NEET 2025 Syllabus PDF by NTA: Download Latest NEET UG Syllabus

National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test 2024 ( NEET )

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Sreetama Datta Roy

Sreetama Datta RoyManager Content

Updated on Jun 13, 2024 14:30 IST

The NEET syllabus 2025 will be released by the National Testing Agency (NTA), tentatively by the second week of February 2025, along with the information bulletin. Last year, the NEET syllabus underwent major changes. Hence, it is expected that the NEET 2025 syllabus will remain unchanged. 

The NEET syllabus 2025 PDF download will be available ahead of the NEET 2025 exam, which is expected to be conducted in the first week of May 2025. Aspirants preparing for NEET 2025 are also advised to download the NEET syllabus PDF of last year to stay abreast with the important chapters and topics for each subject of the NEET question paper, namely, Physics, Chemistry and Biology. 

The NEET 2025 syllabus will be on similar lines as that of the Class 11 and Class 12 syllabus and the topics will mostly be NCERT-based. Last year, the NEET syllabus was changed in terms of the removal and addition of certain topics and chapters from each subject,  

To download NEET new syllabus 2024 PDF, click on the link given below

Download
Note: The NEET 2025 syllabus PDF will be provided as and when released by NTA. 
The NEET 2024 exam will be reconducted on June 23, 2024, only for the 1,563 candidates who were awarded grace marks. The NEET syllabus will remain the same for the retest. The NEET result for the re-NEET 2024 will be declared on June 30, 2024.

Q:   What is the syllabus of NEET UG?

A:

NEET UG Syllabus is divided among 4 sections- Physics Chemistry Zoology Botany All these 4 sections hold same marks for the examination and all the sections have 45 questions to be attempted in 45 minds itself. From the link NEET Exam Syllabus you can check the complete syllabus and important topics for 11th and 12th for Physics, Chemistry, and Zoology & Botany. More than 75% Biology syllabus is asked from NCERT, so it is mandatory for the candidate to pay the complete attention to NCERT of class 11th and class 12th. 

 

Q:   Has there been any change in the syllabus of NEET 2025?

A:

Last year, the NEET syllabus underwent major changes as per the recommendation by the National Medical Commission (NMC).  A number of chapters and topics were removed from Physics, Chemistry and Biology subjects. On the other hand, certain topics and chapters were added and some of the topics were modified. Since such major changes were brought in to last year's NEET syllabus, chances are low that the NEET 2025 syllabus will be changed. 

NEET syllabus 2025 will be released officially by NTA along with the information bulletin for the exam, tentatively in the second week of February 2025. Hence, students preparing for NEET 2025 should start preparing, or continue their preparation based on last year's NEET syllabus. Even if some changes are introduced to the NEET 2025 syllabus, those would not be something major. 

 

Q:   Is the NEET syllabus tough?

A:
The NEET syllabus is same as that of Class 11 and Class 12 CBSE Board exam syllabi. Hence, it is not that difficult or students need not study anything additional apart from their school or Board exam studies. However, the difficulty level of the exam depends on the question types, which is generally tricky in nature, which makes the difference in the difficulty level. The best way to tackle the NEET syllabus is through revision and taking as many mock tests as possible. According to experts and previous years' NEET analysis, Physics section is the toughest followed by Chemistry and Biology. Moreover, toughness is subjective and it depends on the preparation level and aptitude of students.
 

Q:   Why was the NEET 2024 syllabus changed?

A:

The National Testing Agency (NTA), had clarified the reason behind changing the NEET 2024 syllabus. NTA stated, "Due to the COVID-19 scenario, various School Boards deleted portions of each subject's syllabus. The deleted portion is still not being taken back by these Boards. The deletions were not uniform across various boards. Hence, a number of requests were received by the NTA for the revision of the syllabus." Last year, before the NEET exam, several students and parents asked NTA to release the rationalised NEET syllabus. Since the syllabus of NEET was already released before the rationalisation took place, 

 

NEET Syllabus 2025: Subject and Chapter wise

As NEET is one of the toughest competitive exams, aspirants should have an idea about the NEET syllabus 2025 topic-wise. They should know how many questions would be asked from which topic of the particular subject, or the NEET subject-wise weightage. NEET 2025 syllabus will comprise three subjects, Chemistry, Physics, and Biology. A maximum number of questions will be asked from Biology, which will be further divided into Zoology and Botany.

A candidate needs to know the NTA new syllabus for NEET 2025 as per topics. From Physics, topics like Optics, Electrostatics, Thermodynamics, etc have high weightage while in Biology, subjects, Genetics and Evolution, and Human Physiology are high weightage topics.

NEET 2025 Subject-wise Syllabus

The following table brings the units of the NEET 2025 syllabus for each subject.

Physics

Chemistry

Biology

Physics & Measurement

Physical Chemistry

Basic Concepts of Chemistry

Diversity in Living World

Kinematics

Structure of Atom

Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants

Laws of Motion

Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

Cell Structure and Function

Work, Energy & Power

Chemical Thermodynamics

Plant Physiology

Rotational Motion

Solutions

Human Physiology

Gravitation

Equilibrium

Reproduction

Properties of Solids and Liquids

Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry

Genetics and Evolution

Thermodynamics

Chemical Kinetics

Biology and Human Welfare

Kinetic Theory of Gases

Inorganic Chemistry

Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

Biotechnology and Its Applications

Oscillations and Waves

p-Block Elements

Ecology and Environment

 

 

Electrostatics

d- and f- Block Elements

Current Electricity

Coordination Compounds

Magnetic Effects of Current & Magnetism

Organic Chemistry

Purification and Characterisation of Organic Compounds

Electromagnetic Inductions & Alternating Currents

Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry

Electromagnetic Waves

Hydrocarbons

Optics

Organic Compounds Containing Halogens

Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen

Atoms and Nuclei

Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen

Electronic Devices

Biomolecules

Experimental Skills

Principles Related to Practical Chemistry

Also Read: 

Q:   What are the important chapters of the NEET syllabus?

A:

All the chapters are important for NEET 2025. However, the most number of questions are asked from the following chapters of the syllabus of NEET.

Physics:

  • Laws of Motion of System of Practices and Rigid Body
  • Current Electricity Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
  • Semiconductor Electronics
  • Thermodynamics

Chemistry:

  • Chemical Bonding
  • p-block
  • Coordination Compounds
  • General Organic Chemistry
  • Aromatic Compounds
  • Mole Concepts
  • Thermodynamics
  • Equilibrium

Botany

  • Genetics and Evolution
  • Ecology and Environment
  • Plant Physiology

Zoology

  • Human Physiology
  • Human Reproduction and Reproductive Health
  • Animal Kingdom, Origin & Evolution.

Students must note that these are a handful of important topics for the NEET 2025 syllabus and they should not restrict their preparation to these topics only, and be prepared for all the other chapters and topics carrying a high weightage in the NEET question paper based on past years' exam analysis. 

 

Q:   I am a PCB class 11th and preparing for NEET. Is Maths compulsory to qualify for NEET?

A:

Maths is not compulsory for NEET you have numerical in Physics but you do not required Maths to solve them. If you had the background of Maths in class 10 then you can solve the numericals in Physics. Infact you are being a PCB I highly recommend you to don't choose Maths because it is very tough and involve a lot of Maths. So then why you need again in NEET. So you can. Choose Maths as a optional subject why because you are already having PCB in your 11 class. So I think Maths is not compulsory subject for NEET. As you are PCB you can solve those basic mathematics questions with you knowledge. Hope this information helps you.

 

Q:   I take too much time in covering topics and it takes my whole day to complete revision. How do I proceed to prepare for NEET?

A:
Make a study schedule for NEET giving Biology Physics and Chemistry equal weight. Consistency is key; it is preferable to study for the same number of hours on both days rather than studying all night one day and resting the next. Take into account your optimal study times. Plan your schedule taking into account your strengths and how your energy changes throughout the day. Make a list of the topics you want to cover this week and work towards achieving your daily or weekly goals. If you are unable to stick to your schedule, identify the problem, make a strategy to address it, and try again. If any subject or topic requires more time than provided, or if a test is scheduled for the next day, your schedule should allow for flexibility. Be dependable. The most crucial ability you need to pass NEET is daily study. Get your work done on time. You shouldn't put anything off. Avoid using social media and other distractions as much as possible.
 

Explore subject-wise topics asked in NEET

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NEET Biology Syllabus 2025

Let us take a look at the major topics from the NEET Biology syllabus and the class-wise distribution of subjects alongside weightages assigned to those. 

Unit I: Diversity in Living World

  • What is living?; Biodiversity; Need for classification; Taxonomy & Systematics; Concept of species and taxonomical hierarchy; Binomial nomenclature.

  • Five kingdom classifications; salient features and classification of Monera; Protista and Fungi into major groups; Lichens; Viruses and Viroids.

  • Salient features and classification of plants into major groups - Algae, Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms (three to five salient and distinguishing features and at least two examples of each category);.

  • Salient features and classification of animals-nonchordate up to phyla level and chordate up to classes level (three to five salient features and at least two examples)

Unit II: Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants

  • Morphology and modifications; Tissues; Anatomy and functions of different parts of flowering plants: Root, stem, leaf, inflorescence- cymose and recemose, flower, fruit and seed (To be dealt along with the relevant practical of the Practical Syllabus). Family (malvaceae, Cruciferae, leguminoceae, compositae, graminae).

  • Animal tissues; Morphology, anatomy and functions of different systems (digestive, circulatory, respiratory, nervous and reproductive) of an insect (frog). (Brief account only)

Unit III: Cell Structure and Function

  • Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life; Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell; Plant cell and animal cell; Cell envelope, cell membrane, cell wall; Cell organelles-structure and function; Endomembrane system-endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi bodies, lysosomes, vacuoles; mitochondria, ribosomes, plastids, microbodies; Cytoskeleton, cilia, flagella, centrioles (ultra structure and function); Nucleus-nuclear membrane, chromatin, nucleolus.

  • Chemical constituents of living cells: Biomolecules-structure and function of proteins, carbodydrates, lipids, nucleic acids; Enzymes-types, properties, enzyme action, classification and nomenclature of enzymes.

  • B Cell division: Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis and their significance.

Unit IV: Plant Physiology

  • Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis as a means of Autotrophic nutrition; Site of photosynthesis take place; pigments involved in Photosynthesis (Elementary idea); Photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis; Cyclic and non-cyclic and photophosphorylation; Chemiosmotic hypothesis; Photorespiration C3 and C4 pathways; Factors affecting photosynthesis.
  • Respiration: Exchange gases; Cellular respiration-glycolysis, fermentation (anaerobic), TCA cycle and electron transport system (aerobic); Energy relations- Number of ATP molecules generated; Amphibolic pathways; Respiratory quotient.

  • Plant growth and development: Seed germination; Phases of Plant growth and plant growth rate; Conditions of growth; Differentiation, dedifferentiation and redifferentiation; Sequence of developmental process in a plant cell; Growth regulators-auxin, gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, ABA.

Unit V: Human physiology

  • Breathing and Respiration: Respiratory organs in animals (recall only); Respiratory system in humans; Mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans-Exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration Respiratory volumes; Disorders related to respiration-Asthma, Emphysema, Occupational respiratory disorders.

  • Body fluids and circulation: Composition of blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood; Composition of lymph and its function; Human circulatory system-Structure of human heart and blood vessels; Cardiac cycle, cardiac output, ECG, Double circulation; Regulation of cardiac activity; Disorders of circulatory system-Hypertension, Coronary artery disease, Angina pectoris, Heart failure.

  • Excretory products and their elimination: Modes of excretion- Ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism; Human excretory system-structure and function; Urine formation, Osmoregulation; Regulation of kidney function-Renin-angiotensin, Atrial Natriuretic Factor, ADH and Diabetes insipidus; Role of other organs in excretion; Disorders; Uraemia, Renal failure, Renal calculi, Nephritis; Dialysis and artificial kidney.

