

Integral Calculus and Differential Equations

Integration as inverse of differentiation, integration by substitution and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraic expressions, trigonometric, exponential and hyperbolic functions. Evaluation of definite integrals—determination of areas of plane regions bounded by curves-applications.

Definition of order and degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation by examples. General and particular solution of differential equations, solution of first order and first-degree differential equations of various types—examples. Application in problems of growth and decay.

Trigonometry

Angles and their measures in degrees and in radians. Trigonometric ratios. Trigonometric identities Sum and difference formulae. Multiple and Sub-multiple angles. Inverse trigonometric functions. Applications-Height and distance, properties of triangles.

Vector Algebra

Vectors in two and three dimensions, magnitude, and direction of a vector. Unit and null vectors, the addition of vectors, scalar multiplication of a vector, scalar product, or dot product of two vectors. Vector product or cross product of two vectors. Applications—work done by a force and moment of a force and in geometrical problems.

Analytical Geometry Of Two and Three Dimension

Rectangular Cartesian Coordinate system, Distance formula, Equation of a line in various forms. The angle between two lines. Distance of a point from a line. Equation of a circle in standard and in a general form. Standard forms of parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola. Eccentricity and axis of a conic. Point in a three-dimensional space, the distance between two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation of a plane and a line in various forms. Angle between two lines and angle between two planes. Equation of a sphere.

Statistics and Probability

Probability: Random experiment, outcomes, and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events. Union and Intersection of events. Complementary, elementary, and composite events. Definition of probability—classical and statistical—examples. Elementary theorems on probability-simple problems. Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem—simple problems. Random variable as function on a sample space. Binomial distribution, examples of random experiments giving rise to Binomial distribution.

Also Read: 

NCERT Maths Solution Class 11

NCERT Maths Solution Class 12

Topic-wise distribution of questions in Maths

The topic-wise distribution of questions in the Maths section is given below.

Topic Questions

Calculus

20-25

Quadratic equation

20-15

Matrices & Determinants 

30

Probability

10

Trigonometry

30

Complex number 

10-15

NDA Marking Scheme for Maths

Candidates will get 2.5 marks for each correct answer and there is also a negative marking of 0.83 marks deducted for each incorrect answer. Candidates can check below the marking scheme as well as the number of questions.

Total Marks

300 Marks

Total No. of Questions

120

Correct Answer 

2.5 marks

Marks deducted for the wrong answer

- 0.83

Total duration of Mathematics Paper 

2 Hours 30 Minutes


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Q:   What is NDA Maths syllabus?

A:

NDA Maths syllabus covers the topics from higher secondary Mathematics on Trigonometry Algebra Differential Calculus, 2D and 3D Geometry, Matrix and Determinants etc. A total of 120 questions are asked in the Maths section and carry 300 marks. Candidates must clear their basics from Class 10, 11 and 12 Maths books. NDA syllabus for Maths is given below:

Algebra: Sets, Venn diagrams, De Morgan laws, Cartesian product, relation, equivalence relation. Real numbers, Complex numbers, Modulus, Cube roots, Conversion of a number in Binary system to Decimals and vice-versa. Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions. Quadratic equations, Linear inequations, Permutation and Combination, Binomial theorem and Logarithms.

Calculus: Concept of a real valued function, domain, range and graph of a function. Composite functions, one to one, onto and inverse functions. Notion of limit, Standard limits, Continuity of functions, algebraic operations on continuous functions. Derivative of function at a point, geometrical and physical interpretation of a derivative-application. Derivatives of sum, product and quotient of functions, derivative of a function with respect to another function, derivative of a composite function. Second order derivatives. Increasing and decreasing functions. Application of derivatives in problems of maxima and minima

Matrices and Determinants: Types of matrices, operations on matrices. Determinant of a matrix, basic properties of determinants. Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix, Applications-Solution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns by Cramer’s rule and by Matrix Method.

Integral Calculus and Differential Equations: Integration as inverse of differentiation, integration by substitution and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraic expressions, trigonometric, exponential and hyperbolic functions. Evaluation of definite integrals—determination of areas of plane regions bounded by curves-applications.

Definition of order and degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation by examples. General and particular solution of differential equations, solution of first order and first-degree differential equations of various types—examples. Application in problems of growth and decay.

