JEE Main 2025 Syllabus: Check Detailed Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics Syllabus

Joint Entrance Exam (JEE) Main 2024 ( JEE Main )

28 mins read210.7K Views25.9K Comments
Shikha
Shikha Goyal
Assistant Manager
Updated on May 9, 2024 16:05 IST

JEE Main 2025 Syllabus: The National Testing Agency (NTA) will conduct the JEE Mains 2025 in two sessions, namely January and April 2025. The comprehensive notification for JEE Mains 2025 will be tentatively released in December 2024. For JEE Main 2025 preparation, it is important to be well versed in the syllabus of JEE Main. With the help of the syllabus, candidates will come to know the important and relevant topics to focus on. Check below for the detailed JEE Main 2025 syllabus.

JEE Main 2025 Syllabus

JEE Main 2025 Syllabus

JEE Main 2025 Syllabus: The National Testing Agency (NTA) will release the JEE Main 2025 syllabus on their official website, jeemain.nta.nic.in, along with a new information brochure covering all the details of the exam. Meanwhile, scroll down for the current year's JEE Main syllabus to prepare for the upcoming JEE Main exam. It consists of the important topics with mark-wise weightage. In the preparation journey, the syllabus plays a crucial role. It not only gives an insight into the topics to study but also helps candidates understand irrelevant topics that can be avoided and save time. It also help candidates to focus on their preparation in the right direction. The candidates clearing JEE Main 2025 cutoff will be eligible for JEE Advanced 2025 for IIT admissions.

Explore top colleges which accept JEE Main

Indore
201-250 NIRF
₹2.68 L - 3.8 L
Indore
₹1.6 L - 3.04 L
Indore
#110 Times
₹3.25 L - 7.2 L
Indore
#88 Times
₹2.41 L - 3.34 L

Want better recommendations?

There is a 90% more chance of getting best college recommendations by sharing preferences.
Bhopal
#80 NIRF
₹5 L - 6.25 L
Indore
₹2.74 L - 3.12 L
Indore
#38 Times
₹4.25 L - 4.83 L
Bhopal
₹2.8 L - 2.96 L
Pune
101-150 NIRF
₹7.65 L - 17 L
Indore
₹1.5 L - 15 L
Already Seen
Apply now
View allCollections

The JEE Mains syllabus is divided into three sections, namely Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. The NTA released the JEE Main Syllabus for 2024 and removed some of the topics. Check below the deleted and detailed topic-wise JEE Main 2025 syllabus.

Q:   Is the syllabus of JEE Mains reduced?

A:
Yes, the JEE Main 2024 syllabus has been reduced. The syllabus has been revised to focus on core concepts. Some changes include: 
 
  • Mathematics: Mathematical Induction and Mathematical Reasoning units have been removed from the syllabus of Mathematics. 
  • Physics: In Physics, Communication Device units has been removed from the syllabus
  • Chemistry: Surface Chemistry, States of Matter, General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Metals, Hydrogen, Environmental Chemistry, Alcohol Phenol and Ether, Polymers chapters have been removed.
The JEE Main 2024 syllabus is available on the National Testing Agency (NTA) website. The syllabus contains 64 chapters, with 16 in math, 20 in physics, and 28 in chemistry.

Q:   Where can I get JEE Main 2024 syllabus PDF?

A:

National Testing Agency NTA has released the syllabus of JEE Main 2024 on the official website. NTA has revised the syllabus of JEE Main and few chapters have been removed that are not included in class 11 and 12 topics of Physics Chemistry and Mathematics. Students can download the current JEE Main syllabus PDF from Shiksha page or from the JEE Main official page to start their preparation. It is advised that students prepare for the exam strictly as per the syllabus and do not leave any topic to prepare for the exam.

Q:   Is JEE Main syllabus tough?

A:
JEE Main syllabus can be categorized as medium in difficulty level. The topics covered in JEE Mains syllabus is similar to CBSE class 11 and 12 syllabus. Students can prepare for JEE Mains exam using their NCERT textbooks and score a decent score. Candidates are however advised to refer some additional books in order to score good marks in JEE Mains.

JEE Main 2025: Exam Date

The JEE Main 2025 exam date will be announced tentatively in the month of November 2024. The JEE Main 2025 Exam will be held in two sessions. Session 1 will be held in January 2025, and Session 2 in April 2025. Check below for the tentative JEE Main 2025 exam date.

Explore more B.Tech exams with upcoming dates

SAT Deadline for Changes, Regula...

21 May '24

Uni-Gauge 2024 publication of fi...

21 May '24

VITEEE 2024 Counselling - Phase ...

21 May '24

CGET 2024 Phase II Admit card re...

22 May '24

SITEEE 2024 Result

22 May '24

GAT 2024 application form window...

27 Oct '23 - 24 May '24

BITSAT 2024 Exam Date - Session I

20 May '24 - 24 May '24

NMIMS CET 2024 Conduct of Online...

16 Mar '24 - 25 May '24

COMEDK UGET final answer key

21 May '24

KRLMPCA CET answer key challenge...

20 May '24 - 24 May '24

Events Dates (tentative)
JEE Main Registration begin November 2024
JEE Main Last date to apply December 2024
JEE Main Admit Card release date 3 days before the exam
JEE Main 2025 Exam Date January 2025 and April 2025
JEE Main 2025 result declaration date One week after the exam

Is the JEE Main Syllabus reduced?

