CAT Preparation Plan for Data Interpretation & Logical Reasoning

Common Admission Test 2022 ( CAT )

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Admit Card: 27 Oct '22

Parasharan
Parasharan Chari
COO, Endeavor Careers
Updated on Aug 17, 2022 18:44 IST

DI  and LR questions are clubbed together in one section in the CAT question papers. The CAT DILR questions often turn out to be moode spoilers. Check out some important tips on DILR preparation for CAT 2022 exam by MBA expert.

CAT PREP: DILR

CAT Data Interpretation (DI) and Logical Reasoning (LR) section is often a mix of easy and tough questions. Although, the total number of CAT DILR questions is the lowest among the three sections, it requires equal amount of preparation as Quantitative Aptitude and VARC or may be even more. Preparing for DILR section of CAT exam requires a separate strategy. It also helps if you have a liking for puzzles and riddles.

Data Interpretation and Logical Reasoning are clubbed together in CAT exam. Last year, the total number of DILR questions were reduced from 24 to 20. The weightage of this section will be the same in exam 2022The best source of DILR preparation for CAT are previous years’ CAT question papers and sample papers. However, the main thing to keep in mind is how and how many. In this article, we take a look at how to prepare for DILR section of CAT 2022.

In CAT 2022, some important points about this section would be:

  • The DILR will be the second section of CAT question paper
  • As per the history, DILR CAT questions will be in groups of set of three.
  • There won’t be any separate cut off for LR and DI

Though various examinations i.e. IIFT, NMAT by GMAC, XAT, SNAP have shown their inclination towards a certain variety or difficulty of questions of DI and LR, they have maintained more or less same share of the two in the test papers over last 10 years.

DILR in the past, has turned out to be the most difficult part of CAT exam. CAT DILR questions have acted as a “mood spoiler” in the test many a times. Hence, it becomes very necessary to understand this section and a CAT preparation plan.

CAT Preparation 2022: Data Interpretation

“Charts/Graphs talk more than numbers do” – It’s an accepted rule in the corporate world. Newspapers/Magazines and many other important report use charts/graphs to show data easily to its audience or reader. This justifies importance of Data Interpretation in post-MBA life.

Data Interpretation cannot be called a part of Mathematics because there is no theory, no property and no formula. It’s a skill to be acquired and not knowledge to be remembered.

Typical varieties of Data Interpretation questions for CAT exam include Tables, Line Charts, Pie Charts, Bar Charts, Mixed Charts or any other unusual but structured representation of data. One more variety which has maintained its presence in CAT DI questions and other MBA entrance tests is Caselets. These are sets of paragraphs which include numerical data in them which, generally, need to be put in a structure to be understood easily.

Also Read:

CAT Preparation Plan for QA

CAT Preparation Plan for VARC

Primarily all CAT DI questions (sets) can be classified into:

1.Calculation Based: These are sets with questions which deal with percentage increase/decrease or nominal increase/decrease. They require a good control over basic calculation and approximation.

Example: Which is the year in which ABC Ltd. has witnessed the highest percentage growth over the previous year?

2.Counting Based: These are generally large data sets in which aspirants are supposed to count the instances which meet the questions’ needs. They require patience and focus to ensure that not a single mistake happens.

Example: How many states (from the data given) have male literacy rate more than 80 per cent, and female literacy rate less than 75 per cent?

3.Logic Based: Sometimes charts prefer to give you data in ranges or with conditions where it’s not possible to find the exact data. But one can surely be asked to find a number which can be arrived at if there is a need of maximizing or minimizing the number.

Example: Maximum how many of the employees of the range 35 to 45 years would be above 40 years if average age of employees of this age group is 42 years?

4.Structure Based: These DILR questions of CAT include some specials sets.

Example: Goals of various teams in a tournament, sales-disposal data of a particular product in market etc. Such sets used to be no surprise in the era of 2004 to 2008. Share of such sets have reduced since the CAT went online. Such questions are, generally time consuming sets and hence are very unlikely to be a part of any other exams with an exception of XAT.

Try this CAT Mock Test, Powered by IMS, to assess your preparation level and time-management skill.