Trigonometry: Angles and their measures in degrees and in radians. Trigonometric ratios. Trigonometric identities Sum and difference formulae. Multiple and Sub-multiple angles. Inverse trigonometric functions. Applications-Height and distance, properties of triangles.

Vector Algebra: Vectors in two and three dimensions, magnitude, and direction of a vector. Unit and null vectors, the addition of vectors, scalar multiplication of a vector, scalar product, or dot product of two vectors. Vector product or cross product of two vectors. Applications—work done by a force and moment of a force and in geometrical problems.

Analytical Geometry Of Two and Three Dimension: Rectangular Cartesian Coordinate system, Distance formula, Equation of a line in various forms. The angle between two lines. Distance of a point from a line. Equation of a circle in standard and in a general form. Standard forms of parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola. Eccentricity and axis of a conic. Point in a three-dimensional space, the distance between two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation of a plane and a line in various forms. Angle between two lines and angle between two planes. Equation of a sphere.

Statistics and Probability: Probability: Random experiment, outcomes, and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events. Union and Intersection of events. Complementary, elementary, and composite events. Definition of probability—classical and statistical—examples. Elementary theorems on probability-simple problems. Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem—simple problems. Random variable as function on a sample space. Binomial distribution, examples of random experiments giving rise to Binomial distribution.

 

Q:   Which are the important topics for Vector Alegbra in NDA?

A:
The important topics for NDA Vector Algebra are Sets Venn diagrams, De Morgan laws, Cartesian product, relation, equivalence relation. Real numbers, Complex numbers, Modulus, Cube roots, Conversion of a number in Binary system to Decimals and vice-versa. Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions. Quadratic equations, Linear inequations, Permutation and Combination, Binomial theorem and Logarithms.
 

Q:   Which are the important topics for Calculus in NDA?

A:
The calculus chapter of NDA comprises topics such as Concept of a real valued function, domain, range and graph of a function. Composite functions, one to one, onto and inverse functions. Notion of limit, Standard limits, Continuity of functions, algebraic operations on continuous functions. Derivative of function at a point, geometrical and physical interpretation of a derivative-application. Derivatives of sum, product and quotient of functions, derivative of a function with respect to another function, derivative of a composite function. Second order derivatives. Increasing and decreasing functions. Application of derivatives in problems of maxima and minimal.
 

Q:   Which are the important topics for the Probability chapter in NDA Maths paper?

A:

The important topics for the Probability chapter in NDA Maths paper are Probability: Random experiment, outcomes, and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events. Union and Intersection of events. Complementary, elementary, and composite events. Definition of probability—classical and statistical—examples. Elementary theorems on probability-simple problems. Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem—simple problems. Random variable as function on a sample space. Binomial distribution, examples of random experiments giving rise to Binomial distribution.

 

NDA Syllabus 2024 for Paper 2

NDA syllabus for Paper 2 comprises General Ability Test (GAT) which includes the topics and sub-topics from General Knowledge (GK), English, Chemistry, Physics, Geography, General Science, and Current Events. A total of 150 questions are asked in this paper, out of which 50 questions are from English and the remaining 100 questions are from General Knowledge. The total marks allotted to this section are 600. The basic overview of NDA syllabus for Paper 2 is given below.

Parameters Details

Total marks allotted for GAT paper

600 marks

No. of questions

150 

Total questions in English

50 

Total Questions in GK 

100 

Total Marks for English 

200 

Total Marks for GK

400

Marks for Correct Answer

4 marks in each section

Marks for Incorrect Answer

-1.33 marks in each section

Total Duration of GAT Paper

2 Hours 30 Minutes

NDA English Syllabus 

NDA English syllabus comprises the topics that test the basic proficiency in English Language and Comprehension. A total of 50 questions are asked from this section. NDA syllabus for English can be prepared by reading books and newspapers. The difficulty level of this section is easy to moderate. NDA syllabus for English is given below.

  • Grammar & usage
  • Comprehension & cohesion
  • Spotting of errors
  • Para Jumbling
  • Fill in the blanks
  • Synonyms & Antonyms
  • Vocabulary
  • Cloze Test
  • Idioms & Proverbs
  • Completion of Sentence & Para
  • Sentence Correction & Improvement

NDA Syllabus for GAT

The question paper of the GAT covers subjects that include Physics, Chemistry, Social Studies, General Science, Geography and Current Events. NDA syllabus for GAT is given below.