  • Locomotion and Movement: Types of movement- ciliary, fiagellar, muscular; Skeletal muscle-contractile proteins and muscle contraction; Skeletal system and its functions (To be dealt with the relevant practical of Practical syllabus); Joints; Disorders of muscular and skeletal system-Myasthenia gravis, Tetany, Muscular dystrophy, Arthritis, Osteoporosis, Gout.

  • Neural control and coordination: Neuron and nerves; Nervous system in human central nervous system, peripheral nervous system and visceral nervous system; Generation and conduction of nerve impulse; Reflex action; Sense organs; Elementary structure and function of eye and ear.

  • Chemical coordination and regulation: Endocrine glands and hormones; Human endocrine system Hypothalamus, Pituitary, Pineal, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Adrenal, Pancreas, Gonads; Mechanism of hormone action (Elementary Idea); Role of hormones as messengers and regulators, Hypo-and hyperactivity and related disorders (Common disorders e.g. Dwarfism, Acromegaly, Cretinism, goiter, exopthalmic goiter, diabetes, Addison’s disease). (Imp: Diseases and disorders mentioned above to be dealt in brief.)

Unit VI: Reproduction

  • Sexual reproduction in flowering plants: Flower structure; Development of male and female gametophytes; Pollination-types, agencies and examples; Outbreeding devices; Pollen-Pistil interaction; Double fertilization; Post fertilization events- Development of endosperm and embryo, Development of seed and formation of fruit; Special modes-apomixis, parthenocarpy, polyembryony; Significance of seed and fruit formation.

  • Human Reproduction: Male and female reproductive systems; Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary; Gametogenesis-spermatogenesis & oogenesis; Menstrual cycle; Fertilisation, embryo development upto blastocyst formation, implantation; Pregnancy and placenta formation (Elementary idea); Parturition (Elementary idea); Lactation (Elementary idea).

  • Reproductive health: Need for reproductive health and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STD); Birth control - Need and Methods, Contraception and Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP); Amniocentesis; Infertility and assisted reproductive technologies – IVF, ZIFT, GIFT (Elementary idea for general awareness)

Unit VII: Genetics and Evolution

  • Heredity and variation: Mendelian Inheritance; Deviations from Mendelism- Incomplete dominance, Co-dominance, Multiple alleles and Inheritance of blood groups, Pleiotropy; Elementary idea of polygenic inheritance; Chromosome theory of inheritance; Chromosomes and genes; Sex determination-In humans, birds, honey bee; Linkage and crossing over; Sex linked inheritance-Haemophilia, Colour blindness; Mendelian disorders in humans-Thalassemia; Chromosomal disorders in humans; Down’s syndrome, Turner’s and Klinefelter’s syndromes.

  • Molecular basis of Inheritance: Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic material; Structure of DNA and RNA; DNA packaging; DNA replication; Central dogma; Transcription, genetic code, translation; Gene expression and regulation- Lac Operon; Genome and human genome project; DNA finger printing, protein biosynthesis. 

  • Evolution: Origin of life; Biological evolution and evidences for biological evolution from Paleontology, comparative anatomy, embryology and molecular evidence); Darwin’s contribution, Modern Synthetic theory of Evolution; Mechanism of evolution-Variation (Mutation and Recombination) and Natural Selection with examples, types of natural selection; Gene flow and genetic drift; Hardy-Weinberg’s principle; Adaptive Radiation; Human evolution.

Unit VIII: Biology and Human Welfare

  • Health and Disease; Pathogens; parasites causing human diseases (Malaria, Filariasis, Ascariasis. Typhoid, Pneumonia, common cold, amoebiasis, ring worm); Basic concepts of immunology-vaccines; Cancer, HIV and AIDS; Adolescence, drug and alcohol abuse, Tobacco abuse.

  • Improvement in food production; Plant breeding, tissue culture, single cell protein, Biofortification; Apiculture and Animal husbandry.

  • Microbes in human welfare: In household food processing, industrial production, sewage treatment, energy generation and as biocontrol agents and biofertilizers.

Unit IX: Biotechnology and Its Applications

  • Principles and process of Biotechnology: Genetic engineering (Recombinant DNA technology).

  • Application of Biotechnology in Health and Agriculture: Human insulin and vaccine production, gene therapy; Genetically modified organisms-Bt crops; Transgenic Animals; Biosafety issuesBiopiracy and patents.

Unit X: Ecology and Environment

  • Organisms and environment: Population interactions-mutualism, competition, predation, parasitism; Population attributes-growth, birth rate and death rate, age distribution.

  • Ecosystem: Patterns, components; productivity and decomposition; Energy flow; Pyramids of number, biomass, energy.

  • Biodiversity and its conservation: Concept of Biodiversity; Patterns of Biodiversity; Importance of Biodiversity; Loss of Biodiversity; Biodiversity conservation; Hotspots, endangered organisms, extinction, Red Data Book, biosphere reserves, National parks and sanctuaries, Sacred Groves.

  • Environmental issues: Air pollution and its control; Water pollution and its control; Agrochemicals and their effects; Solid waste management; Radioactive waste management; Greenhouse effect and global warning; Ozone depletion; Deforestation; Any three case studies as success stories addressing environmental issues.

Also Read: NEET Biology Syllabus: PDF Download With Weightage

NEET Biology Topic-wise Questions

Analysing the topic-wise weightages of the Biology section, Shiksha is bringing topic-wise questions asked in the previous years' NEET question papers which they can practice from. Some of the important topics include Cell Cycle and Cell Division, Microbes in Human Welfare, Reproduction in Organisms, Human Reproduction, Biological Classification and Living World. Candidates can download the question paper PDFs from the below table.

NEET Questions on Cell Cycle and Cell Division NEET Questions on Microbes in Human Welfare
NEET Questions on Reproduction in Organism NEET Questions on Human Reproduction
NEET Questions on Biological Classification NEET Questions on Living World
Human Physiology NEET Questions

Best books for NEET Biology

Some of the best books for NEET Biology preparation are as follows:

  1. 40 Days Biology for NEET by S Chakravarty
  2. Exploring Biology (Vol 1 & 2) by Sanjay Sharma & Sudhakar Banerjee (Arihant Publications)
  3. GR Bathla publications for Biology
  4. Medical Entrances Biology (Vol 1, 2 & 3) by Mamta R Solanki & Lalita Ghotik (Target Publications)
  5. Moderns ABC of Biology for XI & XII (B B Arora and A K Sabharwal - Modern Publishers)
  6. Objective Biology (Vol 1, 2 & 3), Dinesh Publications
  7. Objective Botany by Ansari
  8. Pradeep’s Publication Biology
  9. Trueman’s Objective Biology for NEET by M P Tyagi

Also Read:

Q:   What is the Biology syllabus for NEET?

A:

The Biology syllabus for NEET has undergone changes based on the recommendations by the National Medical Commission (NMC). Although earlier the NEET syllabus for Biology was categorised into Class 11 and Class 12 syllabus, it has now been merged. The units of the NEET 2024 Biology syllabus is given below. 

Unit I: Diversity in Living World

Unit II: Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants

Unit III: Cell Structure and Function

Unit IV: Plant Physiology

Unit V: Human Physiology

Unit VI: Reproduction

Unit VII: Genetics and Evolution

Unit VIII: Biology and Human Welfare

Unit IX: Biotechnology and Its Applications

Unit X: Ecology and Environment

 

Q:   What is the distribution of questions in the Biology section of the NEET 2025 syllabus?

A:

The Biology section of NEET is divided into two sub-sections: Zoology and Botany. Each of these sections will have 50 questions, out of which candidates will have to attempt 45 questions. The total number of questions on Biology in the NEET question paper will be 90. The topics and chapters from Zoology and Botany subjects will be equally distributed. Among the three subjects, Biology has the highest weightage in NEET syllabus. Based on the last year's NEET analysis, the important topics of Botany and Zoology along with their weightages are given in the below table.

BotanyNumber of Questions
Cell Biology - Introduction, Prokaryotic Cell5
Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants - Sexual Reproduction Introduction 4
Application Biology (Biotechnology) - Principles of Biotechnology4
Plant Physiology-II-Photosynthesis In Higher Plants - Introduction (Early experiments), site of photosynthesis and photosynthetic pigments4
Genetics II - Nucleic Acids (The Generic Material, DNA, RNA)4
ZoologyNumber of Questions
Cell Biology - Introduction, Prokaryotic Cell4
Animal Kingdom-1 - Porifera4
Human Reproduction and Reproductive Health - Male Reproductive System6
 

Q:   Which chapters carry high weightage in NEET Biology section?

A:

Some of the chapters of Biology, which are given a high weightage, are listed below:

  • Animal Kingdom
  • Molecular Basis of Inheritance
  • Morphology of Floweing Plants
  • Sexual Reproduction in Floweing Plants
  • Principles of Inheritance and Variation
  • Chemical Coordination and Integration
  • Biomolecules

The table below brings the chapter-wise weightage of NEET Biology section. 

Name of the chapter

Number of questions asked (Approx.)

Weightage in Per Cent

Anatomy of Flowering Plants

0-1

2

Animal Kingdom

2

7

Biodiversity and Conservation

1

3

Biological Classification

0-1

2

Biomolecules

1

4

Biotechnology and its Applications

1

3

Biotechnology: Principles and Processes

1

3

Body Fluids and Circulation

0-1

1

Breathing and Exchange of Gases

0-1

2

Cell Cycle and Cell Division

0-1

2

Cell: The Unit of Life, Biomolecules

0-1

2

Chemical Coordination and Integration

1

4

Digestion and Absorption

1

3

Ecosystem

0-1

2

Environmental Issues

0-1

2

Evolution

0-1

2

Excretory Products and their Elimination

0-1

2

Human Health and Disease

1

3

Human Reproduction

1

3

Locomotion and Movement

0-1

2

Microbes in Human Welfare

0-1

2

Mineral Nutrition

0-1

1

Molecular Basis of Inheritance

2

6

Morphology of Flowering Plants

1

5

Neural Control and Coordination

0-1

2

Organisms and Populations

0-1

2

Photosynthesis in Higher Plants

0-1

2

Plant Growth and Development

0-1

1

Plant Kingdom

1

4

Principles and Inheritance and Variation

1

5

Reproduction in Organisms

0-1

1

Reproductive Health

0-1

2

Respiration in Plants

0-1

1

Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants

1

5

Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production

0-1

2

Structural Organisation in Animals

0-1

2

The Living World

0-1

2

Transport in Plants

0-1

1

Total

90

100

 

Q:   Which topics were removed from the Biology subject of the NEET 2024 syllabus?

A:

The National Medical Commission (NMC) had revised the NEET 2024 syllabus. As compared to the previous years' syllabus, some of the topics were removed from each of the three subjects, Physics, Chemistry and Biology.  In the Biology subject, chapters have been removed in around six units. The following table brings the list of chapters and topics along with the units, which were removed in the NEET 2024 syllabus. 

Units

Chapters/Topics

Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants

Animal tissues; Morphology, anatomy and functions of different systems (digestive, circulatory, respiratory, nervous and reproductive) of an insect (Frog). (Brief account only)

Plant Physiology

·         Transport in plants: Movement of water, gases and nutrients; Cell to cell transport-Diffusion, facilitated diffusion, active transport; Plant – water relations – Imbibition, water potential, osmosis, plasmolysis; Long distance transport of water – Absorption, apoplast, symplast, transpiration pull, root pressure and guttation; Transpiration-Opening and closing of stomata; Uptake and translocation of mineral nutrients-Transport of food, phloem transport, Mass flow hypothesis; Diffusion of gases (brief mention).