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Data Interpretation Preparation Plan

1.Calculation Skills: A sound control over mental calculation is a very good advantage in CAT exam. This advantage cannot be compensated by presence of onscreen calculator. Mental calculation includes Tables till 20, knowledge of Fractions from 1/1, 1/2, 1/3 till 1/20, basic Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division, etc. Develop this skill during CAT preparation.

Our Advice: Avoid the use of calculator during last three months. Strengthen your mental abilities by spending 10 minutes daily on basic operations.

2.Approximation skills and use of options: A visible difference in preparation of DI and Quantitative Aptitude is the fact that “options are a very important part of the questions”.

Typical steps of solving a DI question in CAT should follow:

Step 1: Read the question, understand the need

Step 2: Have a look at the options and understand how accurately the answer need to be found

Step 3: Now look at the charts/graphs and fetch the data required

Step 4: Try to find the correct option and not the exact answer

Let’s take an example:

Suppose a question involves finding 1234 as a percentage of 5678 with four options as shown below.

(1) 32.54%  (2) 13.67% (3) 21.73%  (4) 26.78%

Since the options have an acceptable gap, there is no need to find the exact answer. Simple approximation and elimination will do.

Answer should be very close to 12 as a % of 56. i.e. 3 as a % of 14

3/12 would produce a 25%. So the answer is less than 25%

3/15 would produce a 20%. So the answer is more than 20%

Hence, we still don’t know the exact answer but we have no doubt in marking option (c) as the correct option

Our Advice: While solving DI sets of CAT, ensure that you have a look at options before you jump into the calculation part. A sizeable practice will inculcate this habit eventually.

Regular Practice: Cracking DI and LR questions is a skill, so it demands to be a part of routine.

Our Advice: Approximately 5 hours of DI solving every week. This should be five sittings of one hour each.

Also Read:

CAT Preparation 2022: Logical Reasoning

Logical Reasoning section of CAT includes puzzles which need basic common sense + practice of variety of questions. Indeed, puzzles can be too random at times but there are some standard types of LR question types which are seen more often than others. Most important among them are the LR sets involving arrangement of data in a tabular structure.

For Example: Five people live in five different cities with five different professions and have five different hobbies.

Other important question types of LR include problems related to Directions, Blood Relation, Decision Making, Series,  Coding – Decoding, Visual Reasoning, Cubes etc.

It’s visible from CAT question papers of the last decade that CAT prefers sets in LR whereas exams like SNAP, IIFT, NMAT, XAT, MAH CET, CMAT prefer independent questions. So, the importance of question types mentioned in the above paragraph is more in exams other than CAT.

CAT 2022: DILR Topics

Venn Diagrams

Approximation and Conversion Techniques

Percentages

Number Systems

Various MBA entrance exams have shown greater inclination towards some of the types of questions:

  • NMAT prefers independent LR questions which, although not very difficult to solve, are time consuming considering the format of exam
  • MAH CET, apart from asking normal LR questions, asks unusual number of visual reasoning questions which are a rarity in other examinations
  • XAT has a section of Decision Making. Generally 50 per cent share of this section is made of LR questions
  • CMAT asks independent problems which are time consuming in nature, if not difficult
  • IIFT creates a mix of sets and independent questions
  • Apart from conventional LR questions, aspirants can expect syllogism and verbal reasoning questions as a part of LR section in some of the exams.  

Download Free DILR Question Bank for Practice

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Download Free QA Question Bank for Practice

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Download Free VARC Question Bank for Practice

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Also Read:

CAT 2021: Logical Reasoning Preparation Plan

One doesn’t need revision in LR but surely needs sufficient practice. There are two stages of LR preparation for CAT:

1.A student starts getting LR Questions correct

2.A student starts getting LR Questions correct in optimum time and with acceptable accuracy

Only practice can make an aspirant reach from first to second stage. NMAT and CMAT are known for producing time consuming LR questions which come independently instead of coming in sets. They reduce speed of the test taker in these tests. CAT produced a time consuming LR section last year. XAT does it every year. So a regular practice is the only solution.