In 2024, NTA removed several topics from the JEE Main syllabus. The reduced syllabus is similar to the NCERT/CBSE Class 11 and 12 syllabus. Questions in the JEE Main exam will be asked as per the JEE Main syllabus. The deleted topics from the JEE Main syllabus are provided below:

Physics: Communication Device unit is removed from the syllabus.

Q:   What is the syllabus of JEE Mains?

A:
JEE Main is conducted for multiple courses and the syllabus is different for each course. The syllabus of JEE Main Paper 1 (BE/B.Tech) includes class 11 and 12 Physics Chemistry and Mathematics topics. For JEE Main paper 2A B.Arch the syllabus consists of Mathematics, General Aptitude and Drawing. Similarly, for JEE Main Paper 2B B. Plan the syllabus is Mathematics, General Aptitude and Planning. Candidates can check and download the detailed topics-wise JEE Main syllabus on the Shiksha page as well as on the official website JEE Main. NTA. Nic. In.

Q:   In how much time can I complete the entire JEE Main syllabus?

A:
The time required to cover JEE Main syllabus would vary for every student however, to complete the entire JEE Main syllabus, students would require around 1 year. The ideal time to start preparing for JEE Main is class 12 as the syllabus for JEE and class 12 is similar. Students who are studying in class 12 can point out the topics that are common in both and pay special emphasis to that.

Q:   Is it possible to complete JEE Mains syllabus in 4 months.? If yes, how?

A:

Yes! it is possible. While you are talking about complete syllabus, you would have basic knowledge and have all the basic fundamentals clear. To complete the syllabus in 4 months you must have proper strategy for the JEE Mains preparation. Also visit here: https://www.shiksha.com/engineering/jee-main-exam-preparation- know more tips. Start with knowing the syllabus and exam patter. List out all the topics. Clear your basics and make a study plan which cover all the topics with test series. Solve as much questions as possible. solve previous year papers and online Mock test series. You will be perfect as much questions you will solve. Practice to solve the papers in the exam time frame. Thus you will get to know about the type of questions and difficulty level. It will give you an idea about which section you should attempt first in exam and your strong section. Be confident and keep practising. All the best for the JEE exam.

Q:   How many chapters are in JEE Mains syllabus?

A:

The JEE Main syllabus consists of

  • 20 Chapters in Physics
  • 28 Chapters in Chemistry
  • 16 Chapters in Mathematics

However, it's important to note that the number of chapters may vary slightly from year to year, depending on the specific syllabus released by the National Testing Agency (NTA). Therefore, it is recommend referring to the official JEE Main website or the syllabus PDF provided by the NTA for the most up-to-date and accurate information.

Q:   What is the weightage of class 11 and 12 chapters in JEE Main syllabus?

A:
As per the official syllabus of JEE Main released by NTA no weightage is set for class 11 and 12 chapters. Candidates must note that all the topics of CBSE class 11 and 12 Physics Chemistry and Mathematics is included in the JEE Main syllabus. There is no official number on JEE Main weightage but candidates need to study the whole syllabus released by the NTA in order to score good marks in the exam. However, as per the previous years paper analysis, some chapters have high weightage in exam.

Chemistry: Surface Chemistry, States of Matter, General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Metals, S-block elements, Hydrogen, Environmental Chemistry, Alcohol Phenol, Ether, and Polymers chapters are removed.

Mathematics: Mathematical Induction and Mathematical Reasoning units are removed.

Also Check: JEE Main Reduced Syllabus 2024 PDF

JEE Main 2025 Syllabus

The JEE Main 2025 exam will be conducted for three courses: Paper 1 for BE/BTech, Paper 2A for BArch, and Paper 2B for BPlan. The JEE Main 2025 Syllabus for Paper 1 consists of Class 11th and 12th Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics. Paper 2A Architecture (BArch) includes topics of Mathematics, General Apritude, and Drawing while the Paper 2B (BPlan) syllabus includes Mathematics, General Aptitude and Planning topics. 

Also Read:

 List of top BTech colleges with low JEE Main Scores

 JEE Main Rank Predictor 2024

JEE Main 2025 Physics Syllabus

Scroll down for a detailed JEE Main 2025 topic-wise physics syllabus.

Units

Topics

Unit 1: Physics and Measurement

Physics, technology, and society, S I Units, fundamental and derived units, least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, Errors in measurement, Dimensions of Physics quantities, dimensional analysis, and its applications.

Unit 2: Kinematics

The frame of reference, motion in a straight line, Position- time graph, speed and velocity; Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity, uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position-time graph, relations for uniformly accelerated motion, Scalars and Vectors, Vector. Addition and subtraction, zero vector, scalar and vector products, Unit Vector, Resolution of a Vector. Relative Velocity, Motion in a plane, Projectile Motion, Uniform Circular Motion.

Unit 3: Laws of Motion

Force and inertia, Newton’s First law of motion; Momentum, Newton’s Second Law of motion, Impulses; Newton’s Third Law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications. Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction. Dynamics of uniform circular motion: centripetal force and its applications.

Unit 4: Work, Energy and Power

Work done by a content force and a variable force; kinetic and potential energies, work-energy theorem, power.

The potential energy of spring conservation of mechanical energy, conservative and neoconservative forces; Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.

Unit 5: Rotational Motion

Centre of the mass of a two-particle system, Centre of the mass of a rigid body; Basic concepts of rotational motion; a moment of a force; torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications; the moment of inertia, the radius of gyration. Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, and their applications. Rigid body rotation equations of rotational motion.