NDA Physics Syllabus 

 Around 23-25 questions are asked from Physics. NDA Physics syllabus is given below.

Physical Properties and States of Matter

Modes of transference of Heat

Mass

Sound waves and their properties

Weight

Simple musical instruments

Volume

Rectilinear propagation of Light

Density and Specific Gravity

Reflection and refraction

Principle of Archimedes

Spherical mirrors and Lenses

Pressure Barometer

Human Eye

Motion of objects

Natural and Artificial Magnets

Velocity and Acceleration

Properties of a Magnet

Newton’s Laws of Motion

Earth as a Magnet

Force and Momentum

Static and Current Electricity

Parallelogram of Forces

Conductors and Non-conductors

Stability and Equilibrium of bodies

Ohm’s Law

Gravitation

Simple Electrical Circuits

Elementary ideas of work

Heating, Lighting and Magnetic effects of Current

Power and Energy

Measurement of Electrical Power

Effects of Heat

Primary and Secondary Cells

Measurement of Temperature and Heat

Use of X-Rays ,General Principles in the working of Simple Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs, Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariner’s Compass; Lightning Conductors, Safety Fuses.

Also Read: 

NCERT Solutions for Physics Class 11

NCERT Solutions for Physics Class 12

NDA Chemistry Syllabus

NDA Chemistry Syllabus is contain topics of Class 12 level. NDA Chemistry syllabus is given below.

Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon Dioxide, Oxidation and Reduction. Acids, bases and salts. Carbon— different forms

Physical and Chemical Changes

Fertilizers—Natural and Artificial

Elements

Material used in the preparation of substances like Soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches and Gunpowder

Mixtures and Compounds

Elementary ideas about the structure of Atom

Symbols, Formulae and simple Chemical Equation

Atomic Equivalent and Molecular Weights

Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems)

Valency

Properties of Air and Water

Also Read: 

NCERT Chemistry Solutions for Class 11

NCERT Chemistry Solutions for Class 12

NDA General Science Syllabus

NDA syllabus for General Science includes topics that assess the basic knowledge of the candidate on science and environment. NDA General Science syllabus is given below.

Common Epidemics, their causes and prevention

Difference between the living and non-living

Food-Source of Energy for man

Basis of Life—Cells, Protoplasms and Tissues

Constituents of food

Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals

Balanced Diet

Elementary knowledge of Human Body and its important organs

The Solar System-Meteors and Comets, Eclipses. Achievements of Eminent Scientists

 

NDA History Syllabus

NDA History syllabus contains topics on Culture and Civilization, the Freedom Movement in India, American Independence, French Revolution, etc. Check the list of topics included in the UPSC NDA syllabus for History below.

Forces shaping the modern world; Renaissance

A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilisation

Exploration and Discovery; War of American Independence, French Revolution, Industrial Revolution and Russian Revolution

Freedom Movement in India

Impact of Science and Technology on Society

Elementary study of Indian Constitution and Administration

Concept of one World

Elementary knowledge of Five Year Plans of India

United Nations, Panchsheel, Democracy, Socialism and Communism

Panchayati Raj

Role of India in the present world

Co-operatives and Community Development

A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilisation

Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare State

Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi

-

NDA Geography Syllabus

NDA Geography Syllabus assesses the candidate’s knowledge about earth and its resources and environment.

The Earth, its shape and size

Ocean Currents and Tides Atmosphere and its composition

Latitudes and Longitudes

Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure, Planetary Winds, Cyclones and Anticyclones; Humidity; Condensation and Precipitation

Concept of time

Types of Climate

International Date Line

Major Natural regions of the World

Movements of Earth and their effects

Regional Geography of India—Climate, Natural vegetation. Mineral and Power resources; location and distribution of agricultural and Industrial activities

Origin of Earth. Rocks and their classification

Important Sea ports and main sea, land and air routes of India

Weathering—Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and Volcanoes

Main items of Imports and Exports of India

UPSC NDA Current Affairs Syllabus

NDA Current Affairs syllabus includes topics based on the latest current affairs events of India as well as the world. 

Knowledge of Important events that have happened in India in the recent years

Prominent personalities—both Indian and International including those connected with cultural activities and sports

Current important world events

-

Q:   What is the NDA syllabus for English?