·         Mineral nutrition: Essential minerals, macro and micronutrients and their role; Deficiency symptoms; Mineral toxicity; Elementary idea of Hydroponics as a method to study mineral nutrition; Nitrogen metabolism-Nitrogen cycle, biological nitrogen fixation.

Human Physiology

Digestion and absorption; Alimentary canal and digestive glands; Role of digestive enzymes and gastrointestinal hormones; Peristalsis, digestion, absorption and assimilation of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; Caloric value of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; Egestion; Nutritional and digestive disorders – PEM, indigestion, constipation, vomiting, jaundice, diarrhoea.

Reproduction

Reproduction in organisms: Reproduction, a characteristic feature of all organisms for continuation of species; Modes of reproduction – Asexual and sexual; Asexual reproduction; Modes-Binary fission, sporulation, budding, gemmule, fragmentation; vegetative propagation in plants.

Biology and Human Welfare

Improvement in food production; Plant breeding, tissue culture, single cell protein, Biofortification; Apiculture and Animal husbandry.

Ecology and Environment

Organisms and environment: Habitat and niche; Population and ecological adaptations

Ecosystem Patterns: Nutrient cycling (carbon and phosphorous); Ecological succession; Ecological Services fixation, pollination, oxygen release.

Biodiversity and its conservation: Sacred Groves.

Environmental issues: Air pollution and its control; Water pollution and its control; Agrochemicals and their effects; Solid waste management; Radioactive waste management; Greenhouse effect and global warning; Ozone depletion; Deforestation; Any three case studies as success stories addressing environmental issues.

Also Read: NEET Biology Syllabus with Chapter-wise Weightage

 

NEET Physics Syllabus 2025

NEET 2025 Physics syllabus comprises topics from both Class 11 and Class 12. Candidates need to prepare all the topics of Physics thoroughly to score good marks in the exam. NEET syllabus for Physics has 20 topics in total. Candidates are advised to plan the preparation as per the topic-wise weightage. Take a look at the detailed Physics syllabus for NEET 2025 below.

Unit I: Physics and Measurement

  • Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units. errors in measurement; significant figures.

  • Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis, and its applications.

Unit II: Kinematics

The frame of reference, motion in a straight line. Position- time graph. speed and velocity: Uniform and non-uniform motion. average speed and instantaneous velocity. Uniformly accelerated motion. velocity-time, position-time graph, relations for uniformly accelerated motion- Scalars and Vectors. Vector. Addition and subtraction, scalar and vector products. Unit Vector. Resolution of a Vector. Relative Velocity. Motion in a plane, Projectile Motion. Uniform Circular Motion.

Unit III: Laws of Motion

Force and inertia, Newton's First Law of Motion: Momentum, Newton’s Second Law of Motion, Impulses: Newton's Third Law of Motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications. Equilibrium of concurrent forces.

Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction. rolling friction.

Dynamics of uniform circular motion: centripetal force and its applications: vehicle on a level circular road. vehicle on a banked road.

Unit IV: Work, Energy and Power

Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic and potential energies. work-energy theorem, power.

The potential energy of spring conservation of mechanical energy. conservative and non-conservative forces; motion in a vertical circle: Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.

Unit V: Rotational Motion

Centre of the mass of a two-particle system, Centre of the mass of a rigid body: Basic concepts of rotational motion; moment of a force; torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications.

The moment of inertia, the radius of gyration, values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems. and their applications. Equilibrium of rigid bodies. rigid body rotation and equations of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions.

Unit VI: Gravitation

The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth. Kepler's law oi planetary motion. Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity, Motion of a satellite, orbital velocity, time period and energy of satellite.

Unit VII: Properties of Solids and Liquids

Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke's Law. Young's modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity. Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal's law and its applications. Effect of gravity on fluid pressure.

Viscosity. Stokes' law. terminal velocity, streamline, and turbulent flow. Critical velocity Bemoulli's principle and its applications.

Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure across a curved surface, application of surface tension - drops, bubbles, and capillary rise. Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; specific heat capacity, calorimetry; change of state, latent heat. Heat transfer-conduction, convection, and radiation.

Unit VIII: Thermodynamics

Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, the concept of temperature. Heat, work, and internal energy. The first law of thermodynamics, isothermal and adiabatic processes.

The second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes.

Unit IX: Kinetic Theory of Gases

Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas, Kinetic theory of gases - assumptions, the concept of pressure. Kinetic interpretation of temperature: RMS speed of gas molecules: Degrees of freedom. Law of equipartition of energy and applications to specific heat capacities of gases; Mean free path. Avogadro's number.

Unit X: Oscillations and Waves

Oscillations and periodic motion - time period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase: oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force constant: energy in S.H.M. - Kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum - derivation of expression for its time period:

Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of travelling wave. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves. Standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics- Beats.

Unit XI: Electrostatics

Electric charges: Conservation of charge. Coulomb's law forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges: superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.

Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines. Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole. Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.

Electric flux' Gauss's law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet, and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges; potential difference, Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field.

conductors and insulators. Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and capacitances, the combination of capacitors in series and parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates. Energy stored in a capacitor.

Unit XII: Current Electricity

Electric current. Drift velocity, mobility and their relation with electric current. Ohm’s law. Electrical resistance. V-l characteristics of Ohmic and non-ohmic conductors. Electrical energy and power' Electrical resistivity and conductivity. Series and parallel combinations of resistors; Temperature dependence of resistance.

Internal resistance, potential difference and emf of a cell, a combination of cells in series and parallel. Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications. Wheatstone bridge. Metre Bridge.

Unit XIII: Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

Biot - Savart law and its application to the current carrying circular loop. Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields.

Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. The force between two parallel currents carrying conductors-definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in a uniform magnetic field: Moving coil galvanometer, its sensitivity, and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.

Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid. magnetic field lines; Magnetic field due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) among its axis and perpendicular to its axis. Torque on a magnetic dipole in a uniform magnetic field. Para dia and ferromagnetic substances with examples, effect of temperature on magnetic properties.

Unit XIV: Electromagnetic Induction And Alternating Currents

Electromagnetic induction: Faraday's law. Induced emf and current: Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance. Alternating currents, peak and RMS value of alternating current/voltage: reactance and impedance: LCR series circuit, resonance: power in AC circuits, wattless current. AC generator and transformer.

Unit XV: Electromagnetic Waves

Displacement current. Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics, Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves, Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet. X-rays. Gamma rays), Applications of e.m. waves.

Unit XVI: Optics

Reflection of light, spherical minors, mirror formula. Refraction of right at plane and spherical surfaces, thin lens formula and lens maker formula. Total internal reflection and its applications.

Magnification. Power of a Lens. Combination of thin lenses in contact. Refraction of light through a prism. Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.

Wave optics: wave front and Huygens' principle. Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens principle. Interference, Young's double-slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources, and sustained interference of light. Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum. Polarization, plane-polarized light: Brewster's law, uses of plane-polarized light and Polaroid.

Unit XVII: Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

Dual nature of radiation. Photoelectric effect. Hertz and Lenard's observations; Einstein's photoelectric equation: particle nature of light. Matter waves-wave nature of particle, de Broglie relation.

Unit XVIII: Atoms and Nuclei

Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford's model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels' hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission, and fusion.

Unit XIX: Electronic Devices

Semiconductors; semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED. the photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Logic gates (OR. AND. NOT. NAND and NOR).

Unit XX: Experimental Skills

Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities:

  1. Vernier calipers - its use to measure the internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel.
  2. Screw gauge-its use to determine thickness/diameter of thin sheet/wire.
  3. Simple pendulum-dissipation of energy by plotting a graph between the square of amplitude and time.
  4. Metre Scale - the mass of a given object by the principle of moments.
  5. Young's modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire.
  6. Surface tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents.
  7. Co-efficient of Viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body.
  8. Speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube.
  9. Specific heat capacity of a given (i) solid and (ii) liquid by method of mixtures.
  10. The resistivity of the material of a given wire using a metre bridge.
  11. The resistance of a given wire using Ohm's law.
  12. Resistance and figure of merit of a galvanometer by half deflection method.
  13. The focal length of;

(i) Convex mirror

(ii) Concave mirror, and

(iii) Convex lens, using the parallax method.

  1. The plot of the angle of deviation vs angle of incidence for a triangular prism.
  2. Refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling microscope.
  3. Characteristic curves of a p-n junction diode in forward and reverse bias.
  4. Characteristic curves of a Zener diode and finding reverse breakdown voltage.
  5. Identification of Diode. LED,. Resistor. A capacitor from a mixed collection of such item

Also Read:

Best books for NEET Physics

Some of the best books for NEET Physics preparation are as follows:

  1. 40 Days Physics for NEET by S B Tripathi
  2. Concepts of Competition Physics for CBSE PMT by Agarwal
  3. Concepts of Physics by H C Verma
  4. Fundamental Physics by Pradeep
  5. Fundamentals of Physics by Halliday, Resnick, and Walker
  6. NCERT Physics by Anil Aggarwal
  7. Objective Physics By DC Pandey
  8. Objective Physics by Prof. Satya Prakash Arya (MTG Publishers)
  9. Physics for NEET by C P Singh
  10. Problems in General Physics by I E Irodov

Also Read:

Q:   What is the Physics syllabus for NEET?

A:

The Physics syllabus of NEET consists of Class 11 and Class 12 units and chapters. The latest syllabus by the National Medical Commission (NMC) has reduced some chapters and added a few. Unlike previous years, there is no segregation of syllabus according to Class 11 and Class 12. The list of units for NEET 2024 Physics syllabus is given below.

Unit I: Physics and Measurement

Unit II: Kinematics

Unit III: Laws of Motion

Unit IV: Work, Energy and Power

Unit V: Rotational Motion

Unit VI: Gravitation

Unit VII: Properties of Solids and Liquids

Unit VIII: Thermodynamics

Unit IX: Kinetic Theory of Gases

Unit X: Oscillations and Waves

Unit XI: Electrostatics

Unit XII: Current Electricty

Unit XIII: Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

Unit XIV: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

Unit XV: Electromagnetic Waves

Unit XVI: Optics

Unit XVII: Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

Unit XVIII: Atoms and Nuclei

Unit XIX: Electronic Devices

Unit XX: Experimental Skills

Also Read: NEET UG 2024 Physics-Class 11 Syllabus

NEET UG 2024 Physics-Class 12 syllabus

 

Q:   Which chapters of class 11th belong to mechanics in physics?

A:

Mechanics portion in class 11th is huge. The chapters are:

  1. Laws of Motion
  2. Motion in plane
  3. Work Energy
  4. Rotational Dynamics
  5. Gravitation
  6. Mechanical properties of Solids and Fluids.
 

Q:   Which chapters are important for scoring 120+ in physics in NEET?

A:
Hi the important chapters are 1. Motion of System Of Particles and Rigid Body 2. Properties of bulk matter 3. Oscillations and Waves 4. Electrostatics 5. Current Electricity 6. Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents 7. Optics 8. Electronic devices These are the most and must read chapters and have to be studied relatively 1. Gravitation 2. Physical World and Measurement 3. Atoms and Nuclei 4. Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation 5. Work, Energy & Power 6. Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory 7. Electromagnetic Waves
 

Q:   Which chapters carry a high weightage in NEET Physics syllabus?

A:

The chapters carrying high weightage in the NEET Physics syllabus are as follows:

  • Thermodynamcs
  • Current Electricity
  • Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
  • Electromagnetic Waves
  • Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits

The following table brings the chapter-wise weightage of NEET Physics syllabus based on previous year's analysis.

Name of the chapter

Number of questions asked (Approx.)