Unit 6: Gravitation

The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth. Kepler’s law of planetary motion. Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity, Orbital velocity of a satellite. Geo stationary satellites.

Unit 7: Properties of Solids and Liquids

Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke's Law. Young's modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity. Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal's law and its applications. Viscosity. Stokes' law. terminal velocity, streamline, and turbulent flow. Reynolds number. Bernoulli's principle and its applications. Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, application of surface tension - drops, bubbles, and capillary rise. Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; specific heat capacity, calorimetry; change of state, latent heat. Heat transfer-conduction, convection, and radiation. Newton's law of cooling.

Unit 8: Thermodynamics

Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, the concept of temperature. Heat, work, and internal energy. The first law of thermodynamics. The second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes. Carnot engine and its efficiency.

Unit 9: Kinetic Theory of Gases

Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas, Kinetic theory of gases - assumptions, the concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature: RMS speed of gas molecules: Degrees of freedom. Law of equipartition of energy, applications to specific heat capacities of gases; Mean free path. Avogadro's number.

Unit 10: Oscillation and Waves

Periodic motion - period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase: oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force constant: energy in S.H.M. - Kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum - derivation of expression for its time period: Free, forced and damped oscillations, resonance. Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, a reflection of waves. Standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics. Beats. Doppler Effect in sound

Unit 11: Electrostatics

Electric charges: Conservation of charge. Coulomb's law forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges: superposition principle and continuous charge distribution. Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines. Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole. Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.

Electric flux: Gauss's law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet, and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges; Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges in an electrostatic field.

Conductors and insulators: Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitor, the combination of capacitors in series and parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates. Energy stored in a capacitor.

Unit 12: Current Electricity

Electric current. Drift velocity. Ohm's law. Electrical resistance. Resistances of different materials. V-l characteristics of Ohmic and non-ohmic conductors. Electrical energy and power. Electrical resistivity. Colour code for resistors; Series and parallel combinations of resistors; Temperature dependence of resistance. Electric Cell and its Internal resistance, potential difference and emf of a cell, a combination of cells in series and parallel. Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications. Wheatstone bridge. Metre Bridge. Potentiometer - principle and its applications.

Unit 13: Magnetic Effect of Current and Magnetism

Biot - Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop. Ampere's law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron.

Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. The force between two parallel currents carrying conductors-definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in a uniform magnetic field: Moving coil galvanometer, its current sensitivity, and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.

Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth's magnetic field and magnetic elements. Para-, dia- and ferromagnetic substances. Magnetic susceptibility and permeability. Hysteresis. Electromagnets and permanent magnets.

Unit 14: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Current

Electromagnetic induction: Faraday's law. Induced emf and current: Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance. Alternating currents, peak and RMS value of alternating current/ voltage: reactance and impedance: LCR series circuit, resonance: Quality factor, power in AC circuits, wattless current. AC generator and transformer.

Unit 15: Electromagnetic Waves

Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics, Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves, Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet. X-rays. Gamma rays), Applications of e.m. waves.

Unit 16: Optics

Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula. Total internal reflection and its applications. Deviation and Dispersion of light by a; prism; Lens Formula. Magnification. Power of a Lens. Combination of thin lenses in contact. Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.

Wave optics

wavefront and Huygens' principle. Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens principle. Interference, Young's double-slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources, and sustained interference of light. Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum. Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes. Polarization, plane-polarized light: Brewster's law, uses of plane-polarized light and Polaroid.

Unit 17: Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

Dual nature of radiation. Photoelectric effect. Hertz and Lenard's observations; Einstein's photoelectric equation: particle nature of light. Matter waves-wave nature of particle, de Broglie relation. Davisson-Germer experiment.

Unit 18: Atoms and Nuclei

Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford's model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars: isotones. Radioactivity- alpha. beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law. Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission, and fusion.

Unit 19: Electronic Devices

Semiconductors; semiconductor diode: 1-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED. the photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor: transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. Logic gates (OR. AND. NOT. NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch.

Also Read: JEE Main vs CUET Syllabus

JEE Main 2025 Chemistry Syllabus

The JEE Main 2025 Syllabus is divided into three sections: Section A – Physical Chemistry, Section B- Inorganic Chemistry and Section C- Organic Chemistry. Check below the topic-wise JEE Main Syllabus 2025 for Chemistry. The topics are from the class 11 and 12 syllabus.

Units

Topics

Unit 1: Some Basic Concepts in Chemistry

Matter and its nature, Dalton's atomic theory: Concept of atom, molecule, element, and compound: Physical quantities and their measurements in Chemistry, precision, and accuracy, significant figures. S.I.Units, dimensional analysis: Laws of chemical combination; Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept, molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formulae: Chemical equations and stoichiometry.

Unit 2: Atomic Structure

Thomson and Rutherford atomic models and their limitations; Nature of electromagnetic radiation, photoelectric effect; Spectrum of the hydrogen atom. Bohr model of a hydrogen atom - its postulates, derivation of the relations for the energy of the electron and radii of the different orbits, limitations of Bohr's model; Dual nature of matter, de Broglie's relationship. Heisenberg uncertainty principle. Elementary ideas of quantum mechanics, quantum mechanics, the quantum mechanical model of the atom, its important features. Concept of atomic orbitals as one-electron wave functions: Variation of Y and Y2 with r for 1s and 2s orbitals; various quantum numbers (principal, angular momentum, and magnetic quantum numbers) and their significance; shapes of s, p, and d - orbitals, electron spin and spin quantum number: Rules for filling electrons in orbitals – Aufbau principle. Pauli's exclusion principle and Hund's rule, electronic configuration of elements, extra stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals.