A:
For the English section of NDA exam, candidates can go through Grammar and Usage, Vocabulary, Comprehension, and Cohesion. To ace this section, candidates must be thorough with the rules of grammar. Candidates must read the newspapers to improve their grammar and vocabulary. The English section carries 200 marks. This section of the paper judge their understanding of the English Language, Grammar and Comprehension. Being proficient in the language, and having rich vocabulary boost NDA preparation for English. Here are the tips and tricks to crack NDA English section: Cover the syllabus: The first requirement is to cover the entire syllabus that include topics such as grammar and usage, comprehension, synonyms & antonyms, fill in the blanks, spot the error, para jumbles, etc. Read Thoroughly: The best way to prepare for English Language is to read extensively. Candidates must read wide range of books, newspapers, novels, etc. Candidates must jot down new words and search for their meaning
 

Q:   Which topics to cover for NDA Biology?

A:

For the Biology section of NDA candidates should cover Common Epidemics, their causes and prevention, Difference between the living and non-living Food-Source of Energy for man, Basis of Life-Cells, Protoplasms and Tissues, Constituents of food, Growth, and Reproduction in Plants and Animals, Balanced Diet, Elementary knowledge of Human Body and its important organs, The Solar System-Meteors and Comets, Eclipses. Achievements of Eminent Scientists, etc. The tips and tricks to prepare the Biology section of NDA exam are given below:

Candidates need to understand the syllabus. They should figure out the important topics for the exam and prepare them accordingly

Candidates must prepare from the standard NCERT books. They can refer to the Classes 8, 9 and 10 NCERT books

Candidates must make notes while studying the chapters. Making notes will help in quick revision

Candidates must practice previous years' question papers to understand the types of questions asked in the exam

Candidates must regularly revise the topic-wise notes prepared for the exam

 

Q:   Which topics to cover for NDA Physics part?

A:
For the NDA Physics part, candidates can cover Physical Properties and States of Matter Motion of Objects, Mass, Weight, Volume, Sound Waves and their Properties, Newton's Laws of Motion of objects, Power and Energy, etc. The tips and tricks to crack the Physics section are given below: Focus on Important Topics: The Physics syllabus for the exam is very extensive and carries too many topics. Candidates must focus on topics that have the maximum weightage in the exam such as Ohm's Law, Mass, Force, and Momentum. Take a Note of Things: Candidates should focus on important definitions and formula. They should go through these notes everyday as it helps in revision Identify Your Strengths: Candidates must identify their strengths and the most important aspect of Physics is that it is not limited to sums. If candidates find the Physics sums to be tough, they should strengthen their theoretical portion Candidates should list down all the formula and solve at least 8 to 10 sums for each formula
 

Q:   Which topics to cover for the History part of NDA?

A:

Candidates for this part can refer to forces shaping the modern world, freedom movement in India, Indian Constitution and Administration, Panchayat Raj, Democracy, Socialism and Communism, etc. The tips and tricks to prepare the History section of NDA are given below:

Before starting the preparation, candidates must understand the exam pattern of NDA. This will help candidates to focus on the important topics and allot time accordingly

Candidates must check the syllabus of NDA for History and make a list of all the topics that are covered. This will help candidates to priortise their preparation

Candidates must start revising the NCERT books of Classes 6 to 12 for History

Candidates must refer to good books like India's Struggle for Independence by Bipin Chandra for history 

Candidates should practice the previous year question papers to understand the type of questions asked in the exam and identify their strong and weak areas

 

 

NDA SSB Syllabus

SSB Interview

SSB Interview is conducted in two stages. The details regarding the stages are explained below:

Stage 1

Screening Test that comprises Verbal and non-verbal tests and PPDT

Stage 2

Psychological Test comprises Thematic Apperception Test (TAT), Word Association Test (WAT), Situation Reaction Test (SRT), and Self Description Test (SD). Group Testing Officers Test comprises GD, GPE, PGT, HGT, IOT, Command Task, Snake race/Group Obstacle Race, Individual lecture and FGT. The final phase of stage 2 is Personal Interview & conference. 

NDA Syllabus for Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR)

The syllabus for OIR is given below.

Verbal Test Non – Verbal Test

Figures

Completion of Series

Analogies

Blood Relation

Figure Matrix

Shorter and Taller Problems

Locating Hidden Figure

Logical Venn Diagram

Odd one out

Jumbled Words

Classification of data

Coding-Decoding

Paper Cutting

One word Substitution

Problem on Dice

Problem on Ranks

Problem on Cubes

Interchanging 2 signs

Visualizing Patterns

Identification of letters

Spatial Ability

Reconstruction of test

Q:   What is psychological test in NDA SSB interview?