Our Advice: Approximately 5 hours of LR solving every week. This should be 5 sittings of 1 hour each. Ensure that all major varieties are given importance while choosing material for practice.

All the Best!!

Read More:

CAT 2022 Dates

CAT 2022 Application Form

CAT 2022 Pattern

CAT 2022 Syllabus

CAT 2022 Result

CAT 2022 Cut Off

 

About the Author

Parasharan Chari is an alumnus of SPJIMR and is currently serving as the Chief Operating Officer at a popular MBA coaching institute.

 

 

 

CAT Percentile predictor prepared by Shiksha.com helps students to get their predicted CAT percentile on the basis of their expected exam score. So, predict your CAT score by clicking the link below:

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FAQs on CAT DILR Preparation

Q: How can I improve my DILR score?

A: Focus should be on accuracy over speed. Re-solve questions again and again to improve speed and accuracy. In the CAT exam, whatever you attempt, you have to get it right. So, scan the entire section and give a priority order to the sets based on your strength and weakness. Recall the number of DILR sets you’ve been getting correct in mocks, attempt that many to achieve sectional cut off.

Q: Which are the best books for CAT DILR preparation?

A: CAT Data Interpretation & Logical Reasoning by Gautam Puri, Logical Reasoning and Data Interpretation for the CAT by Nishit K. Sinha and How to Prepare for Data Interpretation for CAT by Arun Sharma are some of the best books for CAT DILR preparation.

Q: In how many months can I master DILR questions of CAT?

A: DILR CAT questions are all about practice so one must spend a considerable amount of time on this section. One an average, one can devote about three months on Data Interpretation and Logical Reasoning section of CAT.

Q: What are the main topics of DILR in CAT?

A: CAT DILR questions are asked from topics such as Tables, Graphs, Data Caselets, Blood Relation, Seating Arrangement and Syllogism. Maximum questions are asked from these topics only.

Q: What is the weightage of DILR section in CAT?

A: The DILR section of CAT 2021 had 20 questions in total. Each question carried three marks for correct attempt and minus one mark for incorrect attempt (MCQs) only. So, the total weightage of DILR section was 60. In CAT 2022, the weightage of DILR is expected to be the same.

Q: What is a good attempt in DILR section of CAT?

A: To score 99 percentile, one needs to score around 32-34 marks in this section of CAT, thus one can say out of 20 questions, 8 to 12 correct attempts will be considered good.

Q: What are the most important formulas in DILR?

A: There are no formulae to be memorized in DILR. Since the section is largely about interpretation of data with basic calculation, the candidates need to memorise Tables till 20, Square, Square Roots, Cube, Cube Roots, Fraction and basic Multiplication and Division.

Q: How can I prepare for DILR by self-study?

A: To prepare for DILR by self-study, one needs to take help from books recommended by experts and sample papers, mock tests and practice questions. The books will help in understanding the concepts while practice questions will help in understanding and mastering the application of those concepts.

Q: Is there negative marking in DILR section of CAT?

A: Yes, there is negative marking of minus one in the DILR section of CAT, but only for MCQ type questions. There is no negative marking for non-MCQ type questions.

Q: What are the best resources for DILR preparation?

A: The best resources for DILR preparation is sample papers and previous years’ CAT question papers.  Since both Data Interpretation and Logical reasoning are mainly based on interpretation and inference, one can improve those skills only by practice.  

Q: Is CAT DILR section tough?

A: Yes, DILR section of CAT usually is of higher difficulty level, with a couple of tricky or lengthy questions. The best way to tackle DILR is by practicing all variety of questions.

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About the Author
Parasharan Chari
COO, Endeavor Careers

Parasharan Chari is an alumnus of SP Jain and is currently serving as the chief operating officer at Endeavor Careers and is also associated with the design and development of its online testing portal CatGurus.com

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Which college can I get with 75 percent marks in CAT?