Unit 3: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

Kossel - Lewis approach to chemical bond formation, the concept of ionic and covalent bonds.

Ionic Bonding: Formation of ionic bonds, factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds; calculation of lattice enthalpy. Covalent Bonding: Concept of electronegativity. Fajan’s rule, dipole moment: Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR ) theory and shapes of simple molecules. Quantum mechanical approach to covalent bonding: Valence bond theory - its important features, the concept of hybridization involving s, p, and d orbitals; Resonance. Molecular Orbital Theory - Its important features. LCAOs, types of molecular orbitals (bonding, antibonding), sigma and pi-bonds, molecular orbital electronic configurations of homonuclear diatomic molecules, the concept of bond order, bond length, and bond energy. Elementary idea of metallic bonding. Hydrogen bonding and its applications.

Unit 4: Chemical Thermodynamics

Fundamentals of thermodynamics: System and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties, state functions, types of processes. The first law of thermodynamics - Concept of work, heat internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity, molar heat capacity; Hess’s law of constant heat summation; Enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, hydration, ionization, and solution. The second law of thermodynamics - Spontaneity of processes; DS of the universe and DG of the system as criteria for spontaneity. DG° (Standard Gibbs energy change) and equilibrium constant.

Unit 5: Solutions

Different methods for expressing the concentration of solution - molality, molarity, mole fraction, percentage (by volume and mass both), the vapour pressure of solutions and Raoult's Law - Ideal and non-ideal solutions, vapour pressure - composition, plots for ideal and nonideal solutions; Colligative properties of dilute solutions - a relative lowering of vapour pressure, depression of freezing point, the elevation of boiling point and osmotic pressure; Determination of molecular mass using colligative properties; Abnormal value of molar mass, van’t Hoff factor and its significance.

Unit 6: Equilibrium

Meaning of equilibrium, the concept of dynamic equilibrium. Equilibria involving physical processes: Solid-liquid, liquid - gas and solid-gas equilibria, Henry's law. General characteristics of equilibrium involving physical processes. Equilibrium involving chemical processes: Law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and their significance, the significance of DG and DG° in chemical equilibrium, factors affecting equilibrium concentration, pressure, temperature, the effect of catalyst; Le Chatelier’s principle. Ionic equilibrium: Weak and strong electrolytes, ionization of electrolytes, various concepts of acids and bases (Arrhenius. Bronsted - Lowry and Lewis) and their ionization, acid-base equilibria (including multistage ionization) and ionization constants, ionization of water. pH scale, common ion effect, hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions, the solubility of sparingly soluble salts and solubility products, buffer solutions.

Unit 7: Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry

Electronic concepts of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, rules for assigning oxidation number, balancing of redox reactions. Electrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance in electrolytic solutions, molar conductivities and their variation with concentration: Kohlrausch’s law and its applications. Electrochemical cells - Electrolytic and Galvanic cells, different types of electrodes, electrode potentials including standard electrode potential, half - cell and cell reactions, emf of a Galvanic cell and its measurement: Nernst equation and its applications; Relationship between cell potential and Gibbs' energy change: Dry cell and lead accumulator; Fuel cells.

Unit 8: Chemical Kinetics

Rate of a chemical reaction, factors affecting the rate of reactions: concentration, temperature, pressure, and catalyst; elementary and complex reactions, order and molecularity of reactions, rate law, rate constant and its units, differential and integral forms of zero and first-order reactions, their characteristics and half-lives, the effect of temperature on the rate of reactions, Arrhenius theory, activation energy and its calculation, collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation).

Inorganic Chemistry

Units

Topics

Unit 9: Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

Modem periodic law and present form of the periodic table, s, p. d and f block elements, periodic trends in properties of elements atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states, and chemical reactivity.

Unit 10: p-block elements

Group -13 to Group 18 Elements

General Introduction: Electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements across the periods and down the groups; unique behaviour of the first element in each group. Groupwise study of the p - block elements

Group -13

Preparation, properties, and uses of boron and aluminum; Structure, properties, and uses of borax, boric acid, diborane, boron trifluoride, aluminum chloride, and alums.

Group -14

The tendency for catenation; Structure, properties, and uses of Allotropes and oxides of carbon, silicon tetrachloride, silicates, zeolites, and silicones.

Group -15

Properties and uses of nitrogen and phosphorus; Allotrophic forms of phosphorus; Preparation, properties, structure, and uses of ammonia, nitric acid, phosphine, and phosphorus halides, (PCl3. PCl5); Structures of oxides and oxoacids of nitrogen and phosphorus.

Group -16

Preparation, properties, structures, and uses of ozone: Allotropic forms of sulphur; Preparation, properties, structures, and uses of sulphuric acid (including its industrial preparation); Structures of oxoacids of sulphur.

Group-17

Preparation, properties, and uses of hydrochloric acid; Trends in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides; Structures of Interhalogen compounds and oxides and oxoacids of halogens. Group-18

Unit 11: d- and f-block elements

Transition Elements

General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics, general trends in properties of the first-row transition elements - physical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, atomic radii, colour, catalytic behaviour, magnetic properties, complex formation, interstitial compounds, alloy formation; Preparation, properties, and uses of K2Cr2O7, and KMnO4.