A:

The pyschological tests in NDA SSB interview comprises the following:

Thematic Apperception Test: This is similar to the picture test and is hard and intense.

Word Association Test: This is similar to a picture test, but the pictures are replaced by words

Situation Reaction Test:  In this test, candidates will be presented with some situations and then you have to write about your responses to these situations.

Self Description Test: In this test, candidates have to talk about themselves, personal life, etc.

 

Q:   Which are the tests included in Group Testing Officers Test (GTO) in NDA SSB Interview?

A:

The GTO test also has multiple steps and they are:

  • Group Discussion.

  • Group Planning.

  • Progressive Group Task.

  • Half Group Task.

  • Individual Obstacles Task.

  • Command Task.

  • Snake Race.

  • Individual Lecture.

  • Final Group Task.

 

NDA Exam Pattern 2024

NDA exam is conducted in two stages: written exam and SSB Interview. The written exam is conducted in two shifts- morning and afternoon. The written exam is divided into two parts: Mathematics and General Ability Test (GAT). The GAT is further divided into Part A-English Test and Part B- General Awareness or General Knowledge Test. A total 150 questions are asked in GAT section and 120 in Mathematics. The question paper will be available in both English and Hindi. The written exam carries a total of 900 marks. The total duration of the written exam is five hours. Candidates qualifying the written exam are called for SSB Interview. Total marks allotted to SSB Interview are 900. The structure of NDA written exam is given below.

Subject Marks Number of questions Duration of test

Mathematics

300

120

2 ½

GAT

600

150

2 ½

Total

900

270

5 hours

Also Read:

NDA Marking Scheme 

UPSC prescribes the marking scheme of NDA. As per the marking scheme, candidates will get negative marks of 1/3 for any wrong answer. No marks will be deducted if a question is left unanswered. The marking scheme of each section is given below.

Written Exams Marks for the correct answer Marks incorrect answer

Mathematics

2.5

0.83

GAT

4

1.33

Also Read: NDA Exam Pattern

Q:   What are the passing marks in NDA?

A:
Candidates are required to score a minimum of around 25 per cent marks in each subject to clear the NDA written exam. The total marks allotted to the written exam are 900. Besides the subject-wise cut off marks, the examination authority also decides overall cut off marks for different defence services. Candidates are required to secure both section-wise and overall cut off marks. To be in the final merit list, candidates are required to secure separate qualifying marks in the written exam and SSB interview.
 

Q:   What is NDA exam pattern?

A:
The written exam of NDA comprises two papers-Mathematics and General Ability Tests (GAT). The Maths paper carries 120 questions and the GAT carries 150 questions. Total marks allotted to the written exam are 900. Candidates qualifying the written exam are called for SSB interview. SSB Interview is divided into two stages. Candidates qualifying the Stage 1 are called for the Stage 2 exam. Stage 1 of the SSB Interview comprises Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) tests and Picture Perception and Description Test (PP&DT). Stage 2 comprises Group Testing Officer Tasks, Psychology Tests, and the Conference
 

Q:   What does 25% marks mean in each subject in the NDA?

A:
In the National Defence Academy NDA 25% marks in each subject means that the candidates need to secure this percentage in a particular subject. It is important to note that the exact passing marks may vary depending on certain factors. Besides the qualifying marks, candidates are also required to secure the cut off marks fixed by the examination authority for the written exam and final selection.
 

Q:   What is NDA marking scheme?

A:

NDA marking scheme is prescribed by UPSC. The marking scheme highlights the marks awarded for correct answers and marks deducted for wrong answers. In Maths 2.5 marks are awarded for correct answers and 0.83 marks are deducted for wrong answers. In GAT four marks are awarded for correct answers and 1.33 marks are deducted for the wrong answers. The score of the written exam is calculated out of 900 marks. The examination authority calculates the scores of candidates based on the marking scheme. The structure of NDA marking scheme is given below.

Sections

Marks for correct answer

NDA Negative Marking

GAT

4

1.33

Mathematics

2.5

0.83

 

Books for NDA 2024

NDA is a competitive exam to recruit candidates as Officers in the three branches of Indian Armed Forces. To crack the exam, candidates must have the right set of NDA books. These books will help candidates to clear the concepts of the topics given in the syllabus. Candidates can refer to the following books for NDA. 

