Difference Between Hard Skills and Soft Skills

Difference Between Hard Skills and Soft Skills

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Chanchal Aggarwal
Senior Executive Content
Updated on Oct 1, 2023 18:37 IST

Hard skills are specific, teachable, and quantifiable abilities such as coding or accounting, acquired through education and training. In contrast, soft skills encompass interpersonal and communication skills, emotional intelligence, and leadership abilities, essential for effective collaboration and problem-solving in the workplace. The primary difference lies in their tangibility and method of evaluation: hard skills are easily measurable, while soft skills are subjective and harder to quantify.


In a corporate project to expand business into a new market, the project manager conducts comprehensive market research, analyzes data, and develops a strategic entry plan. These technical skills hard skills ensure the project is feasible and potentially successful. Simultaneously, they adeptly manage a diverse team, ensuring clear communication and resolving conflicts, fostering a collaborative and productive environment which all are soft skills. In this scenario, hard skills lay the groundwork by providing concrete analysis and planning. While soft skills ensure effective execution by maintaining a harmonious and efficient team dynamic. The combination optimizes the project’s success potential. Let’s understand the difference between hard skills and soft skills.

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Table of Content

Comparative Table: Hard Skills vs Soft Skills

Aspect Hard skills Soft skills
Definition Specific, teachable abilities that can be learned through education, training, or experience. Personal habits and traits that shape how you work, on your own and with others.
Examples Programming languages, software proficiency, accounting, foreign languages, medical procedures. Communication, teamwork, leadership, problem-solving, time management, critical thinking.
How they are learned Taught in schools, universities, and vocational training programs; learned through on-the-job training and mentorship. Developed through life experiences, personal relationships, and self-reflection.
How they are used To perform specific tasks and achieve specific goals. To interact with others and create a positive and productive work environment.
Why they are important Hard skills are essential for performing many jobs and advancing in your career. Soft skills are essential for working effectively with others and achieving your professional goals.
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What is Hard Skills?

Hard skills are specific, teachable, tangible abilities or knowledge areas that can be quantifiably measured. They are gained through education, training programs, certifications, and on-the-job training. Examples of hard skills include computer programming, data analysis, machine operation, and foreign language proficiency. Professionals can often list these skills on a resume. These can be tested, proven, and validated through examinations, assessments, and practical applications.


In a business scenario involving a technology startup, hard skills such as computer programming, data analysis, and project management are crucial. Imagine the startup is developing a new software application.

  • Computer Programming: The development team applies their programming skills to write efficient and effective code, creating the backbone of the software product. Without this skill, the product cannot be built.
  • Data Analysis: As the software is tested, data analysts assess user data and feedback to identify bugs, inefficiencies, and areas for improvement. Their analysis helps refine the product, making it more user-friendly and efficient.
  • Project Management: Project managers oversee the development process, ensuring the team meets deadlines and stays within budget. They coordinate between departments, ensuring smooth communication and workflow for timely and successful product delivery.

What is Soft Skills?

Soft skills, also known as interpersonal or people skills, refer to the non-technical abilities that help individuals interact harmoniously and effectively with others. They encompass communication, emotional intelligence, teamwork, problem-solving, and adaptability. Unlike hard skills, these are not easily quantifiable but are essential for building relationships, conveying ideas, and achieving personal and organizational goals. They play a crucial role in fostering a collaborative and efficient workplace environment.


Consider a business scenario involving a cross-functional team working on a product launch in a consumer goods company.

  • Communication: Effective communication is paramount as marketing, sales, and production teams must share information clearly and promptly. Good communication ensures everyone is on the same page, preventing misunderstandings and delays.
  • Teamwork: Each department must work cohesively with the others. Teamwork ensures that diverse skills and knowledge are harnessed effectively, contributing to the product’s successful launch.
  • Problem-Solving: Unexpected issues may arise, such as supply chain delays or sudden changes in market demand. Employees with strong problem-solving abilities can quickly identify solutions, ensuring the product launch stays on track.
  • Adaptability: The team must adapt to changing circumstances, such as shifts in consumer preferences or global events impacting the market. Adaptability ensures the company can pivot effectively, meeting challenges head-on.

Key Difference Between Hard Skill and Soft Skill

  1. Definition:
    • Hard Skills: Specific, teachable, and tangible abilities or skill sets.
    • Soft Skills: Personal attributes and interpersonal skills that enhance communication and teamwork.
  2. Examples:
    • Hard Skills: Coding, data analysis, machine operation.
    • Soft Skills: Communication, leadership, teamwork.
  3. Measurability:
    • Hard Skills: Can be quantifiably measured and tested.
    • Soft Skills: Difficult to measure quantitatively.
  4. Acquisition:
    • Hard Skills: Acquired through education, training, and certification.
    • Soft Skills: Developed through experience, introspection, and interpersonal interactions.
  5. Resume Inclusion:
    • Hard Skills: Candidates frequently list these skills explicitly on a resume.
    • Soft Skills: Candidates typically imply these skills on their resumes but often demonstrate them in interviews or through provided references.
  6. Training:
    • Hard Skills: Training is often formal and structured.
    • Soft Skills: Training may be informal and unstructured.
  7. Assessment:
    • Hard Skills: Can be assessed through tests, certifications, and practical applications.
    • Soft Skills: Assessed through interactions, feedback, and behavioural observations.
  8. Application:
    • Hard Skills: Applied to specific tasks and problems.
    • Soft Skills: Applied broadly across various situations and interactions.


What are hard skills?

Hard skills are specific, teachable abilities or knowledge that are quantifiable and often job-specific. Examples include programming, data analysis, accounting, and foreign language proficiency.

What are soft skills?

Soft skills, also known as interpersonal or people skills, are non-technical skills that relate to how you work with others. Examples include communication, teamwork, adaptability, and problem-solving.

Why are hard skills important?

Hard skills are important because they are the foundation of technical competency required for a job or role, allowing individuals to perform tasks and fulfill job responsibilities effectively.

Why are soft skills important?

Soft skills are crucial because they enhance personal and professional relationships, improve teamwork, communication, and leadership, making individuals more adaptable and effective in the workplace. Both hard and soft skills are typically essential for career success.

About the Author
Chanchal Aggarwal
Senior Executive Content

Chanchal is a creative and enthusiastic content creator who enjoys writing research-driven, audience-specific and engaging content. Her curiosity for learning and exploring makes her a suitable writer for a variety ... Read Full Bio