Inner Transition Elements

Lanthanoids - Electronic configuration, oxidation states, and lanthanoid contraction.

Actinoids - Electronic configuration and oxidation states.

Unit 12: Coordination Compounds

Introduction to coordination compounds. Werner's theory; ligands, coordination number, denticity. chelation; IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear co-ordination compounds, isomerism; Bonding-Valence bond approach and basic ideas of Crystal field theory, colour and magnetic properties; Importance of co-ordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and in biological systems).

Organic Chemistry

Units

Topics

Unit 13: Purification and Characterization of Organic Compounds

Purification - Crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction, and chromatography - principles and their applications.

Qualitative analysis - Detection of nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus, and halogens.

Quantitative analysis (basic principles only) - Estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogens, sulphur, phosphorus. Calculations of empirical formulae and molecular formulae: Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis

Unit 14: Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry

Tetravalency of carbon: Shapes of simple molecules - hybridization (s and p): Classification of organic compounds based on functional groups: and those containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen, and sulphur; Homologous series: Isomerism - structural and stereoisomerism.

 

Nomenclature (Trivial and IUPAC)

Covalent bond fission - Homolytic and heterolytic: free radicals, carbocations, and carbanions; stability of carbocations and free radicals, electrophiles, and nucleophiles.

 

Electronic displacement in a covalent bond - Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance, and hyperconjugation.

Common types of organic reactions- Substitution, addition, elimination, and rearrangement.

Unit 15: Hydrocarbons

Classification, isomerism, IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties, and reactions.

Alkanes - Conformations: Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane): Mechanism of halogenation of alkanes.
Alkenes - Geometrical isomerism: Mechanism of electrophilic addition: addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, hydrogen halides (Markownikoffs and peroxide effect): Ozonolysis and polymerization.
Alkynes - Acidic character: Addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, and hydrogen halides: Polymerization.

Aromatic hydrocarbons - Nomenclature, benzene - structure and aromaticity: Mechanism of electrophilic substitution: halogenation, nitration.

Friedel - Craft's alkylation and acylation, directive influence of the functional group in monosubstituted benzene.

Unit 16: Organic Compounds containing Halogen

General methods of preparation, properties, and reactions; Nature of C-X bond; Mechanisms of substitution reactions.

Uses; Environmental effects of chloroform, iodoform freons, and DDT.

Unit 17: Organic Compounds containing Oxygen

General methods of preparation, properties, reactions, and uses.

ALCOHOLS, PHENOLS, AND ETHERS

Alcohols: Identification of primary, secondary, and tertiary alcohols: mechanism of dehydration. Phenols: Acidic nature, electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation. nitration and sulphonation. Reimer - Tiemann reaction.

Ethers: Structure.

Aldehyde and Ketones: Nature of carbonyl group; Nucleophilic addition to >C=O group, relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones; Important reactions such as - Nucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN. NH3, and its derivatives), Grignard reagent; oxidation: reduction (Wolf Kishner and Clemmensen); the acidity of a-hydrogen. aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction. Haloform reaction, Chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and Ketones.

Carboxylic Acids Acidic strength and factors affecting it

Unit 18: Organic Compounds containing Nitrogen

General methods of preparation. Properties, reactions, and uses.

Amines: Nomenclature, classification structure, basic character, and identification of primary, secondary, and tertiary amines and their basic character.

Diazonium Salts: Importance in synthetic organic chemistry.

Unit 19: Biomolecules

General introduction and importance of biomolecules. CARBOHYDRATES - Classification; aldoses and ketoses: monosaccharides (glucose and fructose) and constituent monosaccharides of oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, and maltose).PROTEINS - Elementary Idea of a-amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides. Proteins: primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins, enzymes. VITAMINS – Classification and functions. NUCLEIC ACIDS – Chemical constitution of DNA and RNA. Biological functions of nucleic acids

Unit 20: Principles Related to Practical Chemistry

Detection of extra elements (Nitrogen, Sulphur, halogens) in organic compounds; Detection of the following functional groups; hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketones) carboxyl, and amino groups in organic compounds.

· The chemistry involved in the preparation of the following:

Inorganic compounds; Mohr’s salt, potash alum.

Organic compounds: Acetanilide, p-nitro acetanilide, aniline yellow, iodoform.

· The chemistry involved in the titrimetric exercises – Acids, bases and the use of indicators, oxalic-acid vs KMnO4, Mohr’s salt vs KMnO4

· Chemical principles involved in the qualitative salt analysis

Chemical principles involved in the following experiments:

1. Enthalpy of solution of CuSO4
2. Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid and strong base.
3. Preparation of lyophilic and lyophobic sols.
4. Kinetic study of the reaction of iodide ions with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature.

Also Read: Top Engineering Colleges in India other than IIT, NIT and IIIT

JEE Main 2025 Syllabus of Mathematics

Scroll down to the JEE Main 2025 Syllabus of Mathematics, which consists of a total of 16 units covering topics from the standard syllabus of classes 11 and 12.