Subjects  Books 
Mathematics 
  • Mathematics for NDA and NA: National Defence Academy and Naval Academy by RS Aggarwal
  • Quantitative aptitude for competitive examinations by RS Aggarwal
GAT
  • History Of Modern India (History) by Bipan Chandra
  • Science and Technology in India (Science and Technology) by Kalpana Rajaram: Spectrum
  • Objective General English for Competitive Exams by S P Bakshi
  • Manorama Yearbook by Mammen Mathew

Q:   Which are the good books for NDA Maths?

A:

The good books for NDA Maths are given below: Mathematics for NDA and NA: National Defence Academy and Naval Academy by RS Aggarwal Quantitative aptitude for competitive examinations by RS Aggarwal. The tips and tricks to prepare NDA Maths paper are given below:

  • Know the NDA exam pattern for the written exam to understand the structure of the exam
  • Candidates need to be thorough with the NDA syllabus
  • Candidates must revise thoroughly the Class 10, 11 and 12 Maths books
  • Maintain a separate notebook for the formulas and short tricks for calculation
  • Candidates must pratice the previous years' question papers to know the types of questions asked in the Maths section
  • Cover the maximum syllabus of Maths
  • Understand the basics and question difficulty level.
  • Solve mock tests to improve speed and accuracy
  • Read the right NDA Books for Maths to develop the concept and build the base
  • Make note of the scoring and important topics

 

 

Q:   Which is the best book for NDA Preparation?

A:

NDA is a competitive exam therefore to crack it candidates need to choose the right type of books. NDA books help candidates to ace the exam easily and clear the concepts of each and every topic given in the syllabus. To pass the exam, it is essential to select the right set of NDA books. The standard of the NDA syllabus is for Class 10, 11, and 12 levels. The best books for NDA exam are given below:

Best Maths Books for NDA

  • Mathematics for NDA and NA by RS Aggarwal
  • Quantitative Aptitude for Competitive Exams by RS Aggarwal

Best English Books for NDA

  • Word Power Made Easy by Norman Lewis
  • High School English Grammar and Composition by Wren & Martin
  • Objective General English by SP Bakshi

Best NDA Books for Physics

  • Objective Physics for the NDA and NA by D.C. Pandey
  • Concepts of Physics (Part 1 & Part 2) by H.C. Verma

Best NDA Books for History

  • History of Modern India by Bipan Chandra
  • India's Struggle for Independence by Bipan Chandra

Best NDA Books for Current Affairs

  • Manorama Yearbook by Mammen Mathew
  • Pratiyogita Darpan by Upkar Prakashan
 

Q:   Which are the best books for NDA SSB Interview?

A:
Cracking SSB Interview is not easy task. The difficulty level is high and candidates must have sound knowledge of their subjects to clear the interview. The best books for SSB Interview are given below: SSB Interview: The Complete Guide by Dr N. K. Natarajan SSB OIR & PPDT: Complete Guide to Stage 1 SSB Interview by DDE.
 

How to Prepare for NDA 2024 Exam?

The tips and tricks to crack NDA 2024 exam are given below:

  • Make sure you have a clear understanding of the exam format and syllabus. This will help you focus your studies and ensure that you are covering all the important topics
  • Create a study plan that includes a schedule for when you will study, what you will study, and how you will review your progress
  • Start by studying the basics of the subjects included in the exam. Make sure you have a good understanding of the key concepts and principles
  • Practicing with sample papers and previous year papers will help you get a feel for the types of questions that you will encounter in the actual exam
  • If you are struggling with any particular subject or concept, get it cleared by experts

 

Q:   How can I prepare for NDA exam?

A:

Every year thousands of candidates appear for NDA exam. With so much competition, candidates need to have a proper preparation strategy for the exam. Candidates need to be consistent with their study plans. They should devote few hours every day to study. Candidates need to be thorough with the syllabus. Candidates must revise their notes and important formulae every day. Candidates must practise mock tests and previous years' question papers to get familiar with the exam pattern and syllabus. Candidates must clear their basic concepts of each and every topic given in the syllabus. This will help candidates to solve the questions easily in the exam.

 

Q:   How to prepare for NDA exam after 12th?