Weightage in percent

Alternating current

1

4

Atoms

0-1

1.5

Current electricity

2

8

Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

2

6

Electric Charges and Fields

1

4.5

Electromagnetic induction

1

4

Electromagnetic waves

1

5

Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance

1

4.5

Gravitation

0-1

2

Kinetic theory

1

3

Laws of Motion

1

3

Magnetism and Matter

1

2.5

Mechanical Properties of Fluids

0-1

2

Mechanical Properties of Solids

0-1

2

Motion in a Plane

0-1

1.5

Motion in a Straight Line

0-1

1.5

Moving Charges and Magnetism

1

2.5

Nuclei

0-1

1.5

Oscillations

0-1

1.5

Physical World, Units and Measurements

0-1

2

Ray optics and optical instruments

1

5

Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits

2

6

System of Particles and Rotational Motion

1

5

Thermal Properties of Matter

0-1

2

Thermodynamics

2

9

Wave optics

1

5

Waves

0-1

1.5

Work, Energy and Power

1

4

 Total

45

100

Also Read: NEET Physics Syllabus with Chapter-wise Weightage

 

NEET Chemistry Syllabus 2025

NEET Chemistry syllabus 2025 is divided into three sections, Physical Chemistry, Organic Chemistry and Inorganic Chemistry. The detailed syllabus with topics is given below.

Physical Chemistry Syllabus for NEET

There are a total of eight units under the Physical Chemistry section. The unit-wise chapters and topics are given below.

Unit I: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

Matter and its nature, Dalton's atomic theory: Concept of atom, molecule, element. and compound. Laws of chemical combination; Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept, molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formulae: Chemical equations and
stoichiometry.

Unit II: Atomic Structure

Nature of electromagnetic radiation, photoelectric effect; Spectrum of the hydrogen atom. Bohr model of a hydrogen atom - its postulates, derivation of the relations for the energy of the electron and radii of the different orbits, limitations of Bohr's model; Dual nature of matter, de Broglie's relationship. Heisenberg uncertainty principle. Elementary ideas of quantum mechanics, quantum mechanics, the quantum mechanical model of the atom, its important features. Concept of atomic orbitals as one-electron wave functions: Variation of  Ψ and  Ψ 2 with r for 1s and 2s orbitals: various quantum numbers (principal, angular momentum, and magnetic quantum numbers) and their significance; shapes of s, p, and d - orbitals, electron spin and spin quantum number: Rules for filling electrons in orbits - Aufbau principle. Pauli's exclusion principle and Hund's rule, electronic configuration of elements, extra stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals.

Unit III: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

Kossel-Lewis approach to chemical bond formation, the concept of ionic and covalent bonds.

Ionic Bonding: Formation of ionic bonds, factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds; calculation of lattice enthalpy.

Covalent Bonding: Concept of electronegativity. Fajan's rule, dipole moment: Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) theory and shapes of simple molecules.
Quantum mechanical approach to covalent bonding: Valence bond theory - its important features. the concept of hybridization involving s, p, and d orbitals; Resonance.
Molecular orbital Theory - Its important features. LCAOs, types of molecular orbitals (bonding, antibonding), sigma and pi-bonds, molecular orbital electronic configurations of homonuclear diatomic molecules, the concept of bond order, bond length, and bond energy. 
Elementary idea of metallic bonding. Hydrogen bonding and its applications.

Unit IV: Chemical Thermodynamics

Fundamentals of thermodynamics: System and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties' state functions, types of processes. 

The first law of thermodynamics - Concept of work, heat internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity, molar heat capacity; Hess's law of constant heat summation; Enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion' formation, atomization. sublimation. phase transition, hydration. ionization. and solution.

The second raw of thermodynamics - Spontaneity of processes: AS of the universe and AC of the system as criteria for spontaneity. Standard Gibbs energy change and equilibrium constant.

Unit V: Solutions

Different methods for expressing the concentration of solution - molality, molarity, mole fraction. percentage (by volume and mass both), the vapour pressure of solutions and Raoult's law - Ideal and. non-ideal solutions, vapour pressure - composition, plots for ideal and non-ideal solutions: colligative properties of dilute solutions - a relative lowering of vapour pressure, depression of freezing point, the elevation of.boiling point and osmotic pressure; Determination of molecular mass using colligative properties; Abnormal value of molar mass, Van't Hoff Factor and its significance.

Unit VI: Equilibrium 

Meaning of equilibrium, the concept of dynamic equilibrium.

Equilibria involving physical processes: Solid-liquid, liquid - gas and solid-gas equilibria, Henry's law. General characteristics of equilibrium involving physical processes.

Equilibrium involving chemical processes: Law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and their significance, the significance of  ΔG and  ΔG° in chemical equilibrium, factors affecting equilibrium concentration, pressure, temperature, the effect of catalyst; Le Chatelier's principle.

Ionic equilibrium: weak. and strong electrolytes, ionization of electrolytes, various concepts of acids and bases (Arrhenius and Bronsted - Lowry and Lewis) and their ionization, acid-base equilibria (including multistage ionization) and ionization constants, ionization of water. PH scale, common ion effect, hydrolysis of salts and PH of their solutions, the solubility of sparingly soluble salts and solubility products, buffer solutions. 

Unit VII: Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry

Electronic concepts of oxidation-reduction, redox reactions, oxidation numbers, rules for assigning oxidation numbers, and balancing of redox reactions.

Electrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance in electrolytic solutions, molar conductivities and their variation with concentration, Kohlrausch's law and its applications.

Electrochemical Cells - Electrolytic and Galvanic cells, different types of electrodes, electrode potentials including standard electrode potential, half-cell and cell reactions, emf of a Galvanic cell and its measurement: Nernst equation and its applications; Relationship between cell potential and Gibbs' energy change: Dry cell and lead accumulator; Fuel cells.

Unit VIII: Chemical Kinetics

Rate of a chemical reaction, factors affecting the rate of reactions: concentration, temperature, pressure, 'and catalyst; elementary and complex reactions, order and molecularity of reactions, rate law, rate constants and its units, differential and integral forms of zero and first-order reactions, their characteristics and half lives, the effect of temperature on the rate of reactions, Arrhenius theory, activation energy and its calculation, collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation). 

Inorganic Chemistry Syllabus for NEET

This section has four units. 

Unit IX: Classification in Elements and Periodicity in Properties

Modern periodic law and present form of periodic table, s, p, d and f block elements, periodic trends in properties of elements atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states, and chemical reactivity. 

Unit X: P-Block Elements

Group 13 to Group 18 Elements

General Introduction: Electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements across the periods and down the groups; unique behaviour of the first element in each group. 

Unit XI: d and f Block Elements

Transition Elements

General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics, general trends in properties, of the first row transition elements - physical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, atomic radii, colour, catalytic behaviour, magnetic properties, complex formation, interstitial compounds, alloy formation; Preparation, properties and uses of K2Cr207 and KMn04.

Inner Transition Elements

Lanthanoids - Electronic configuration, oxidation states, and lanthanoid contraction.

Actinoids - Electronic configuration and oxidation states. 

Unit XII: Co-ordination Compounds

Introduction to coordination compounds.Wemer's theory; ligands, coordination number. denticity. chelation; IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism: Bonding-Valence bond approach and basic ideas of Crystal field theory, colour and magnetic properties; importance of co-ordination compounds (in qualitative analysis. extraction of metals and in biological systems).

Organic Chemistry Syllabus for NEET

This part has the highest number of units, which is eight. Let us take a look at the Organic Chemistry syllabus for NEET. 

Unit XIII: Purification and Characterisation of Organic Compounds

Purification - Crystallization. sublimation, distillation, differential extraction, chromatography - principles and their applications.

Qualitative analysis - Detection of nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus and halogens.

Quantitative analysis (basic principles only) - Estimation of carbon. hydrogen. nitrogen. halogens. sulphur. phosphorus.

Calculations of empirical formulae and molecular formulae: Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis.

Unit XIV: Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry

Tetravalency of carbon: Shapes of simple molecules - hybridization (s and p): crassification of organic compounds based on functional groups: and those containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur; Homologous series: Isomerism - structural and stereoisomerism.

Nomenclature (Trivial and IUPAC)

Covalent bond fission - Homolytic and heterolytic: free radicals. carbocations. and carbanions: stability of carbocations and free radicals. electrophiles. and nucleophiles.

Electronic displacement in a covalent bond

Inductive effect, electromeric effect. resonance and hyperconjugation.

Common types of organic reactions- Substitution. addition. elimination, and rearrangement.

Unit XV: Hydrocarbons

Classification, isomerism. IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties, and reactions.

Alkanes - Conformations: Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane): Mechanism of halogenation of alkanes, projections (of ethane).

Alkenes - Geometrical isomerism: Mechanism of electrophilic addition: addition of hydrogen. halogens, water. hydrogen halides (Markownikoffs and peroxide effect): Ozonolysis and polymerization.

Alkynes - Acidic character: Addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, and hydrogen halides: Polymerization.

Aromatic hydrocarbons - Nomenclature. benzene - structure and aromaticity: Mechanism of substitution: halogenation, nitration.

Friedel-Craft's alkylation and acylation, directive influence of the functional group in mono-substituted benzene.

Unit XVI: Organic Compounds Containing Halogen

General methods of preparation, properties, and reactions; Nature of C-X bond: Mechanisms of substitution reactions.

Uses; Environmental effects of chloroform, iodoform freons, and DDT.

Unit XVII: Organic Compound Containing Oxygen

General methods of preparation, properties, reactions, and uses.

Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

Alcohols: Identification of primary, secondary, and tertiary alcohols: mechanism of dehydration.

Phenols: Acidic nature, electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation. nitration and sulphonation. Reimer - Tiemann reaction.

Ethers: Structure.

Aldehyde and Ketones: Nature of carbonyl group; Nucleophilic addition to >C=O group, relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones; Important reactions such as - Nucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN. NH3 and its derivatives), Grignard reagent; oxidation: reduction (Wolf Kishner and Clemmensen); the acidity of α-hydrogen. aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction. Haloform reaction, Chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and Ketones.

Carboxylic Acids

Acidic strength and factors affecting it.

Unit XVIII: Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen

General methods of preparation. Properties, reactions, and uses.

Amines: Nomenclature, classification structure, basic character, and identification of primary, secondary, and tertiary amines and their basic character.

Diazonium Salts: Importance in Synthetic Organic Chemistry.

Unit XIX: Biomolecules

General introduction and importance of biomolecules.

CARBOHYDRATES - classification; aldoses and ketoses: monosaccharides (glucose and fructose) and constituent monosaccharides of oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, and maltose)

PROTEINS.Elementary Idea of α-amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides.Proteins: primary. secondary, tertiary, and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins enzymes.

VITAMINS - Classification and functions

NUCLEIC ACIDS - Chemical constitution of DNA and RNA

Biological functions of nucleic acids

Hormones (General Introduction)

Unit XX: Principles Related to Practical Chemistry

Detection of extra elements (Nitrogen, sulphur, halogens), in organic compounds; Detection of the following functional group, hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketones) carboxyl, and amino groups in organic compounds.

  • The chemistry involved in the preparation of the following:

Inorganic compounds: Mohr's salt. potash alum

Organic compounds: Acetanilide. p-nitro acetanilide, aniline yellow, iodoform

  • The chemistry involved in the titrimetric exercises - Acids. bases and the use of indicators. oxalic-acid vs KMnO4. Mohr's salt vs KMnO4
  • Chemical principles involved in the qualitative salt analysis

Cations

Anions

Chemical principles involved in the following experiments:

1. Enthalpy of solution of CuSO4

2. Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid and strong base

3. Preparation of lyophilic and lyophobic sols

4. Kinetic study of the reaction of iodide ions with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature. 

Also Read:

Best books for NEET Chemistry

Some of the best books for NEET Chemistry preparation are as follows:

  1. 40 Days Chemistry for NEET by Sudhanshu Thakur
  2. Boyd for Organic Chemistry
  3. Concise Inorganic Chemistry by J D Lee
  4. Modern’s ABC of Chemistry (Part 1 & 2)
  5. Objective Chemistry (Volume I, II & III)
  6. Objective Chemistry by R K Gupta
  7. Organic Chemistry by Himanshu Pandey (GRB Publication)
  8. Organic Chemistry by Morrison
  9. Physical Chemistry by OP Tandon (G R Bathla Publications)
  10. Practice books
  • Inorganic Chemistry – V K Jaiswal
  • Organic Chemistry – M S Chauhan
  • Physical Chemistry - N Awasthi

Also Read:

Q:   Can you tell me the weightage of each Chemistry chapter?