Units

Topics

Unit 1: Sets, Relations and Functions

Sets and their representation: Union, intersection and complement of sets and their algebraic properties; Power set; Relation, Type of relations, equivalence relations, functions; one-one, into and onto functions, the composition of functions

Unit 2: Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations

Complex numbers as ordered pairs of reals, Representation of complex numbers in the form a + ib and their representation in a plane, Argand diagram, algebra of complex number, modulus and argument (or amplitude) of a complex number, square root of a complex number, triangle inequality, Quadratic equations in real and complex number system and their solutions Relations between roots and co-efficient, nature of roots, the formation of quadratic equations with given roots.

Unit 3: Matrices and Determinants

Matrices, algebra of matrices, type of matrices, determinants, and matrices of order two and three, properties of determinants, evaluation of determinants, area of triangles using determinants, Adjoint, and evaluation of inverse of a square matrix using determinants and elementary transformations, Test of consistency and solution of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables using determinants and matrices

Unit 4: Permutation and Combination

The fundamental principle of counting, permutation as an arrangement and combination as section, Meaning of P (n,r) and C (n,r), simple applications

Unit 5: Binomial Theorem and its Simple Applications

Binomial theorem for a positive integral index, general term and middle term, properties of Binomial coefficients, and simple applications

Unit 6: Sequence and Series

Arithmetic and Geometric progressions, insertion of arithmetic, geometric means between two given numbers, Relation between A.M and G.M sum up to n terms of special series; Sn, Sn2, Sn3. Arithmetico-Geometric progression

Unit 7: Limit, Continuity and Differentiability

Real–valued functions, algebra of functions, polynomials, rational, trigonometric, logarithmic, and exponential functions, inverse function. Graphs of simple functions. Limits, continuity, and differentiability. Differentiation of the sum, difference, product, and quotient of two functions. Differentiation of trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, logarithmic, exponential, composite and implicit functions; derivatives of order up to two, Rolle’s and Lagrange's Mean value Theorems, Applications of derivatives: Rate of change of quantities, monotonic Increasing and decreasing functions, Maxima and minima of functions of one variable, tangents and normal.

Unit 8: Integral Calculus

Integral as an anti-derivative, Fundamental Integrals involving algebraic, trigonometric, exponential, and logarithms functions. Integrations by substitution, by parts, and by partial functions. Integration using trigonometric identities. Integral as limit of a sum. The fundamental theorem of calculus, properties of definite integrals. Evaluation of definite integrals, determining areas of the regions bounded by simple curves in standard form.

Unit 9: Differential Equations

Ordinary differential equations, their order, and degree, the formation of differential equations, solution of differential equation by the method of separation of variables, solution of a homogeneous and linear differential equation

Unit 10: Co-ordinate Geometry

Cartesian system of rectangular coordinates in a plane, distance formula, sections formula, locus, and its equation, translation of axes, the slope of a line, parallel and perpendicular lines, intercepts of a line on the co-ordinate axis.

Straight line

Various forms of equations of a line, intersection of lines, angles between two lines, conditions for concurrence of three lines, the distance of a point form a line, equations of internal and external by sectors of angles between two lines co-ordinate of the centroid, orthocentre, and circumcentre of a triangle, equation of the family of lines passing through the point of intersection of two lines.

Circle, conic sections

A standard form of equations of a circle, the general form of the equation of a circle, its radius and central, equation of a circle when the endpoints of a diameter are given, points of intersection of a line and a circle with the centre at the origin and condition for a line to be tangent to a circle, equation of the tangent, sections of conics, equations of conic sections (parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola) in standard forms, condition for Y = mx +c to be a tangent and point (s) of tangency

Unit 11: Three Dimensional Geometry

Coordinates of a point in space, the distance between two points, section formula, directions ratios, and direction cosines, the angle between two intersecting lines. Skew lines, the shortest distance between them, and its equation. Equations of a line and a plane in different forms, the intersection of a line and a plane, and coplanar lines.

Unit 12: Vector Algebra

Vectors and scalars, the addition of vectors, components of a vector in two dimensions and three-dimensional space, scalar and vector products, scalar and vector triple product.

Unit 13: Statistics and Probability

Measures of discretion; calculation of mean, median, mode of grouped and ungrouped data calculation of standard deviation, variance and mean deviation for grouped and ungrouped data. Probability: Probability of an event, addition and multiplication theorems of probability, Baye's theorem, probability distribution of a random variate, Bernoulli trials, and binomial distribution.

Unit 14: Trigonometry

Trigonometrical identities and equations, trigonometrical functions, inverse trigonometrical functions, and their properties, heights, and distance

JEE Main Paper

Syllabus PDF Download

Paper 1 (BE/BTech)

Download PDF

Paper 2A (BArch)

Download PDF

Paper 2B (BPlan)

Download PDF

JEE Main 2025 Chapter-wise Weightage of Physics

Candidates can check below the chapters, total questions, and weightage from each chapter of the Physics paper. 

Chapters

Total Questions

Weightage

Electrostatics

1

3.3%

Capacitors 

1

 3.3%

Simple Harmonic Motion

1

 3.3%

Sound Waves

1

 3.3%

Elasticity

1

 3.3%

Error in Measurement

1

 3.3%

Circular Motion

1

 3.3%

Electromagnetic Waves

1

 3.3%

Semiconductors

1

 3.3%

Magnetic Effect of Current and Magnetism

 2

6.6%

Alternating Current

 2

6.6%

Kinetic Theory of Gases & Thermodynamics

 2

6.6%

Kinematics

 2

6.6%

Work, Energy, and Power

 2

6.6%

Laws of Motion

 2

6.6%

Centre Of Mass

 2

6.6%

Rotational Dynamics

 2

6.6%

Modern Physics

 2

6.6%

Wave Optics

 2

6.6%

Current Electricity

3

9.9%

Also Read: How To Handle Tough Topics in JEE Physics

JEE Main 2025 Chapter-wise Weightage of Chemistry

Candidates can check below the chapters, total questions, and weightage from each chapter of the Chemistry paper. 