A:

NDA syllabus mostly comprises the topics/subjects that candidates have studied in Class 12. The preparation for Class 12 and NDA can go hand-in-hand. Some of the preparation tips or NDA exam after 12th are given below:

  • Candidates must go through the complete subject-wise syllabus
  • Create a proper study plan and dedicate time for each subject
  • Be consistent with the study plan Refer to good NDA books
  • Candidates must review the fundamentals of each subject. They should consult the books from Classes 6 to 12
  • Candidates must read the newspaper daily to enhance their English. Additionally, candidates must practice grammar and learn new words
  • Candidates must practice the previous years' question papers to get an idea about the exam structure
 

Q:   How much time is required for NDA Exam Preparation?

A:

The ideal time required for NDA preparation is one year to six months. During the preparation phase, candidates must focus on all subjects and topics relevant to the exam. Candidates must consider solving the NDA question papers. They should also attempt mock tests to increase speed and accuracy. Candidates must be thorough with the exam pattern and syllabus. The tips and tricks to prepare for NDA exam are given below:

  • To begin with the preparation, candidates need to understand the syllabus and exam pattern
  • Candidates can clear their basic concepts of the topics from the Class 10, 11 and 12 books
  • To improve speed and accuracy, candidates can attempt mock tests
  • After completing the syllabus, candidates must practice previous years' question papers to know the types of questions asked in the exam
  • Candidates must work on improving their weak areas
 

Q:   How to prepare for NDA exam in three months?

A:

With just three months left for NDA exam, candidates must pull up their socks and start preparing for the exam dedicatedly. The competition for this exam is high and without a good preparation, it is not possible to crack it. Candidates must prepare a proper study plan and follow it diligently. Besides, candidates must solve previous years’ question papers and mock tests to get themselves familiar with the actual test and find out the strong and weak areas. 

Also Read: How to prepare for NDA 2023 in 3 months?

 

NDA Selection Process

NDA selection process comprises written exam and SSB Interview. The written exam is divided into two papers-Maths and GAT. The total marks allotted to the written exam are 900. Candidates qualifying the written exam are called for SSB Interview. The SSB interview carries 900 marks. The final selection of candidates is done based on the written exam and SSB interview. The selection of candidates is made based on the merit. Candidates need to satisfy the medical standards fixed by NDA. 

Q:   What is NDA selection process?

A:

NDA selection process comprises written exam and SSB interview. Candidates need to secure qualifying marks separately in the written exam and SSB interview. Qualified candidates will be placed in a single combined list on the basis of total marks secure in the written exam and SSB interview. Final allocation is done based on the number of vacancies, eligibility, medical fitness and merit-cum-preference of the candidates. The written exam of NDA is conducted for 900 marks. The sectional cutoff marks for the written exam is 25 per cent. The SSB interview carries 900 marks. The SSB interview is conducted in two stages. Stage 1 comprises Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) tests and Picture Perception and Description Test (PP&DT) whereas Stage 2 comprises Group Testing Officer Tasks, Psychology Tests, and the Conference.

 

Q:   What is NDA selection process for written exam?

A:
NDA selection process for written exam comprises two papers-Maths and GAT. Total marks allotted to this paper are 900. Candidates need to secure 25 per cent in each subject as qualifying marks. Besides, candidates need to clear the cut off marks fixed by UPSC for written exam. Based on the performance in the written exam, candidates are selected for SSB interview.
 

Q:   What is NDA selection process for SSB interview?

A:

The SSB procedure consists of two stage Selection process- stage I and stage II. Only those candidates who clear the stage I are permitted to appear for stage II. The details are:
(a) Stage I comprises of Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) tests are Picture Perception Description Test (PP&DT). The candidates will be shortlisted based on combination of performance in OIR Test and PP&DT
(b) Stage II Comprises of Interview, Group Testing Officer Tasks, Psychology Tests and the Conference. These tests are conducted
over four days. 
The personality of a candidate is assessed by three different assessors viz. The Interviewing Officer (IO), Group Testing Officer (GTO) and the Psychologist. There are no separate weightage for each test. The mks are allotted by assessors only after taking into consideration the performance of the candidate holistically in all the test. In addition, marks for Conference are also allotted based on the initial performance of the Candidate in the three techniques and decision of the Board. All these have equal weightage.
The various tests of IO, GTO and Psych are designed to bring out the presence/absence of Officer Like Qualities and their trainability in a candidate. Accordingly candidates are recommended or not recommended at the SSB.