A:

For Class 11th Chemistry: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry (8-9%) Structure of Atom (5-6%) Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties (5-6%) Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure (12-13%) States of Matter: Gases and Liquids (6-7%) Thermodynamics (8-9%) Equilibrium (6-7%) Redox Reactions (5-6%) Hydrogen (3-4%) s-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals) (8-9%) Some p-Block Elements (Boron, Carbon, Nitrogen and Oxygen Family) (8-9%) For Class 12th Chemistry: Solid State (2-3%) Solutions (5-6%) Electrochemistry (7-8%) Chemical Kinetics (4-5%) Surface Chemistry (2-3%) General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements (3-4%) p-Block Elements (Group 15 to 18) (8-9%) d- and f-Block Elements (Transition Elements and Lanthanides and Actinides) (6-7%) Coordination Compounds (9-10%) Haloalkanes and Haloarenes (4-5%) Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers (8-9%) Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids (7-8%) Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen (8-9%) Biomolecules (4-5%) Polymers (3-4%) Chemistry in Everyday Life (2-3%) this may vary as per the which you are going to take so it is better for you, to look in the previous question papers and prepare according to that.

The following table brings the topics from the Chemistry section in NEET along with their weightage. 

Name of the chapter

Number of Questions asked (Approx.)

Weightage in percent

Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

2

4

Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

2

4

Bio-Molecules

1

3

Chemical bonding

2

5

Chemical Kinetics

1

3

Chemistry in everyday life

1

2

Coordination Chemistry

4

9

d-and f-block elements

2

4

Electrochemistry

1

2

Environmental Chemistry

1

2

Equilibrium

3

6

General Principles and Process of Isolation elements

1

2

Halo alkanes and Haloarenes; Amines

1

3

Hydrocarbons

1

3

Hydrogen

1

3

N containing Organic Compounds

1

3

Organic chemistry some basic principles and techniques - 1

1

2

Organic chemistry some basic principles and techniques - 2

1

2

p-block elements(13 14)

2

3.5

p-block elements(15 16 17 18)

2

3.5

Periodic table

1

2

Polymers

1

3

Redox reactions

1

3

s-block elements

1

2

Solutions

2

5

States of Matter

1

2

Structure of Atom

1

2

Surface Chemistry

1

2

The Solid State

1

2

Thermodynamics

4

8

Total

45

100

 

Q:   What is the distribution of questions in the Chemistry section of the NEET syllabus 2025?

A:

The Chemistry section of NEET is divided into three sub-sections: Physical, Organic and Inorganic. The least number of questions are from Physical Chemistry. Inorganic and Organic Chemistry chapters have almost similar weightage. In terms of the ratio of Class 11 and Class 12 syllabus of NEET the latter has a higher weightage. The total number of questions asked from the Chemistry section will be 50, out of which 45 questions have to be attempted. The topics carrying high weightage in NEET based on last year's analysis are given in the table below.

NEET Chemistry TopicsNumber of Questions
Organic Chemistry18
Inorganic Chemistry17
Physical Chemistry15
 

Q:   What is the Chemistry syllabus for NEET?

A:

The NEET Chemistry syllabus is segragated into Organic, Inorganic and Physical Chemistry chapters. The units covered in these three areas are given below.

Physical Chemistry

Unit I: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

Unit II: Atomic Structure

Unit III: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

Unit IV: Chemical Thermodynamics

Unit V: Solutions

Unit VI: Equilibrium

Unit VII: Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry

Unit VIII: Chemical Kinetics

Inorganic Chemistry

Unit IX: Classification in Elements and Periodicity in Properties

Unit X: p-Block Elements

Unit XI: d and f Block Elements

Unit XII: Coordination Compounds

Organic Chemistry

Unit XIII: Purification and Charactisation of Organic Compounds

Unit XIV: Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry

Unit XV: Hydrocarbons

Unit XVI: Organic Compounds Containing Halogens

Unit XVII: Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen

Unit XIX: Biomolecules

Unit XX: Principles Related to Practical Chemistry

Also Read: NEET Chemistry Syllabus With Chapter-wise Weightage

 

Q:   Important chapters in Chemistry for NEET?

A:
Although every chapter of Chemistry is important if you are going to give the NEET exam there are some chapters that you need to focus more upon. Here is the list Thermodynamics Solutions Alcohol, phenol, and ether Equilibrium Chemical Bonding and Molecular structure Electrochemistry Chemical Kinetics Coordination Compounds Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids S, P, D, and F Block Elements Hydrocarbons Atomic structure I recommend you to see the past year's paper analysis and then see the weightage of every chapter.
 

NEET 2025 Exam Pattern

The structure of the NEET question paper had changed in the past two years. According to the latest NEET exam pattern, each subject consists of two sections. Section A will consist of 35 questions and Section B will have 15 questions. Out of these 15 Questions, candidates can choose to attempt any 10 Questions. So, the total number of questions remained the same. The duration of the exam has increased by 20 minutes and the total duration is 200 minutes or 3 hours and 20 minutes. The table below brings the NEET question pattern or the exam structure.

Sections Number of Questions Total Marks
Physics Section A 35 140
Physics Section B 15 40
Chemistry Section A 35 140
Chemistry Section B 15 40
Botany Section A 35 140
Botany Section B 15 40
Zoology Section A 35 140
Zoology Section B 15 40

NEET 2025 Marking Scheme

The table below brings the marking scheme of NEET 2025.

Response Type

Marks awarded

Correct answer

+4

Incorrect answer

-1

Question with more than one response

-1

Unanswered question

0

Extra attempted question

0

Q:   What is the exam pattern of NEET?

A:
NEET or National Eligibility cum Entrance Test is a paper-pencil based test (PBT) of 3 hours and 20 minutes duration. There are a total of 200 multiple-choice questions (MCQs), out of which 180 questions have to be attempted. The syllabus of the exam consists of Physics Chemistry and Biology subjects. The Biology subject is segregated between Zoology and Botany. Each subject will be divided into two sections, Section A and Section B. Section A carries 35 questions and Section B carries 15 questions. While all 35 questions can be attempted in Section A, in Section B, 10 questions out of 15 have to be attempted. Each question carries four answer options and the correct option has to be marked on the OMR sheet. According to the marking scheme, each correct question carries 4 marks and there is a negative marking of 1 mark for each wrong answer. No marks will be awarded or deducted for unattempted or extra attempted questions.
 

Q:   How much time will I get to solve each section of NEET 2025?

A:

Candidates will get 3 hours and 20 minutes to solve the entire question paper of NEET. They can divide the time between the NEET subjects or sections as per their convenience. There is no sectional time limit in the NEET exam pattern. According to the experts, candidates should keep around one hour for each subject and 20 minutes for revision. Candidates must prepare a fool proof time management strategy while taking mock tests. They must follow different approaches and then finalise on the most convenient one.

 

Q:   Will the NEET 2025 exam pattern change?

A:

The NEET 2025 exam pattern will be announced by NTA in the information brochure, which wll be released tentatively in the second week of February 2025. For the last two years, the exam pattern of NEET has remained the same. Hence, it is expected that the NEET 2025 exam pattern will also remain the same as last year. The NEET exam pattern had undergone changes previously in terms of structure and duration. The continuation of the same exam pattern of NEET will bring a sense of relief among students as they will not require changing their preparation strategy or look for new practice papers. Moreover, the previous years' NEET question papers would suffice for preparation and practice purposes.

 

Which Chapters were Removed in NEET 2024 Syllabus?

As per the NTA NEET syllabus 2024, certain chapters were removed in each subject, Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Here we bring the list of chapters removed in the NEET syllabus 2024 or the reduced syllabus of NEET 2024.

List of Chapters and Topics Removed in NEET Physics Syllabus

Here we bring the list of chapters and topics removed from the NEET Physics syllabus from Class 11. 

Unit I: Physical-world and Measurement

  • Physics: Scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; Physics, technology, and society.
  • Need for measurement: Length, mass, and time measurements; accuracy and precision of measuring instruments.

Unit II: Kinematics

Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion. Scalar and vector quantities: Position and displacement vectors, general vectors, general vectors and notation, equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors. Relative velocity.

Unit III: Laws of Motion

Lubrication (under the Equilibrium of Concurrent Forces chapter)

Unit V: Rotational Motion

Momentum conservation, and centre of mass motion.

Unit VI: Gravitation

Geostationary satellites.

Unit VII: Properties of Bulk Matter/Properties of Solids and Liquids

  • Shear, Poisson’s ratio; elastic energy. Reynold’s number,  Anomalous expansion. Specific heat capacity: Cp, Cv- calorimetry; change of state – latent heat. Qualitative ideas of Black Body Radiation, Wein’s displacement law, and Green House effect.
  • Newton’s law of cooling and Stefan’s law.

Unit VIII: Thermodynamics

Heat engines and refrigerators.

Unit X: Oscillations and Waves

  • Free, forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance.
  • Doppler effect

Here we bring the list of chapters and topics removed from the NEET Physics syllabus of Class 12.

Unit I: Electrostatics

 Van de Graaff generator.

Unit II: Current Electricity

  • The flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, Carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors; Potentiometer-principle and applications to measure potential difference, and for comparing emf of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell.

Unit III: Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment.  Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron. bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements. Electromagnetic and factors affecting their strengths. Permanent magnets

Unit IV: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), 

Unit VI: Optics

  • Reflection and refraction of plane waves at a plane surface using wavefronts.
  • Scattering of light-blue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset.
  • Optical instruments: Human eye, image formation and accommodation, correction of eye defects (myopia and hypermetropia) using lenses.
  • Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.

Unit VII: Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

Davisson-Germer experiment (experimental details should be omitted; only the conclusion should be explained).

Unit VIII: Atoms and Nuclei

Isotopes, isobars; isotones. Radioactivity- alpha, beta and gamma particles/ rays and their properties decay law. 

Unit IX: Electronic Devices

Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), conductors, insulators,  Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. 

List of Chapters Removed in NEET Chemistry Syllabus

Here we bring the list of chapters removed from the NEET Chemistry syllabus from Class 11 and Class 12 or the NEET 2024 deleted syllabus in the Chemistry subject.

The following chapters/topics denote the NEET 2024 deleted syllabus of Class 11.

Unit I: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

General Introduction: Important and scope of chemistry.

Unit II: Structure of Atom

Atomic number, isotopes and isobars, Concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light.

Unit V: States of Matter: Gases and Liquids

  • Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points, role of gas laws of elucidating the concept of the molecule, Boyle’s law, Charle’s law, Gay Lussac’s law, Avogadro’s law, ideal behaviour of gases, empirical derivation of gas equation. Avogadro number, ideal gas equation. Kinetic energy and molecular speeds (elementary idea), deviation from ideal behaviour, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature.
  • Liquid State- Vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension (qualitative idea only, no mathematical derivations).

Unit IX: Hydrogen

Occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen; hydrides ionic, covalent and interstitial; physical and chemical properties of water, heavy water; hydrogen peroxide preparation, reactions, uses and structure.

Unit X: s-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals)

Group I and Group 2 elements:
• General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationship, trends in the variation of properties (such as ionization enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii), trends in chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and halogens; uses.
• Preparation and Properties of Some important Compounds:
• Sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogen carbonate, biological importance of sodium and potassium.
• Industrial use of lime and limestone, biological importance of Mg and Ca.