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Harsh Pandey

Guide-Level 12

2 days ago

At LPU the eligibility for MBA at LPU is Pass with 55% aggregate marks in Bachelors degree (any discipline) or equivalent, subject to qualifying LPU NEST or CAT or MAT or XAT or NMAT or CMAT^ and Interview. The student should have 80 Percentile or above in CAT or MAT or XAT or All India Rank upto...At LPU the eligibility for MBA at LPU is Pass with 55% aggregate marks in Bachelors degree (any discipline) or equivalent, subject to qualifying LPU NEST or CAT or MAT or XAT or NMAT or CMAT^ and Interview. The student should have 80 Percentile or above in CAT or MAT or XAT or All India Rank upto 20000 in CMAT or 230 and above score in NMAT then LPU NEST is exempted.

D

Which colleges can I get with 75 %ile in CAT?

H

Harsh Pandey

Guide-Level 12

2 days ago

At LPU the eligibility for MBA at LPU is Pass with 55% aggregate marks in Bachelors degree (any discipline) or equivalent, subject to qualifying LPU NEST or CAT or MAT or XAT or NMAT or CMAT^ and Interview. The student should have 80 Percentile or above in CAT or MAT or XAT or All India Rank upto...At LPU the eligibility for MBA at LPU is Pass with 55% aggregate marks in Bachelors degree (any discipline) or equivalent, subject to qualifying LPU NEST or CAT or MAT or XAT or NMAT or CMAT^ and Interview. The student should have 80 Percentile or above in CAT or MAT or XAT or All India Rank upto 20000 in CMAT or 230 and above score in NMAT then LPU NEST is exempted.

33446717
Utkarsh Tiwary

Beginner-Level 5

3 days ago

Here are the colleges you can get with 75 percentile:Indian Institute of Forest Management, Bhopal78+ PercentileIndian School of Mines, Dhanbad75 PercentileAmrita School of Business, Coimbatore75 PercentileJaipuria Institute of Management, Lucknow & Jaipur75 PercentileBirla Institute of Techn...Here are the colleges you can get with 75 percentile:
Indian Institute of Forest Management, Bhopal
78+ Percentile
Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad
75 Percentile
Amrita School of Business, Coimbatore
75 Percentile
Jaipuria Institute of Management, Lucknow & Jaipur
75 Percentile
Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani
75 Percentile
Kirloskar Institute of Advanced Management Studies, Harihar & Pune
75 Percentile
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International School of Textile Management, Coimbatore
75 Percentile
Vel Tech Dr. RR & Dr. SR University, Chennai
75 Percentile
Indian Institute of Health Management Research, Jaipur
75 Percentile
Christ University, Bangalore
75 Percentile
FMS, Manav Rachna University, Faridabad
75 Percentile
IBS Business School, Hyderabad
75 Percentile
National Institute of Technology, Warangal
75 Percentile
BIMTECH, Greater Noida
75 Percentile
SOIL Gurgaon - SOIL Institute of Management
70 Percentile (Minimum)

h

While filling CAT 2022 form, I followed the best of 5 marking pattern for SSC which is not correct. Can I fill the form again?

y

yash sahani

Contributor-Level 7

2 days ago

We should avoid common mistakes while filling the CAT form are:1. Not having the required documents: when applying for CAT not having your documents ready can significantly increase of chances of error. 2. Entering personal details incorrectly: Another common mistake candidates usually make it wh...We should avoid common mistakes while filling the CAT form are:
1. Not having the required documents: when applying for CAT not having your documents ready can significantly increase of chances of error.
2. Entering personal details incorrectly: Another common mistake candidates usually make it while entering their personal details.
3. Uploading unclear photograph and signature: uploading your photograph is the last step of entering your personal details in the CAT application form.

H

Harsh Rastogi

Beginner-Level 5

4 weeks ago

No, you cannot fill the form again. You should always read the instructions carefully before filling any form.

S

I have heard that UGC has given regulations for CAT eligibility that the colleges can accept CAT eligibility for the past two years. Is it?