Chapters

Total Questions

Weightage

Mole Concept

1

3.3%

Redox Reactions 

1

3.3%

Electrochemistry 

1

3.3%

Chemical Kinetics 

1

3.3%

Solution & Colligative Properties 

1

3.3%

General Organic Chemistry 

1

3.3%

Stereochemistry 

1

3.3%

Hydrocarbon 

1

3.3%

Alkyl Halides 

1

3.3%

Carboxylic Acids & their Derivatives 

1

3.3%

Carbohydrates, Amino-Acids, and Polymers 

1

3.3%

Aromatic Compounds 

1

3.3%

Atomic Structure

2

6.6%

Chemical Bonding

2

6.6%

Chemical And Ionic Equilibrium

2

6.6%

Solid-State And Surface Chemistry

2

6.6%

Nuclear & Environmental Chemistry

2

6.6%

Thermodynamics & the Gaseous State

2

6.6%

Transition Elements & Coordination Compounds

3

 9.9%

Periodic table, p-Block Elements 

3

9.9%

Also Read: How To Handle Tough Topics in JEE Chemistry

JEE Main 2025 Chapter-wise Weightage of Mathematics

Candidates can check below the chapters, total questions, and weightage from each chapter of the Mathematics paper. 

Chapters

Total Questions

Weightage

Sets

1

3.3%

Permutations & Combinations

1

3.3%

Probability

1

3.3%

Complex Numbers

1

3.3%

Binominal Theorem

1

3.3%

Limits

1

3.3%

Differentiability

1

3.3%

Indefinite Integration

1

3.3%

Definite Integration

1

3.3%

Differential Equations

1

3.3%

Height & Distance

1

3.3%

Trigonometric Equations

1

3.3%

The Area under the Curve

1

3.3%

Quadratic Equations 

1

3.3%

Vectors

1

3.3%

Tangents and Normals

1

3.3%

Maxima and Minima

1

3.3%

Statistics

1

3.3%

Parabola

1

3.3%

Ellipse

1

3.3%

Hyperbola

1

3.3%

Sequences & Series

2

6.6%

Straight Lines 

2

6.6%

3-D Geometry 

2

6.6%

Determinants 

2

6.6%

Note: The chapter-wise weightage is prepared on the basis of JEE Main previous year question papers by analysing the topics and questions that had been asked in past years.

Also Read:

How To Handle Tough Topics in JEE Mathematics

How to prepare for JEE Main and Advanced 2024 together

JEE Main 2025: Preparation Tips

The JEE Main preparation plan consists of an overall strategy to crack the JEE Main 2025 exam, the best study material, quality mock tests, previous years' JEE Main papers, and a timetable to study. It is important for candidates to work and study smartly and follow an efficient method of preparation. One of the best ways to start with the JEE Main preparation is to learn from the books and analyse and solve previous year's JEE Main question papers. With the help of past-year question papers, candidates will be able to understand the weightage of the chapters asked in the exam and prepare accordingly. Also, listening to the previous year's JEE Main Toppers may help in strategizing the preparation. Check below some of the preparation tips and trics for JEE Main 2025.

  • It is important to have a thorough understanding of the JEE Main syllabus during the preparation journey. The JEE Main Syllabus is prepared based on NCERT textbooks.
  • Revise frequently, and it should be a part of the study plan.
  • Plan study time as per the weightage given to the various topics in the JEE Main Question Paper.
  • If possible, prepare notes for each chapter, which will help with quick revision before the examination.
  • Candidates must take several mock tests for more practice and to help understand the JEE Main question paper pattern.
  • Clear all the doubts immediately. Don't linger on the doubts. If doubts are not cleared, then it will be difficult to learn more about the topics if you have doubts.
  • Avoid distractions as much as possible, including social networking bias.
  • Study regularly and don't skip the timetable.
  • Practice time management, which will help candidates utilise three hours in the examination hall effectively without anxiety.

Read More:

BTech Admission Through CUET; College list, Cutoff, Eligibility Criteria

JEE Main Marks vs Percentile: A Comparative Study

JEE Main 2025 Syllabus FAQs

Q. Is JEE Main 2025 going to be tough or easy?

A. Candidates are mostly intrigued to know whether JEE Main 2025 is going to be tough or not. Generally, there is no answer to this question. It depends on the candidate's hard work, perseverance, willingness to go the extra mile no matter the circumstances, etc. as the pathway to success. 

Q. Is JEE Main syllabus reduced for 2025?

A. Currently, there is no such information available regarding the reduced syllabus for JEE Main 2025. In 2024, NTA released the new syllabus, in which several topics were removed. Candidates can check below the deleted JEE Main 2024 syllabus:

Chemistry: Surface Chemistry, States of Matter, General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Metals, s-block elements, Hydrogen, Environmental Chemistry, Alcohol Phenol and Ether, and Polymers chapters were removed.

Physics: In Physics, the Communication Device unit was removed from the syllabus. 

Mathematics: Mathematical Induction and Mathematical Reasoning units were removed. 