Unit XI: Some p-Block Elements

Important compounds of silicon and a few uses: silicon tetrachloride, silicones, silicates and zeolites, their uses.

UNIT XIII: Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen

Cyanides and Isocyanides- will be mentioned at relevant places.

UNIT XIV: Environmental Chemistry

Environmental pollution: Air, water and soil pollution, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smogs, major atmospheric pollutants; acid rain ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of the ozone layer, greenhouse effect and global warming-pollution due to industrial wastes; green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, strategy for control of environmental pollution.

The following chapters/topics denote the NEET 2024 deleted syllabus of Class 12.

Unit I: Solid State

Classification of solids based on different binding forces; molecular, ionic covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea), unit cell in two-dimensional and three-dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, packing efficiency, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties, Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and insulators.

Unit V: Surface Chemistry

Adsorption-physisorption and chemisorption; factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids, catalysis homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity: enzyme catalysis; colloidal state: distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspensions; lyophilic, lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation; emulsions- types of emulsions.

UNIT XV: Polymers

Classification- Natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation), copolymerization. Some important polymers: natural and synthetic like polyesters, bakelite; rubber, Biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers.

UNIT XVI: Chemistry in Everyday Life

• Chemicals in medicines- analgesics, tranquillizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines.
• Chemicals in food- preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants.
• Cleansing agents- soaps and detergents, cleansing action.

List of Chapters Removed in NEET Biology Syllabus

Here we bring the list of chapters which were removed from the NEET Biology syllabus from Class 11. 

Unit I: Diversity in Living World

  • What is Living: Three domains of life; Concept of species and taxonomical hierarchy; Tools for study of Taxonomy – Museums, Zoos, Herbaria, Botanical gardens.
  • Angiosperms classification up to class, characteristic features and examples.

Unit II: Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants

Animal tissues; Morphology, anatomy and functions of different systems (digestive, circulatory, respiratory, nervous and reproductive) of an insect (Frog). (Brief account only)

Unit IV: Plant Physiology

  • Transport in plants: Movement of water, gases and nutrients; Cell to cell transport-Diffusion, facilitated diffusion, active transport; Plant – water relations – Imbibition, water potential, osmosis, plasmolysis; Long distance transport of water – Absorption, apoplast, symplast, transpiration pull, root pressure and guttation; Transpiration-Opening and closing of stomata; Uptake and translocation of mineral nutrients-Transport of food, phloem transport, Mass flow hypothesis; Diffusion of gases (brief mention).
  • Mineral nutrition: Essential minerals, macro and micronutrients and their role; Deficiency symptoms; Mineral toxicity; Elementary idea of Hydroponics as a method to study mineral nutrition; Nitrogen metabolism-Nitrogen cycle, biological nitrogen fixation.
  • Plant growth and development: Seed dormancy; Vernalisation; Photoperiodism.

Unit V: Human Physiology

  • Digestion and absorption; Alimentary canal and digestive glands; Role of digestive enzymes and gastrointestinal hormones; Peristalsis, digestion, absorption and assimilation of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; Caloric value of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; Egestion; Nutritional and digestive disorders – PEM, indigestion, constipation, vomiting, jaundice, diarrhoea.
  • Neural control and coordination: Reflex action; Sense organs; Elementary structure and function of eye and ear.

Here we bring the chapters and topics NEET 2024 deleted syllabus from Class 12 Biology.

Unit I: Reproduction

Reproduction in organisms: Reproduction, a characteristic feature of all organisms for continuation of species; Modes of reproduction – Asexual and sexual; Asexual reproduction; Modes-Binary fission, sporulation, budding, gemmule, fragmentation; vegetative propagation in plants.

Unit III: Biology and Human Welfare

Improvement in food production; Plant breeding, tissue culture, single cell protein, Biofortification; Apiculture and Animal husbandry.

Unit V: Ecology and Environment

Organisms and environment: Habitat and niche; Population and ecological adaptations

Ecosystem Patterns: Nutrient cycling (carbon and phosphorous); Ecological succession; Ecological Services fixation, pollination, oxygen release.

Environmental issues: Air pollution and its control; Water pollution and its control; Agrochemicals and their effects; Solid waste management; Radioactive waste management; Greenhouse effect and global warning; Ozone depletion; Deforestation; Any three case studies as success stories addressing environmental issues.

Addition of New Chapters in NEET Syllabus 2024

Along with the reduction of the NEET 2024 syllabus, there are some chapters or topics in each subject, which have been added. Here, we bring the topics or chapters which have been added to the NEET syllabus 2024

List of New Chapters Added in NEET Physics Syllabus

Following are the topics and chapters added to the NEET Physics syllabus of Class 11.

Unit II: Kinematics

Resolution of Vector

Unit VI: Gravitation

Motion of a satellite, time period and energy of a satellite

Unit VII: Properties of Bulk Matter/Properties of Solids and Liquids

Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal's law and its applications. Effect of gravity on fluid pressure.

Unit IX: Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory

RMS speed of gas molecules: Degrees of freedom. Avogadro's number.

Following are the topics in the Physics syllabus of Class 12 which have been added this year.

Unit III: Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

Effect of temperature on magnetic properties.

Unit VII: Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

Dual nature of radiation.

Unit XX: Experimental Skills

Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities:

1. Vemier callipers are used to measure the internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel.

2. Screw gauge-its use to determine the thickness diameter of a thin sheet/wire.

3. Simple pendulum-dissipation of energy by plotting a graph between the square of amplitude and time.

4. Metre Scale - the mass of a given object by the principle of moments.

5. Young's modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire.

6. Surface tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents.

7. Co-efficient of Viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring the terminal velocity of a given spherical body.

8. Speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube.

9. Specific heat capacity of a given (i) solid and (ii) liquid by method of mixtures.

10. The resistivity of the material of a given wire using a metre bridge.

11. The resistance of a given wire using Ohm's law.

12. Resistance and figure of merit of a galvanometer by half deflection method.

13. The focal length of;

(i) Convex mirror

(ii) Concave mirror, and

(iii) Convex lens, using the parallax method.

14. The plot of the angle of deviation vs angle of incidence for a triangular prism.

15. Refractive index of a glass slab using a travelling microscope.

16. Characteristic curves of a p-n junction diode in forward and reverse bias.

17. Characteristic curves of a Zener diode and finding reverse breakdown voltage.

18. Identification of Diode. LED,. Resistor. A capacitor from a mixed collection of such item

List of New Chapters Added in NEET Chemistry Syllabus

The following chapters have been added to the NEET Chemistry syllabus.

Unit II: Structure of Atom

Bohr model of a hydrogen atom - its postulates, derivation of the relations for the energy of the electron and radii of the different orbits, limitations of Bohr's model.

Unit IV: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

  • Kossel-Lewis approach to chemical bond formation, the concept of ionic and covalent bonds.
  • Elementary idea of metallic bonding.
  • Fajan's rule.

Unit: Chemical Thermodynamics

Fundamentals of thermodynamics: System and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties' state functions, types of processes. 

The first law of thermodynamics - Concept of work, heat internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity, molar heat capacity; Hess's law of constant heat summation; Enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion' formation, atomization. sublimation. phase transition, hydration. ionization. and solution.

The second raw of thermodynamics - Spontaneity of processes: AS of the universe and AC of the system as criteria for spontaneity. Standard Gibbs energy change and equilibrium constant.

Unit VII: Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry

Electrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance and their in electrolytic solutions, molar conductivities variation with concentration: Kohlrausch's law and its applications.

Electrochemical cells - Electrolytic and Galvanic cells, different types of electrodes, electrode potentials including standard electrode potential, half-cell and cell reactions, emf of a Galvanic Cell and its measurement: Nernst equation and its applications, Relationship between cell potential and Gibbs' energy change: Dry cell and lead accumulator, Fuel cells. 

Unit IV: Chemical Kinetics

Pressure, collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation).

Unit VIII: d and f Block Elements

Transition Elements

Unit XIII: Purification and Characterisation of Organic Compounds

Purification - Crystallization. sublimation, distillation, differential extraction, chromatography - principles and their applications.

Qualitative analysis - Detection of nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus and halogens.

Quantitative analysis (basic principles only) - Estimation of carbon. hydrogen. nitrogen. halogens. sulphur. phosphorus.

Calculations of empirical formulae and molecular formulae: Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis.

Unit XIII: Hydrocarbons

Classification of isomerism. IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties, and reactions.

Unit: Organic Compounds Containing Halogen

General methods of preparation, properties, and reactions; Nature of C-X bond: Mechanisms of substitution reactions.

Uses; Environmental effects of chloroform, iodoform freons, and DDT.

Unit: Principles Related to Practical Chemistry

Detection of extra elements (Nitrogen, sulphur, halogens), in organic compounds; Detection of the following functional group, hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketones) carboxyl, and amino groups in organic compounds.

  • The chemistry involved in the preparation of the following:

Inorganic compounds: Mohr's salt. potash alum

Organic compounds: Acetanilide. p-nitro acetanilide, aniline yellow, iodoform

  • The chemistry involved in the titrimetric exercises - Acids. bases and the use of indicators. oxalic-acid vs KMnO4. Mohr's salt vs KMnO4

Chemical principles involved in the qualitative salt analysis

Cations
Anions

Chemical principles involved in the following experiments:

1. Enthalpy of solution of CuSO4

2. Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid and strong base

3. Preparation of lyophilic and lyophobic sols

4. Kinetic study of the reaction of iodide ions with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature.

List of New Chapters Added in NEET Biology Syllabus

The following chapters or topics have been added to NEET Biology syllabus 2024.

Unit II: Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants

Family (malvaceae, Cruciferae, leguminoceae, compositae, graminae)'

Unit VII: Genetics and Evolution

Molecular basis of inheritance: Protein biosynthesis

Unit VIII: Biology and Human Welfare

Health and Disease: Pathogens; parasites causing human diseases (dengue, chikungunya), Tobacco abuse

Unit X: Ecology and Environment

Biodiversity and its conservation: Sacred Groves.

Q:   Which topics have been removed from the Physics subject of the NEET 2024 syllabus?

A:

The National Medical Commission (NMC) has released the NEET 2024 syllabus. As compared to the previous years' syllabus, some of the topics have been removed from each of the three subjects, Physics, Chemistry and Biology. In the Physics subject, chapters or topics have been removed from as many as 16 units. 

The following table brings the topics which have been removed along with their unit names.

UnitsTopics
Physical World and Measurement
  • Physics: Scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; Physics, technology, and society.
  • Need for measurement: Length, mass, and time measurements; accuracy and precision of measuring instruments.
KinematicsElementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion. Scalar and vector quantities: Position and displacement vectors, general vectors, general vectors and notation, equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors. Relative velocity.

Laws of Motion

Lubrication (under the Equilibrium of Concurrent Forces chapter)

Rotational Motion

Momentum conservation, and centre of mass motion.

Gravitation

Geostationary satellites.

Properties of Bulk Matter/Properties of Solids and Liquids

  • Shear, poisson’s ratio; elastic energy.  Reynold’s number,  Anomalous expansion. Specific heat capacity: Cp, Cv- calorimetry; change of state – latent heat. Qualitative ideas of Black Body Radiation, Wein’s displacement law, and Green House effect.
  • Newton’s law of cooling and Stefan’s law.

Thermodynamics

Heat engines and refrigerators.

Oscillations and Waves

  • Free, forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance.
  • Doppler effect

Electrosatics

 Van de Graaff generator

Current Electricity

  • The flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, Carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors; Potentiometer-principle and applications to measure potential difference, and for comparing emf of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell.

Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment.  Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron. bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements. Electromagnetic and factors affecting their strengths. Permanent magnets

Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only)

 Optics

  • Reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wavefronts.
  • Scattering of light- blue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset.
  • Optical instruments: Human eye, image formation and accommodation, correction of eye defects (myopia and hypermetropia) using lenses.
  • Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.

Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

Davisson-Germer experiment (experimental details should be omitted; only conclusion should be explained).

Atoms and Nuclei

Isotopes, isobars; isotones. Radioactivity- alpha, beta and gamma particles/ rays and their properties decay law. 

Electronic Devices

Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), conductors, insulators,  Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. 

Also Read: 

NEET Physics Syllabus with Chapter-wise Weightage

NEET UG 2024 Physics-Class 11 Syllabus

NEET UG 2024 Physics-Class 12 syllabus

 

Q:   Which chapters have been added to the NEET 2024 syllabus?

A:

National Medical Commission (NMC) has revised the NEET UG 2024 syllabus. Certain chapters or topics have been added to each of the subjects, Physics, Chemistry and Biology. The list of chapters added to each of these subjects are given below. 

Physics

The following chapters have been added to Physics. 

Kinematics - Resolution of Vectors

Gravitation - Motion of a satellite, time period and energy of a satellite

Properties of Bulk Matter/Properties of Solids and Liquids - Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal's Law and its applications, Effects of Gravity and Fluid Pressure

Behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory - RMS speed of gas molecules: Degrees of freedom. Avogadro's number.

Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism - Effect of temperature on Magnetic Properties

Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation - Dual Nature of Radiation

Experimental Skills

Chemistry

The following topics have been added to the NEET 2024 Chemistry syllabus. 

Structure of Atom - Bohr model of a hydrogen atom - its postulates, derivation of the relations for the energy of the electron and radii of the different orbits, limitations of Bohr's model.

Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure - 

  • Kossel - Lewis approach to chemical bond formation, the concept of ionic and covalent bonds.
  • Elementary idea of metallic bonding.
  • Fajan's rule.

Chemical Thermodynamics - Fundamentals of thermodynamics: System and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties' state functions, types of processes. 

The first law of thermodynamics - Concept of work, heat internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity, molar heat capacity; Hess's law of constant heat summation; Enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion' formation, atomization. sublimation. phase transition, hydration. ionization. and solution.

The second raw of thermodynamics - Spontaneity of processes: AS ofthe universe and AC of the system as criteria for spontaneity. Standard Gibbs energy change and equilibrium constant.

Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry - Electrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance and their in electrolytic solutions, molar conductivities variation with concentration: Kohlrausch's law and its applications.

Electrochemical cells - Electrolytic and Galvanic cells, different types of electrodes, electrode potentials including standard electrode potential, half-cell and cell reactions, emf of a Galvanic Cell and its measurement: Nernst equation and its applications, Relationship between cell potential and Gibbs' energy change: Dry cell and lead accumulator, Fuel cells. 

Chemical Kinetics - Pressure, collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation).

d and f Block Elements - Transition Elements

Purification and Characterisation of Organic Compounds - 

Purification - Crystallization. sublimation, distillation, differential extraction, chromatography - principles and their applications.

Qualitative analysis - Detection of nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus and halogens.

Quantitative analysis (basic principles only) - Estimation of carbon. hydrogen. nitrogen. halogens. sulphur. phosphorus.

Calculations of empirical formulae and molecular formulae: Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis.

Hydrocarbons - Classification of isomerism. IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties, and reactions.

Biology

In the Biology subject, the following topics or chapters have been added. 

Cell Structure and Function - Classification and nomenclature of enzymes

Biology and Human Welfare - Tobacco Abuse

Ecology and Environment - Biodiversity and its conservation: Sacred groves.

 

Q:   Why are some topics added to the NEET 2024 syllabus but are not included in the NCERT books?

A:

The National Testing Agency (NTA) has clarified the reason why some topics or chapters have been added to the NEET 2024 syllabus. "These topics have been added as these are being taught in various School Boards i.e. Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education, Bihar School Education Board, National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS), Jammu and Kashmir Board of School Education, Nagaland Board of School Education, Board of secondary education Manipur, " stated NTA. 

 

Q:   Which topics have been removed from the Chemistry subject of the NEET 2024 syllabus?

A:

The National Medical Commission (NMC) has released the NEET 2024 syllabus. As compared to the previous years' syllabus, some of the topics have been removed from each of the three subjects, Physics, Chemistry and Biology. There are around nine chapters in Chemistry which have been removed. 

In Chemistry, the following chapters or topics have been removed from the units given in the table below. 

Units

Topics

Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

General Introduction: Important and scope of chemistry.

Structure of Atom

Atomic number, isotopes and isobars, Concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light.

Some p-Block Elements

Important compounds of silicon and a few uses: silicon tetrachloride, silicones, silicates and zeolites, their uses.

Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen

Cyanides and Isocyanides- will be mentioned at relevant places.

Environmental Chemistry

Environmental pollution: Air, water and soil pollution, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smogs, major atmospheric pollutants; acid rain ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer, greenhouse effect and global warming-pollution due to industrial wastes; green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, strategy for control of environmental pollution.

Polymers

Classification- Natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization (addition and condensation), copolymerization. Some important polymers: natural and synthetic like polyesters, bakelite; rubber, Biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers.

Chemistry in Everyday Life

Chemicals in medicines- analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines.
• Chemicals in food- preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants.
• Cleansing agents- soaps and detergents, cleansing action.

Surface Chemistry

Adsorption-physisorption and chemisorption; factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids,
catalysis homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity: enzyme catalysis; colloidal state: distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspensions; lyophilic, lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation; emulsions- types of emulsions.

Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

·         Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of C –X bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions. Optical rotation.

·         Haloarenes: Nature of C-X bond, substitution reactions (directive influence of halogen for
monosubstituted compounds only).

·         Uses and environmental effects of – dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT.

 

Also Read:

NEET Chemistry Syllabus With Chapter-wise Weightage

Physical Chemistry Chapters for NEET

Inorganic Chemistry Chapters for NEET 2024 Preparation

 

How to Prepare for NEET 2025 Syllabus

NEET preparation is a time-consuming affair and it should be done with a systematic approach. The first and foremost step is to know the syllabus for NEET UG properly. The best part about the NEET syllabus 2025 PDF download topic-wise is from the Class 11 and Class 12 syllabi and students are already familiar with the key concepts. However, NTA has released the syllabus in English only and candidates opting for regional languages or Hindi would have to look for the syllabus in Hindi or the respective regional languages. Such candidates can seek the help of their teachers and mentors to provide them with the NEET syllabus 2025 PDF download in Hindi or other languages. To prepare for the NEET new syllabus, candidates should follow the steps given below:

  • Be thorough with the concepts: Students should know the concepts of the important topics from the NEET subjects. They should ensure that there is no gap in their understanding. In case of any doubts or queries, they should approach their mentors or teachers. Suggesting on the strategy to complete the NEET syllabus, Saurabh Kumar, Chief Academic Officer, Vidyamandir Classes says, "Make sure that the complete syllabus is covered in the first three months, which includes portions from both Class 11 and 12. Since aspirants might be fresh with the Class 12 portion of the NEET syllabus, the initial time should focus on covering the Class 11 portion to rewind things. And most importantly do not opt to study new topics/ concepts at the last moment."
  • Strategy for subject-wise NEET syllabus completion: Candidates must focus on completing the NEET syllabus for each subject. While doing so, candidates may note that even though the weightage of the NEET Biology syllabus is higher, it would not be tougher than Physics. On the other hand, the number of topics in Physics or Chemistry may be lower, but the difficulty level, vis-a-vis the time taken to complete the syllabus would be higher. Talking about this, Saurabh Kumar mentions, "Though the Biology portion (Zoology and Botany) may be a bit easier in comparison to Physics, which has a higher number of theoretical and numerical questions. Biology students need to focus and practice more in the Physics section." 
  • Refer to the best books: While there is no dearth of books to prepare for the syllabus of NEET 2025, students should be careful in selecting those. The factors that need to be kept in mind include the coverage of the NEET syllabus, language quality and reading experience, practice questions and solutions and edition. NCERT is the best and the most popular book to refer to for NEET 2025 preparation. Hence, they should first complete the NCERT books and after that, they should move on to other NEET preparation books or study materials. 

Also Read: NCERT Books for NEET Preparation

  • Get enough practice: As they say, practice makes a man perfect. In order to test whether the preparation of a particular section of the NEET 2025 syllabus is complete or not, candidates should take NEET mock tests or solve practice papers regularly. After that, they should analyse their performance to know where they can improve further. 
  • Analyse strengths and weaknesses: Analysing one's strengths and weaknesses is very important as it helps the student understand where he/she is standing in comparison with other candidates. With less than a month to go for the exam, it is high time that they focus on their strengths and don't stress over their weak areas. However, before leaving out a topic completely, students should check its weightage and then decide. 
  • Revision: Regular revision is key to NEET preparation. After completing each chapter from the NEET 2025 syllabus, prepare notes on the key points along with charts, tables or diagrams to make it easily comprehensible. Browse through the revision notes regularly to not lose touch on those topics even after completing the basic preparation.

Also Read: How to make Revision Notes for NEET

NEET Mock Test is a comprehensive Test including Questions from Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. This test will help you to get an idea about the type of questions that will be asked, the exam pattern, and marking scheme. After taking the test, you can immediately check your score.

Free NEET Mock Test

Q:   How can I score 400+ marks in NEET?

A:
Scoring 400+ marks in NEET requires dedicated preparation and a strategic approach. Here are some tips to help you achieve your goal: Understand the exam pattern and syllabus: Familiarize yourself with the NEET exam pattern, marking scheme, and syllabus. This will help you understand the structure of the exam and allocate your preparation time effectively. Create a study schedule: Develop a comprehensive study plan that covers all the subjects and topics within the available time frame. Allocate sufficient time for each subject, giving more emphasis to the subjects in which you are relatively weaker. Focus on NCERT: The NCERT textbooks are essential resources for NEET preparation. Study the NCERT thoroughly, as many questions in NEET are based directly on its content. Pay attention to the concepts, diagrams, and examples provided in the NCERT books. Make concise notes: Create concise and organized notes while studying. These notes will serve as a quick revision tool and help you retain important information. Practice with previous years' question papers: Solve previous years' NEET question papers to familiarize yourself with the exam format, types of questions, and time management. This will also help you identify recurring topics and understand the level of difficulty. Take regular mock tests: Mock tests are essential for assessing your preparation level and improving your speed and accuracy. Take regular mock tests to simulate the real exam environment and identify areas that require improvement. Analyze and learn from mistakes: After every mock test or practice session, analyze your mistakes and areas of weakness. Understand why you made those mistakes and work on improving those areas in subsequent study sessions. Focus on weak areas: Identify the subjects or topics in which you are relatively weaker and allocate more time to study and practice those areas. Seek help from teachers, mentors, or online resources to clarify doubts and strengthen your understanding. Revise regularly: Regular revision is crucial to retain information and reinforce your learning. Set aside dedicated time for revision and make sure to revise all subjects and important topics periodically. Stay updated with current affairs: Stay updated with current affairs, especially in the field of science and healthcare. Make a habit of reading newspapers, magazines, or online sources to stay informed about recent developments. Take care of your health: Proper rest, exercise, and a balanced diet are essential for maintaining good physical and mental health. Ensure you get enough sleep, stay hydrated, and take short breaks during study sessions to stay refreshed and focused. Stay motivated and positive: Maintaining a positive mindset and staying motivated throughout your preparation is crucial. Set realistic goals, celebrate small achievements, and surround yourself with a supportive environment. Remember that achieving a score of 400+ in NEET requires consistent effort, discipline, and perseverance. Be consistent with your study schedule, work on your weaknesses, and stay focused on your goal. With determination and the right approach, you can improve your chances of scoring well in NEET. Good luck with your preparation!
 