H

Harsh Verma

Beginner-Level 5

3 days ago

An entry to the MBA world requires the candidates to appear for entrance exams of which the most popular is the CAT or Common Admission Test. The CAT Score allows the candidate to be eligible for most of the best B-Schools in India including the IIMs which hold the CAT Exam. The CAT exam eligibil...An entry to the MBA world requires the candidates to appear for entrance exams of which the most popular is the CAT or Common Admission Test. The CAT Score allows the candidate to be eligible for most of the best B-Schools in India including the IIMs which hold the CAT Exam. The CAT exam eligibility has remained more or less the same in the past years. As per the CAT notification for CAT the same criteria will be followed without any changes. Aspirants should review the criteria, given below in detail, to check if they are eligible for the exam before they begin preparing. They should understand the factors and requirements to appear for CAT 2022 to avoid disqualification at any stage of the admission process. Moreover, candidates should also identify the eligibility criteria for the B-schools separately along with the difference in the eligibility requirements for CAT and the IIM.

A

ANKIT Tiwari

Beginner-Level 5

4 days ago

The CAT score card is valid for a period of one year only. After which candidates will have to take the following years' CAT exam for admissions in respective institutes. Most of the Institutions/Universities in India accept the CAT score for admissions.

R

What percentile should I score in CAT exam to get MDI Gurgaon under defence quota?

H

Harsh Verma

Beginner-Level 5

3 days ago

Going by my own experience and of others who have a similar profile as yours, you can expect a call from MDI at about 96.5 -97 percentile. A few people from my batch had received calls at a lower percentile as well but that again varies from year to year. So all in all, 97 percentile would be a s...Going by my own experience and of others who have a similar profile as yours, you can expect a call from MDI at about 96.5 -97 percentile. A few people from my batch had received calls at a lower percentile as well but that again varies from year to year. So all in all, 97 percentile would be a safe bet.

46474621
Utkarsh Tiwary

Beginner-Level 5

3 days ago

The MDI Gurgaon is the best college which has defence quota. The percentile which is required by MDI Gurgaon under defence quota is expected as 94 percentile. It is also the best college for defence.

A

How to start preparing with CAT and IIFT?

S

Sunit Chatterjee

Beginner-Level 5

4 days ago

To start first start with your basics remember these 4 to 5 points 1) read 1 hour every day
2. Do sudoku and basics of dilr
3. Do quant from ncert if your basics are weak if it is strong then do past year paper or previous year mock
5. Give ample amount of mock and sectional test thanks.

S

I am applying for CAT 2022 and also had applied for CAT last year. Do I need to re-register or should use last year's credentials?

11624401
ANISHKA LUNAWAT

Beginner-Level 5

a week ago

Yes, you have to apply for the CAT form again from the beginning even if you have registered last year also. Since exam score is valid for only one year.

P

I have a gap year in my engineering. What should I fill in the duration of course in CAT form? Should I fill 4 or 5 years?

S

Sonima Dwivedi

Beginner-Level 5

a week ago

It will still be counted as 4 years.

S

I'm under waiting list at a rank of 64 CS and 14 (IT) in ETH category in CUSAT CAT 2022. Is there a chance to get admission with these?

S

Shubham Chakravarty

Beginner-Level 5

2 weeks ago

Authorities have prepared the rank list of CUSAT CAT 2022 on the basis of the percentile index. Percentile index is calculated by using the given formula- [ (n+1-p)/n)]x S x 100Here, n denotes the number of candidates appearing for the exam in a particular subject, p denotes the position accordin...Authorities have prepared the rank list of CUSAT CAT 2022 on the basis of the percentile index. Percentile index is calculated by using the given formula- [ (n+1-p)/n)]x S x 100
Here, n denotes the number of candidates appearing for the exam in a particular subject, p denotes the position according to the CUSAT CAT score and S denotes the actual score of the candidate. Once the percentile index is calculated, the authorities will integrate the Percentile Indices to calculate the relative position of a candidate in the CUSAT CAT rank list 2022 for a particular engineering programme.

P

I have scored 71% in 10th,64% in 12th and in UG, 70%. I belong to SC category. Can I get into FMS or not with 90 %ile in CAT?

Y

Yash Jain

Beginner-Level 5

2 weeks ago

With 90 percentile in CAT you can get admission in FMS. For SC category the criteria of FMS is between 50 to 80 percentile.

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