 

NDA Syllabus 2024 FAQs

Candidates can check below NDA syllabus 2024 FAQs.

Q:   What is NDA exam pattern?

A:
The written exam of NDA comprises two papers-Mathematics and General Ability Tests (GAT). The Maths paper carries 120 questions and the GAT carries 150 questions. Total marks allotted to the written exam are 900. Candidates qualifying the written exam are called for SSB interview. SSB Interview is divided into two stages. Candidates qualifying the Stage 1 are called for the Stage 2 exam. Stage 1 of the SSB Interview comprises Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) tests and Picture Perception and Description Test (PP&DT). Stage 2 comprises Group Testing Officer Tasks, Psychology Tests, and the Conference
 

Q:   How can I prepare for NDA exam?

A:

Every year thousands of candidates appear for NDA exam. With so much competition, candidates need to have a proper preparation strategy for the exam. Candidates need to be consistent with their study plans. They should devote few hours every day to study. Candidates need to be thorough with the syllabus. Candidates must revise their notes and important formulae every day. Candidates must practise mock tests and previous years' question papers to get familiar with the exam pattern and syllabus. Candidates must clear their basic concepts of each and every topic given in the syllabus. This will help candidates to solve the questions easily in the exam.

 

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Answered Yesterday

For HAU entrance exam, read ncert books thoroughly and get through the previous year question paper twice or thrice . Do more question practice . The level of questions is moderate but you have to be quick as time is limited. The level of exam is easier than JEE Mains and nda

D

Diksha

Beginner-Level 1

Answered 2 days ago

Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) activated the link to fill NDA 2 application form 2024 on May 15, 2024. Interested candidates can fill the application form till June 4, 2024. To apply for NDA 2 2024 exam, candidates need to register themselves with UPSC by entering the required details. Aft

...more

A

Aman singh

Contributor-Level 10

Answered 4 days ago

The NDA written exam marks will be 900 and NDA SSB marks will be 900. So Final total marks will be 900+900 = 1800 marks. NDA considers a score between 400 and 500 marks to be a secure range and get into the final merit list. Candidates need to pass each subject with a minimum of 25% marks. However,

...more

A

Anangsha Patra

Contributor-Level 10

Answered a week ago

  1. Try to convince them.
  2. If not, study B.Tech and join the forces:

CDS exam-join OTA &IMA & navy

AFCAT exam-join AFA

V

Vaishnavi

Beginner-Level 2

Answered a week ago

You can apply for the National Defence Academy NDA if you are currently studying in 12th grade. The NDA entrance exam is open to candidates who have completed or are appearing in the 12th class or equivalent examination.

The fee to fill the NDA exam is INR 100 for general/ OBC category. However, ther

...more

S

Subhrajeet Harichandan

Contributor-Level 10

Answered 2 weeks ago

In my opinion I would suggest you to choose CBSE rather any other state board. As everyone chooses CBSE, so there will not be a problem in future.

First of all of you are aiming for NDA then choose physics and mathematics and also you should start preparing good for your English. NDA written is less

...more

A

Arun Lingamgunta

Beginner-Level 1

Answered 3 weeks ago

NDA 2 application form 2024 will be released on May 15, 2024. The last date to apply for the exam is June 4, 2024. NDA 2 application form 2024 will be released for admission to the defence courses beginning in July 2025. To apply for the exam, candidates need to register with UPSC first. After reg

...more

A

Anangsha Patra

Contributor-Level 10

Answered 3 weeks ago

NDA 2 2025 exam will be conducted on September 14, 2025. NDA 2 2025 notification will be released on May 28, 2025. The application form will be available till June 17, 2025. NDA 2 notification 2025 will be released to select candidates for admission to the Army, Navy and Air Force wings of NDA and I

...more

A

Anangsha Patra

Contributor-Level 10

Answered 3 weeks ago

NDA 1 2025 exam will be conducted on April 13, 2025. The official notification for NDA 1 2025 exam along with the application form will be released on December 11, 2024. The last date to apply for the exam is December 31, 2024.

A

Anangsha Patra

Contributor-Level 10

Answered 3 weeks ago

NDA 1 result 2024 was announced on May 9, 2024. The result was released on the official website in PDF form. The result PDF displays the roll numbers of qualified candidates. Those who qualify the written exam of NDA are called for SSB Interview. The total marks allotted to the written exam of NDA w

...more

A

Anangsha Patra

Contributor-Level 10

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