Q:   How to prepare for NEET exam and get a good rank?

A:
Here are some tips to help you prepare for NEET and improve your chances of getting a good rank: 1 Understand the Syllabus: Go through the NEET syllabus thoroughly and create a study plan accordingly. Divide the topics into manageable chunks and make sure you cover each one systematically. 2 Refer to Good Study Materials: Use the best study material available in the market, such as NCERT books, reference books, and online resources. 3 Take Mock Tests: Taking mock tests regularly will help you assess your strengths and weaknesses, and give you an idea of the exam pattern and the difficulty level of the questions. 4 Time Management: Time management is crucial when it comes to cracking NEET. Devote sufficient time to each section, and make sure you complete the entire paper within the given time frame. 5 Stay Healthy: Take care of your physical and mental health to ensure that you can stay focused and motivated during your preparation. Eat healthy food, exercise regularly, and take breaks to avoid burnout. 6 Seek Help When Needed: Don't hesitate to seek help from your teachers, mentors, or online communities if you are facing any difficulties in your preparation. Remember, consistent effort and practice are key to success in NEET. Keep practicing and stay focused on your goal, and you are sure to achieve a good rank. Good luck!
 

Q:   How do I prepare for NEET along with my 12th?

A:

 

  • NEET syllabus covers your class 12 board topics and concepts. Utilise your school time well for board exam preparation. Study from NCERT textbooks for NEET and Boards. For NEET advanced concepts and problems, study from coaching modules.

Managing Class 12 Exams and NEET exam

The best time to start preparing is as early as possible, say from class 10 onwards. Building upon concepts from that juncture is necessary, saving all the last-minute rush. If not, it can hinder both performances of board exams and NEET. Studying along with class 12 syllabus will provide an effective retention capability.

Listed below are some pointers to consider managing both these exams effectively:

1. Planning – Set goals, frame a time table

  • Framing a time table considering preparation for both the exams is crucial
  • Dedicating slots especially for NEET is important while also simultaneously preparing for board exams

2. Execute plans

  • Do not sideline board exam preparation while preparing for NEET
  • Follow the time table and stick to the plans
  • Perform a daily, weekly and monthly check for adherence to the set time table. Analyze the performance
  • It is suggested to start out with weekly plans inculcating preparation for both tests
  • Dedicate weekdays for studying and learning concepts and weekends for revisions and practising

3. Subject-wise preparation

  • Take a subject one at a time rather than studying all subjects together
  • Identify weak areas in all subjects and devote more time to improve in such areas
  • Understanding the preparedness for each subject of NEET makes it easier for students to plan their course of action

4. Syllabus

  • Though the syllabus more or less remains the same for both tests, the test varies in the skills in which students are assessed
  • For this, particularly NEET, requires in-depth learning rather than mere learning from the surface or rote memorization tactics
  • Work out a syllabus plan for common chapters. While studying the chapter, prepare thoroughly so as to be able to answer for both tests
  • Interlink similar topics between different chapters
  • Choose the right mix of books to get hold of course material. Study from related sources to be able to answer a few beyond NCERT questions of NEET. This is because NEET demands more than average preparation.

5. Practice Tests for the run-up

  • These tests are extremely important for NEET. While starting out, ensure to take up at least one practice test under ideal exam scenarios
  • Simultaneously also make slots to solve previous years’ question papers of NEET and board exams

Perks of Preparing for Class 12 Exams and NEET

There are innumerable benefits of preparing for board exams as well as NEET. At times though it becomes difficult to prioritize between both, as clearing both is essential. However, with a never-to-give-up spirit, it is certainly possible to ace both these tests. A testimony of which are previous years’ toppers. Here is a breakdown of the various benefits of preparing for both simultaneously:

1. Extension of topics

While you are preparing for board exams, the basic concepts even for NEET remain the same. Since NEET is comparatively a tougher test, it requires an extension of existing topics, already learnt from NCERT. This is known, as a major part of NEET syllabus is based on class 11 and class 12 NCERT syllabus. It serves as an added advantage as separate time need not be devoted to exclusively studying for NEET, given the similarity.

2. Nature of questions

Both these tests have numerical-based questions, wherein board exams require a demonstration of a step-by-step write-up. While NEET requires the correct response only. Hence, it becomes challenging in NEET given the time constraint. Therefore, the process of attempting questions in both tests remains the same, which is yet another benefit of preparing simultaneously.

3. Simultaneously preparing for NEET just requires minimum efforts and time while studying for board exams given the continuum. There is a flow, conducive for learning. This engages one in the groove laying an effective foundation and strong groundwork only fuelling NEET preparation.

 

FAQs Regarding NEET 2025 Syllabus

Read the important Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on the NEET 2025 syllabus. 

Q:   Are NCERT books enough to complete the NEET syllabus?

A:
Yes, NCERT books are sufficient to complete the NEET syllabus. A number of past years' NEET toppers have claimed that they referred only to NCERT books for preparation. NCERT text books ACT as the base to complete the syllabus and develop conceptual clarity and understanding of the topics and chapters. However, for practice purposes, students may refer to other books and resources as well. It is advised that while starting the NEET preparation, candidates refer to the NCERT books and move towards other books and advance resources after that.
 

Q:   Can NEET 2025 questions be out of the syllabus?

A:

The chance of a NEET question coming out of syllabus is low. As per the previous years' analysis, the questions were within the NEET syllabus only and the topics or chapters were evenly distributed. In case candidates encounter any question which is out of the syllabus, they must report it to the invigilator. In case test-takers know the answer and is sure of the accuracy, then they can attempt the question. Otherwise, they should leave the question unattempted. If it is proved that the question is out of NEET 2024 syllabus, NTA would cancel the question and award full marks to the candidates.

 

Q:   What is the ratio of the NEET syllabus from Class 11 and Class 12?

A:
There is no specific or defined ratio of Class 11 and Class in which questions are set from the NEET syllabus. It varies from year to year. Based on the previous year NEET question paper analysis, it has been observed that the ratio of the Class 12 syllabus is higher than that of Class 12 syllabus. Here we present the subject-wise ratio of Class 11 and Class 12 NEET syllabus based on last year's analysis. Physics Class 11 - 42% Class 12 - 58% Chemistry: Class 11 - 42% Class 12 - 58% Biology: Class 11 - 53% Class 12 - 47%. .
 

Q:   Where can I get the NEET syllabus PDF in Hindi?

A:

NTA officially releases the NEET syllabus in English. Candidates opting for the exam in Hindi or other regional languages can check their Class 11 and Class 12 syllabus attuned to the NEET syllabus, from their teachers or mentors and request them to provide them with the NEET syllabus 2025 PDF download in Hindi or other regional languages. Hindi medium students can refer to their Board exam syllabus and crosscheck the topics or chapters. Aspirants should also go through previous years' NEET Hindi question papers to understand the question types, topics and difficulty level.

 

Q:   What is the minimum marks to be scored for qualifying in NEET?

A:

Candidates belonging to the General category should secure 50 percentile. Those belonging to the PwD General category has to secure 45 percentile. The NEET cutoff percentile for the reserved category candidates is 40. The exact qualifying marks or cutoff scores will be announced by NTA along with the scorecards. This year, General category candidates had to score minimum 137 marks to qualify for the exam. The highest score secured in NEET 2023 was 720 out of 720, obtained by two candidates.

 

Q:   Is class 11th and class 12th biology sufficient for NEET?

A:

Although, 360 marks will be asked from biology section only. Around 320 marks will be from NCERT only, i.e. from class 11th and class 12th NCERT text books provided you go through each and every line of it and grasp it well. But to predict the level of difficulty in questions you must go through NCERT MCQ books for practice. And yes I said 320 marks only can be covered in biology section through NCERT but if you are aspiring for more, then of course class 11th and class 12th is not sufficient. And, one must focus equally on physics and chemistry as well. 

 

Q:   Is Earthworm topic included in NEET Biology syllabus?

A:

No, the topic or chapter on earthworm is not included in the NEET Biology syllabus. The NEET 22024 syllabus underwent changes wherein certain topics were removed and various topics have been added from other state Boards. In the NEET 2024 revised syllabus, there was no mention of the Earthworms topic. Under the unit of Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants, the topic of 'Nervous and reproductive of an insect and Frog.' Based on last year's syllabus, it is estimated that the insect is cockroach, along with frog. Hence, it can be estimated that the Earthworm topic will not be included in the NEET 2025 Biology syllabus as well. 

Also Read: NEET 2024 Syllabus: NTA Answers Frequently Asked Questions Regarding NEET Revised Syllabus

 

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Answered 14 hours ago

In this year, there is inflation in rank vs mark graph. So, by mark there is a lot of uncertainty. Its all depend upon rank

 

A

Aashu Kumar

Beginner-Level 3

Answered 16 hours ago

A score of 282 in NEET is considered moderate based on past trends and the lack of exact cutoff data for NEET 2024 in Karnataka at this time. To obtain a more accurate understanding of your possibilities, it's crucial to wait for the official cutoffs announced by the Karnataka Examination Authority

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Nidhi Kumari

Contributor-Level 10

Answered 16 hours ago

To ascertain your prospects of being accepted into a government medical institution in Tamil Nadu with 520 NEET scores in 2024, we must take into account several variables, including the NEET cutoff scores, state and All India quotas, reservation categories, and earlier year cutoffs.   520 marks is

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Nidhi Kumari

Contributor-Level 10

Answered 16 hours ago

It may cause problems for you to be admitted if your name appears differently on your 10th and 12th-grade report and your NEET admit card. To prevent further issues, it's critical to resolve this disparity as soon as feasible. 

Get in contact with the NEET exam's conducting organization, the National

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Nidhi Kumari

Contributor-Level 10

Answered 16 hours ago

No, you cannot take the NEET (National Eligibility and Entrance Test) if you have experience in the commerce stream in grades 11 and 12. The National Eligibility Test (NEET) is the entrance test for undergraduate medical (MBBS), dental (BDS), and associated programs in India. Candidates must have ta

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Nidhi Kumari

Contributor-Level 10

Answered 16 hours ago

The All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) conducts its entrance exam known as the AIIMS MBBS Entrance Exam; admission is not determined by NEET scores. But with 600 scores you can get admission to other government medical colleges based on NEET scores.  

N

Nidhi Kumari

Contributor-Level 10

Answered 19 hours ago

You need to pass the 12th board exam and gujcet as per merit. You can get admission from the acpc website in rounds 1 and 2 after this you can get an admission form from the college (offline).LDRP Institute of Technology and Research (LDRP-ITR) is a private engineering college located in Gujarat. Ad

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Suraj Kumar karn

Contributor-Level 10

Answered 20 hours ago

For the Neet 2023 examination schedule by NTA for MBBS :-

Expected cutoff can be 

660 for General category from All India quota 

For State quota :

Expected cutoff can be around 632 marks.

Expected cutoff is on the basis of past year data and marks vs rank analysis of this year NEET examination results wh

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Piyush Joshi

Beginner-Level 4

Answered 22 hours ago

In general, the total duration of the Assam NEET UG counselling is of three to four months. The total number of counselling rounds is also around three to four. On an average, each round is conducted for a duration of one month. The exact durtion will be updated once the Directorate of Medical Educa

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Sreetama Datta Roy

Contributor-Level 10

Answered 22 hours ago

The list of documents required for the Assam NEET UG counselling are given below:

·        Assam NEET UG counselling seat allotment letter

·        NEET 2024 scorecard

·        NEET 2024 admit card

·        Valid photo identity card including Voter ID Card, Aadhaar Card, Passport, Driving License, etc.

·

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Sreetama Datta Roy

Contributor-Level 10

2267 Institutes accepting NEET

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Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS)
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