Q. What are the main subjects of JEE Main 2025?

A. The JEE Main Exam consists of three subjects, namely, mathematics, physics, and chemistry. In the JEE Main exam, questions are prepared from all three subjects with an equal weight of 33%. The JEE main syllabus for all three subjects is as per the CBSE/NCERT textbooks of classes 11 and 12. 

Q. Where a candidate get JEE Main 2025 Syllabus PDFs?

A. The National Testing Agency (NTA) will release the syllabus for JEE Main 2025 on its official website. NTA revised the syllabus of JEE Main, and a few chapters were removed that were not included in classes 11 and 12 topics of Physics Chemistry and Mathematics in 2024. Candidates can download the JEE Main Syllabus PDF 2024 from the Shiksha page or from the JEE Main official page to start their preparation. It is advised that students prepare for the exam strictly according to the syllabus.

About the Author
author-image
Shikha Goyal
Assistant Manager

Shikha Goyal is an author with expertise in various domains, especially engineering. She has postgraduate degrees in Mathematics as well as Mass Communication and Journalism. She has devoted her life to helping stud... Read Full Bio

Download Important Dates for B.E. / B.Tech Exams

News & Updates

Latest NewsPopular News

Explore Other Exams

17 May '24 -

26 May '24

JEE Advanced 2024 Admit Card a...

25 May '24

JEE Advanced 2024 Choosing of ...

20 May '24 -

24 May '24

BITSAT 2024 Exam Date - Sessio...

18 May '24 -

8 Jun '24

BITSAT 2024 application form -...

10 Nov '23 -

15 Jun '24

SRMJEEE 2024 application form...

27 May '24

SRMJEEE 2024 phase 1 Last Date...

24 May '24

COMEDK UGET result 2024

21 May '24

COMEDK UGET final answer key

6 May '24 -

6 Jun '24

TNEA 2024 application window

12 Jun '24

TNEA 2024 Assigning Random Num...

22 May '24

WBJEE 2024 OMR and response sh...

22 May '24 -

24 May '24

WBJEE 2024 OMR and response sh...

3 May '24 -

28 May '24

VITEEE 2024 Counselling - Phas...

3 May '24 -

8 Jun '24

VITEEE 2024 Counselling - Phas...

22 May '24 -

24 May '24

MHT CET 2024 Answer Key Challe...

24 May '24 -

26 May '24

MHT CET 2024 Answer Key Challe...

The list of exams are recommended based on what other exams do the students in your area show interest in
qna

Student Forum

chatAnything you would want to ask experts?
Write here...

Answered Yesterday

Candidates who have passed Class 12 with a minimum of 50% aggregate from a recognised board, is eligible to apply. Moroever, the candidate must have studied Physics, Chemistry, and Maths as mandatory subjects in Class 12. For candidates belonging to SC/ST/OBC, physically challenged, and other such c

...more

33383467
Saumya Srivastava

Contributor-Level 10

Answered Yesterday

You can get mining branch in upward round of REAP in Ctae.

G

Garvita Pamecha

Beginner-Level 3

Answered Yesterday

For BTech admission, candidates need to appear for JEE Main exam. In addition to this, students must have passed Class 12 in PCM/ PCSM with a minimum of 50% aggregate. JEE Main last round closing rank 2023 (General-All India) for BTech in Computer Science and Engineering at Kurukshetra University is

...more

P

Pooja Sharma

Contributor-Level 8

Answered Yesterday

For BTech admission, candidates need to appear for JEE Main exam. In addition to this, students must have passed Class 12 in PCM/ PCSM with a minimum of 50% aggregate. The total course fee for the BTech course ranges between INR 2.4 Lacs and INR 6 lakh.

33383467
Saumya Srivastava

Contributor-Level 10

Answered Yesterday

The minimum marks required to clear JEE Mains depends on your category. If you are an SC candidate then your cut off is 48, for ST candidate your cut off will be 56, for OBC candidate the cutoff will be 72 and for OC candidate it is 100. This is based on the year wise analysis. This needs not to be

...more

D

Diksha Bansal

Beginner-Level 5

Answered 2 days ago

Yes you can get the addmission 29347 is a good score in JEE main. Do counselling in best college that you want your take addmission. Good luck for you career

S

Shoaib Malik

Beginner-Level 5

Answered 2 days ago

Yes, Usha Martin University awards various scholarships based on merit in entrance test. These scholarships are provided based on scores in JEE Main. Following is a list of merit-based scholarships and their eligibility criteria:

Merit-Based Scholarships

  • 100% scholarship for male students scoring abov

...more

S

Shailja Rawat

Contributor-Level 10

Answered 2 days ago

Yes, Usha Martin University accepts JEE Main score for BTech admissions. Moreover, candidates seeking admission to UMU BTech courses must fulfill the eligibility criteria. To be eligible, the students must have passed Class 12 with a minimum of 50% aggregate. In addition to that, the candidate must

...more

S

Shailja Rawat

Contributor-Level 10

Answered 2 days ago

NO. You can not. 

The minimum percentile for NIT (2024) -

General - 91%ile

OBC - 88%ile.

SC - 82%ile.

ST- 74%ile.

K

Koushik Sarkar

Beginner-Level 5

Answered 2 days ago

The selection in Dream Institute of Technology for B.Tech is based on WBJEE ranks or JEE Main score. So, you can join without JEE Main if your rank in WBJEE is good and you crack the initial personal interview round.

A

Achinta Maity

Beginner-Level 4